button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Lancashire, North of the Sands
county:- Cumbria
county, old

text:- Mason 1907 (edn 1930)

Page 31:-
...
FURNESS is a bit of Lancashire entirely separated from the rest of the county by the waters of Morecambe Bay. The little Winster stream alone divides it from Westmoreland, and the Duddon from Cumberland; but nowhere does it touch the shire of which it forms a part.
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P001, button   goto source.
Page 1:-
DESCRIPTION OF THE ENGLISH LAKES AND ADJACENT MOUNTAINS.
THE LAKES.
THE Mountainous District, in which the English Lakes are situated, extends into three Counties, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, which form their junction at a point upon the mountain Wrynose, near the road side. Lancashire is separated from Cumberland by the river Duddon; from Westmorland by the stream running through Little Langdale, and by Elterwater and Windermere, until south of Storrs Hall; after which the river Winster forms the boundary till it enters the sands near Medup; ...
image OT01P103, button   goto source.
... The road entering Lancashire at Brathay, or at Skelwith Bridge, leaves it again at Colwith Bridge; ...
image OT01P107, button   goto source.
... Near the road on Wrynose are the three shire stones of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire.
...
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Page 149:-
THE GEOLOGY OF THE LAKE DISTRICT.
AT the time this essay was first published, the structure of the mountainous district of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, was but little understood; scientific travellers had contented themselves with procuring specimens of the different rocks, without taking time to become acquainted with their relative position. Since then, the subject has received more attention from persons conversant with geological inquiries; especially from the distinguished Professor Sedgwick. ...
person:- geologist : Sedgwick, Adam
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1La, button to large image
LANCASHIRE
map title

placename:- Lancashire
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 127:-
LANCASHIRE.
I must now direct my progress to another quarter, to the remaining BRIGANTES who settled on the other side of the Mountains towards the western ocean, and first to those of Lancashire, whom I feel some secret reluctance to visit, if they will forgive me the expression. I fear I shall give little satisfaction to myself or my readers here, so little encouragement did I meet with when I surveyed much the greater part of this county, so completely has Time destroyed the original names everywhere. But, that I may not seem to neglect Lancashire, I must attempt the task, not doubting but Providence, which has hitherto favoured me will assist me here.
The county of Lancaster, called by the Saxons [Loncasterscyre - Anglo Saxon], vulgarly Lonka-shire, Lankashire, and the County Palatine of Lancaster, it being dignified with the honour of a County Palatine, lies to the west under the hills, which, as I have frequently before observed, run through the middle of England, and divide the counties as arbiters between them respectively. It is so confined by Yorkshire on the east, and the Irish sea on the west, that on the south, towards Cheshire, it spreads to a greater breadth, and then gradually narrows again to the north, where it borders on Westmorland. It is there broken in upon by a bay of the sea, and no small part of it lies on the other side of that bay adjoining to Cumberland.
... ...

placename:- Lancashire
other name:- Loncasterscyre
other name:- Lonkashire
other name:- Lankashire
other name:- County Palatine of Lancaster
person:- : Brigantes
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 134:-
LANCASHIRE is in length from north to south 80 miles, in breadth from east to west 32, and in circumference above 200, contains 1,150,000 acres, 40,000 houses, 240,000 inhabitants, 6 hundreds, 7 market towns, and but 36 parishes, as Mr. Camden, which is as few or fewer than Rutland, or the little Welsh counties, but these parishes are large and populous, and contain each several chapels. Mr. Pennant says, in an excellent survey made in the beginning of James I. there were 60 parishes. At the Domesday survey this county was included in Cheshire and Yorkshire. Leland says Lancastreshire conteineth five litle shires. It was made a county palatine by Edward III. in favour of his fourth son John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and has a court sitting in the dutchy chamber of Lancaster at Westminster, where a chancellor takes cognizance of all causes concerning its revenue, and a court of chancery. The lower part of the county is wet and unfavourable to sheep, but the hills breed very fine ones.
... ...
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Windermere S)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CLBSD39W, button to large image
LANCASHIRE
Bounded by the Black Beck.

placename:- Lancashire
county
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Windermere N)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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LANCASHIRE
South of the River Brathay.

placename:- Lancashire
county
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Win/Ble)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT9NY30R, button to large image
Lancashire
labelled on east side of the River Rothay
thumbnail CT9SD39W, button to large image
Lancashire
labelled on south side of Black Beck

placename:- Lancashire
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760 (Lan)

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
The Bowen and Kitchin map of Lancashire has descriptive text:-
The County Palatine of LANCASTER is 170 miles in Circumference being about 57 in length & 31 in Breadth is divided into 6 Hundreds in which are contained 115000 Acres of Land 27 Market Towns whereof 5 send Members to Parlt. 61 Parishes besides many Chapels of ease 40200 Houses & upwards of 240000 Inhabitants. The Air is serene & healthful. The Moorish Parts are not fertile but theCountry is genrally well stored with Provisions also Coals Flax Corn & Cattle (especially Oxen said to be the finest in England) Fowl Fish particularly Charr Pit Coal which is of so hard a texture that of it are made several Utensils well polished & but little inferr. to Jett The chief Manufactures are Woollen Cloths Cottons & Ticken.

placename:- County Palatine of Lancaster
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
LANCASHIRE
county; included in the 'Royaume de Northumberland'

placename:- Lancashire
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM522, button to large image
Lancashire / Wth. some confi / ning Townes
in title cartouche; adjacent counties given on thumbnail map
the Irishe sea West / Cu~berl & Westmor: N / Yorkshire East / Cheshir South

placename:- Lancashire
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 129, Lancashire:-
The seaven and twentieth Song.
THE ARGUMENT.
... ...
page 162:-

placename:- Lancashire
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
LANCASHIRE
county

placename:- Lancashire
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
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Eboracensis Pars

placename:- Eboracensis Pars
county:- Lancashire

old map:- Saxton 1579

Lancastria

placename:- Lancastria
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:-
thumbnail BXX11, button to large image
Map, hand coloured engraving, wood jigsaw puzzle, England, scale about 26 miles to 1 inch, by Gall and Inglis, Bernard Terrace, Edinburgh, and 25 Paternoster Square, London, cut by E J Peacock, King's Cross, London, 1850s?
printed on box lid:-
A / DISSECTED / MAP / OF / ENGLAND / Manufactured by E. J. PEACOCK, 10 Upper [W house] Street, King's Cross.
printed on jigsaw
LANCASHIRE

placename:- Lancashire
date:- 1850=1859
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Children's Friend 1869

thumbnail M077, button to large image
HIEROGLYPHICAL READINGS. No.XXI. LANCASHIRE.

placename:- Lancashire
date:- 1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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