button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Lord's Island
site name:- Derwent Water
parish Borrowdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
island
coordinates:- NY26542189
10Km square:- NY22

1Km square NY2621

photograph

Lord's Island -- Derwent Water -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 24.8.2008
photograph

Lord's Island -- Derwent Water -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms on Lord Derwentwater's Chair; ?wrongly said to have belonged to Sir John Radcliffe, Lord's Island, died 1529. The arms are NOT the Radcliffe Family arms. -- 24.8.2008 -- courtesy of Keswick Museum

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 74:-
... The Ratcliffes also possessed Lord's Island, the largest on the lake, where their mansion is said to have been built, from the stones of the old one on Castlehead. ...
Page 75:-
... Lord's Isle was once a part of the mainland. The Ratcliffes cut a fosse, in the feudal times, and set up a drawbridge. ... ... Every where are there traces of the unhappy family; even in the sky, where the aurora borealis is sometimes called, to this day, Lord Derwentwater's lights, because it was particularly brilliant the night after his execution.
person:- : Ratcliffe Family
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 54:-
... Lord's Island, six acres in extent, once the residence of the unfortunate Radcliffes, is now entirely covered with wood: it is, along with Rampsholm, the property of W. Marshall, Esq. who purchased the Greenwich Hospital estates in this district. ...

placename:- Lord's Island
person:- : Marshall, William
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P017, button   goto source.
Page 17:-
... Lord's Isle, contains about six acres and a half, and is covered with stately trees, forming a fine rookery. It is situated near the shore, on which account, probably, it was selected for the residence of the family of Derwentwater; but the house has long been in ruins, and nothing now remains but the foundation. This, and the smaller island called Rampsholm, form part of the late Earl of Derwentwater's sequestrated estate, which has been purchased from Greenwich Hospital in 1832, by John Marshall, Esq. of Leeds.
...
image OT01P118, button   goto source.
Page 118:-
... Lord's Island, near the shore, was once the residence of the family [of Derwentwater.]

placename:- Lord's Isle
person:- : Derwentwater Family; Derwentwater, Earl of; Greenwich Hospital; Marshall, John
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 181:-
...
The Derwentwater family took their name from the place where they were seated from the reign of Edward I. Sir Nicholas Radcliffe of Dilston c. Northumberland, knt. married the heiress of the family in the reign of Henry VI. and his descendant Francis was created by James II. baron of Dilston, viscount Langley and Radcliff, and earl of Derwentwater; all which titles were forfeited with his estate and life by his son James, beheaded on Tower-hill 1716 for engaging in the rebellion. The estate amounted to £.20,000. a year, including the mines, was vested in trustees for the support of Greenwich hospital, but restored on the reversal of the attainder 177[ ].
...
... Castlerigg was the antient seat of the Derwentwater family, but after the marriage with the Radcliffs went to ruin, and with the materials the Radcliffs built a pleasure-house in one of the islands in Derwentwater. The large and stately oaks were felled by the trustees of Greenwich hospital, who lately replaced them by some small plantations. ...
person:- : Derwentwater Family
person:- : Radcliffe Family
person:- : Radcliffe, James, Sir
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 70:-
...
Upon Lord's Island, the Radcliffs, Earls of Derwentwater, formerly had a seat, which, according to Nicholson and Burn, was built of stones that came from a castle founded by the Romans upon Castrigg, or Castle-Rigg. I do not believe the story, which I shall endeavour to prove when we pass it. There are some remains of the building upon the island to be seen, but the whole is now covered with wood.
This once-flourishing family lost their estates in the year 1715, which were given by his Majesty King George I. to Greenwich Hospital. There is nothing upon this island worth landing for, except the refreshing shade upon a very hot day. It is planted with Scots firs, about twenty-seven years standing; amongst which there is room to walk, and seldom wants a fine cooling breeze. At the first planting of these trees, the island was so much infested with vermin, particularly mice, that they totally defeated all labours of the planters. So numerous and mischievous were these vermin, that after the trees had been planted three or four years, they were almost entirely destroyed by them: some, (particularly the firs,) were totally gnawed through a little above the ground; and others stripped of their bark, and thereby deprived of nutriment. Upon this, Mr Nicholson, who was Agent and Bailiff for Greenwich Hospital, collected several cats, whom he turned loose upon the island, and who soon overcame the mice. Afterwards some of the cats boldly swam to shore, and run wild amongst the woods; others perished with hunger, and some remained for several years.

placename:- Lord's Island
person:- : Derwentwater, Earl of
person:- : Radcliff Family
person:- : Greenwich Hospital
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Der)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL152622, button to large image
LORD'S ISLAND / Hospital
wooded island

placename:- Lord's Island
person:- : Greenwich Hospital
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Gilpin 1786

Guide book, Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1772, on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, by Rev William Gilpin, 1772-74; published 1786-1808.
vol.1 p.181
Lord's island has it's name from being the place, where once stood a pleasure-house, belonging to the unfortunate family of Derwent-water, which took it's title from this lake. The ancient manor-house stood on Castle-hill above Keswick; where the antiquarian traces also the vestiges of a Roman fort. But an heiress of Derwent-water marrying into the family of the Ratcliffs; the family-seat was removed from Keswick to Dilston in Northumberland.

placename:- Lord's Island
person:- : Derwentwater Family
person:- : Ratcliff Family
date:- 1786
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map -- probably relevant

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY22, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY22, button to large image
island
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Der)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT2NY21U, button to large image
Lord's Isld.
In the map title:-
Lord's Island, formerly Ld. Derwentwater's

placename:- Lord's Island
island
person:- : Derwentwater, Lord
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P090, button   goto source.
Page 90:-
[Derwent water] ... Lords-island, richly dressed in wood.
...
image WS21P115, button   goto source.
Page 115:-
[Mr Pennant's description] '... The isles that decorate this water are finely disposed, and very distinct, rise with gentle and regular curvatures above the surface, consist of verdant turf, or are planted with various trees. The principal is Lord's-island, above five acres, where the Ratcliff family had some time its residence, and, from this lake, took the title of Derwent-water. ...'

placename:- Lords Island
person:- : Pennant, Thomas
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY21, button to large image
in Derwent Water; the Royal Mines label belongs with the northerly island.
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Smith 1751

Map of the Black Lead Mines in Cumberland, and area, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by George Smith, published in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1751.
thumbnail GM13b, button to large image
Lady I
island

placename:- Lady Island
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P183, button   goto source.
...
... in which [Derwent Water] there are three Islands, ... and the third has of late Years, had the Honour to be the Seat of the famous Family of Radcliffs, Knights, called from hence, for Distinction Sake, the Radcliffs of Derwentwater; the last of which Family was the late unhappy James, Earl of Derwentwater, who joining in a Rebellion against his Majesty King George I. was taken at the Battle of Preston in Lancashire, and beheaded on Tower Hill the 24th of February, 1716.
person:- : Radcliff Family
person:- : Radcliff, James; Derwentwater, Earl of
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s
event:- rebellion : 1715 Rebellion

descriptive text:- Gents Mag (1751) -- probably relevant

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
On ... Lady Island, Ld Derwentwater had formerly a castle, now in ruins, intended to prevent the depredations which were frequently committed by the Scots before the union.

placename:- Lady Island
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old print:- Black 1856 (23rd edn 1900)

Guide book, Black's Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, or Soho Square, London, 1856 to 1900s onwards.
thumbnail BC08E4, button to large image
Print, lithograph, Outline Views, Skiddaw and Derwent Water - Mountains as seen at Lodore Hotel, and Mountains as seen at the Third Gate on Ascending Latrigg on the Way to Skiddaw, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1900.
... Lord's Isle ...

placename:- Lord's Isle
date:- 1900
period:- 1900s

old print:- Pyne 1853

Set of prints, The English Lake District, or Lake Scenery of England, scenes painted by James Barker Pyne, lithographed by W Gauci, published by Thomas Agnew and Sons, Manchester, 1853; published 1853-70.
thumbnail PY21, button to large image
Derwentwater
Drawn by James Barker Pyne, 1848-1853, lithographed by T Picken, 1859.
date:- 1848=1853
period:- 19th century, early; 19th century, late; 1840s; 1850s

old print:- Gresham Publishing 1900s

Book, Our Beautiful Homeland, volume including The English Lakes, by George Benson, A G Bradley, and R Murray Gilchrist, illustrated by Ernest W Haslehurst, published by The Gresham Publishing Co, 66 Chandos Street, London, 1900s?
thumbnail PR1567, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Derwentwater from Friars Crag, Cumberland, by Ernest W Haslehurst, published by The Gresham Publishing Co, 66 Chandos Street, London, 1900s?
Tipped in opposite p.40 of The English Lakes section of a volume of Our Beautiful Homeland.
printed at bottom:-
DERWENTWATER FROM FRIARS CRAG
printed at lower left:-
E. W. HASLEHURST
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Tattersall 1836 (version 1869)

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT212, button to large image
Print, hand coloured, Derwentwater and Bassenthwaite Lakes, from the road to Watendlath, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, 1836, engraved by W F Topham, published by T J Allman, 463 Oxford Street, London, 1869.
Included in The Lakes of England, by W F Topham.
printed at bottom:-
DERWENTWATER and BASSENTHWAITE LAKES, / from the road to Watendlath.
printed at bottom:-
Swinside. / Lord's Seat. / Barff. / St. Herbert's I. / Bassenthwaite L. / Ramps I. / Vicar's I. / Lord's I. / Skiddaw Dodd. / Castle Hill. / Keswick. / Skiddaw. / Latrigg. / Falcon Crag.

placename:- Lord's Isle
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT130, button to large image
Print, engraving, Derwentwater and Bassenthwaite Lakes, from the road to Watenflath, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.77 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
DERWENTWATER and BASSENTHWAITE LAKES, / from the road to Watendlath.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Swinside. / Lord's Seat. / Barff. / St. Herbert's I. / Bassenthwaite L. / Ramp's I. / Vicar's I. / Lord's I. / Skiddaw Dodd. / Castle Hill. / Keswick. / Skiddaw. / Latrigg. / Falcon Crag.

placename:- Lord's Isle
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0370, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Derwentwater and Bassenthwaite Lakes from the Road to Watendlath, Cumberland, published by Sherwood and Co, London, 1836?
The view is from just above Ashness Bridge. Objects in the view are identified by a caption at the bottom (unfortunately the print is pale, so some objects are unclear, and the caption seems to be a little misaligned) - Swinside, Lord's Seat, Barff, St. Herbert's I., Bassenthwaite L., Ramp's I., Vicar's I., Lord's I., Skiddaw Dodd, Castle Hill, Keswick, Skiddaw, Latrigg, Falcon Crag.
printed at bottom:-
DERWENTWATER and BASSENTHWAITE LAKES. / from the Road to Watendlath.

placename:- Lord's Island
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Black 1841 (3rd edn 1846)

Guide book, Black's Picturesque Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Blck, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, 1841 to 1888.
thumbnail BC02E4, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains as seen at Lowdore Inn, and Mountains as seen at the Third Gate on Ascending Latrigg on the Way to Skiddaw, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1846.
... Lord's Isle ...

placename:- Lord's Isle
date:- 1844
period:- 19th century, early

hearsay The roman catholic family supported the Stuart cause in the rebellion of 1715, following which Sir James Radcliffe, Lord Derwentwater, was captured and beheaded on Tower Hill, London, 1716. That night there was a display of the Northern Lights, Aurora Borealis, which came to be known as Derwentwater's Lights.
The family home was Dilston Hall, Northumberland, and there is a song about Lord Derwentwater's death (from memory):-




hearsay James Radcliffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater, married Anna Maria, daughter of Sir John Webb, Canford, Dorset, 1712. The earl was a friend of The Pretender, and on the rising of the 1715 Rebellion, a warrant was issued for his arrest. He went into hiding, but the taunts of his wife persuaded him to active support for the rebellion. He was surrounded at Preston, 14 October 1715, caught, sent to the Tower, beheaded 1716. Lady Derwentwater visited the estate before retiring to Canford. She was blamed for her husband's death and to escape the threats of the local population, she took refuge in a hollow on Walla Crga, since known as Lady's Rake.

hearsay During the Civil War, Sir Francis Radcliffe fled from Northumberland to the island to escape the Parliamentary forces, but his home on the island was destroyed in 1604 nevertheless.
Stone from the ruins is said to have been used to build Keswick's town hall.

button   house, Lord's Island

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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