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placename:- Linstock Castle
locality:- Linstock
parish Stanwix Rural parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
castle; pele tower; haunted house
coordinates:- NY42895848
10Km square:- NY45

1Km square NY4258

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 17 13)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Linstock Castle
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 174:-
...
... Linstock, a castle of the bishops of Carlisle, in the barony of Crosby, which barony Waltheof, son of earl Gospatric and lord of Allerdale, gave to the church of Carlisle, and which I take to be called by contraction from OLENACUM. For that place seems to have been on the wall where the first Ala Herculea served against the barbarians. ...

placename:- Linstock Castle
other name:- Olenacum
person:- : Carlisle, Bishop of
person:- : Waltheof
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 191:-
...
Linstock was granted with Carleton by Henry I. to Walter his chaplain, who took upon him a religious habit in St. Mary's priory, Carlisle, and with the king's consent gave both manors to that in frank almoyne for ever, and became prior there. For some time the bishop and convent held all their lands in common: but when the first partition was made by Gualo the pope's legate this barony fell to the bishop, and this castle was his seat so late as 1293.
person:- : Henry I
person:- : Carlisle, Bishop of
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 105:-
...
I do not find any ancient authors mention a castle here [Castlerigg], Speed, who speaks of twenty-five in Cumberland, hath found out every one I ever heard or knew of, except Kirkoswald; how that has escaped him I cannot tell. I shall here put down their names, and, as well as I can, their most ancient owners, and supposed founders.
...
Page 106:-
...
8. LYNSTOCK. Waldeof son of Gospatrick.
...

placename:- Lynstock Castle
person:- : Waldeof
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P192, button   goto source.
...
Linstock, a Castle of the Bishop of Carlisle. The Barony was first given by King Henry I. to one Walter, his Chaplain, to hold of him and his Successors, the Kings of England; but Walter voluntarily taking upon him a religious Life, with the King's Licence in the Priory of St. Mary's at Carlisle, the King gave Linstock to the Canons in pure Alms. The Bishop's See was after erected at Carlisle by the same King in 1133; but the Lands were enjoy'd by the Bishop and Convents, who had the Power of Election in common, 'till Pandolf, the Pope's Legate, made a Division, and so the Barony of Linstock became the Possessions of the See of Carlisle, as it continues to this Day.

placename:- Linstock Castle
person:- : Carlisle, Bishop of
person:- : Walter
person:- : Pandolf
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY45, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY45, button to large image
Lynstock Castle
Circle, building with two towers.

placename:- Lynstock Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
Lynstock C.
circle, two towers, flag; castle

placename:- Lynstock Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY45, button to large image
Lynstok Cast
Buildings and tower with flag.

placename:- Lynstok Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY45, button to large image
Lynstik [c]a
circle, buildings, tower

placename:- Lynstik Castle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY45, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY45, button to large image
Building with two towers, symbol for a castle.
Lynstok cast

placename:- Lynstok Castle
county:- Cumberlandia
castle
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
LINSTOCK CASTLE / / / STANWIX RURAL / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 77660 / NY4289758484
courtesy of English Heritage
Farmhouse, formerly tower house. C12 or early C13 as palace for the Bishops of Carlisle, with C17-C20 additions and alterations. Tower has large blocks of red sandstone, mostly from Roman Wall nearby, for walls 2 metres thick; slate gabled roof. 3 storeys, one bay, tower. entrance to ground floor, has chamfered rounded arch with continuous hood-mould hidden by ivy: above left is original first-floor entrance with rounded arch, now filled. Windows inserted 1768 with plain freestone surrounds, sashes with glazing bars, C19 plank door. East face has 2 round-headed lancets and one flat-headed chamfered lancet, now all filled. Ground floor chamfered lancet to west face. C20 steel casement in north face. Interior has pointed arch vaulting to ground floor without stairs: first-floor room connected to 2 second-floor rooms by stair in thickness of the wall. Walls originally higher and flat roof, reduced and gabled 1768. Extension at right angles of 2 storeys, 2 bays has sandstone rubble walls partly covered by render, is probably early C17 incorporating parts of an earlier out building. Two C17 chamfered mullion windows with mixed C19 and C20 sashes, with with single glazing bars and steel casements. Further one bay early C19 extension of brick under same roof with C20 kitchen extension of single storey, 2 bays to side. Close to the castle are the remains of the encircling moat. Used as Bishops Palace c1219-early C14, then as prison and refuge for villagers in border raids. For 6 days in March 1307, Edward I, his Queen and Court were entertained here, whilst Parliament was held in Carlisle. See, Curwen, Castles & Towers of Cumberland & Westmorland, 1913, p. 298-9.

placename:- Linstock Castle
district:- Carlisle
listed building
coordinates:- NY42895848
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Linstock Castle -- Linstock -- Stanwix Rural -- Cumbria / -- From Hutchinson 1794 map 2.

notes 13th century pele tower, later hall, traces of a moat
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustrations

hearsay The ghost of Bishop Irton, died 1283, might be seen on the anniversary of his death.

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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