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placename:- Muncaster Castle
locality:- Muncaster
parish Muncaster parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
castle; haunted house; garden
coordinates:- SD10359634
10Km square:- SD19

1Km square SD1096

photograph

Muncaster Castle -- Muncaster -- Muncaster -- Cumbria / -- 5.6.2007
photograph

Muncaster Castle -- Muncaster -- Muncaster -- Cumbria / -- 24.9.2010

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 82 11)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Muncaster Castle
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL142, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Muncaster Castle, Muncaster, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 182 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower right:-
Joseph Pennell
printed at lower left:-
AG
printed at bottom:-
Muncaster Castle.

placename:- Muncaster Castle
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02SD19, button to large image
Muncaster & Castle
Building and park.

placename:- Muncaster Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 13:-
...
... The stream of this vale [Eskdale] passes under the woody steeps, on which stands Muncaster Castle, the handsome residence of the Penningtons, seated on the northern banks, amidst beautiful walks and gardens, with a spacious walk, whilst the neighbouring hills enrich the view with their covering of forest trees. ...

placename:- Muncaster Castle
person:- : Pennington Family
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02SD09, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02SD09, button to large image

placename:- Moncaster house
house
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P197, button   goto source.
... Moncaster, near Whitehaven, the Seat of Sir Joseph Pennington, one of the Knights of the Shire in the present Parliament. ...

placename:- Moncaster
person:- : Pennington, Joseph, Sir
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd) -- probably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12SD09, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12SD09, button to large image
Moncaster
Circle.

placename:- Moncaster
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3SD19, button to large image
Momaster
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Momaster
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11SD19, button to large image
Momaster
circle, building, tower

placename:- Momaster
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9SD09, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9SD09, button to large image
Church, symbol for a parish or village, with a parish church.
Momaster

placename:- Momaster
county:- Cumberlandia
village
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
MUNCASTER CASTLE / / A595 / MUNCASTER / COPELAND / CUMBRIA / I / 76270 / SD1035596332
courtesy of English Heritage
Large house incorporating (C13?) fortified tower in the south-west corner; remodelled and enlarged 1862-66 by Anthony Salvin for the 4th Lord Muncaster. Coursed rubble with quoins and sandstone detailing; embattled parapets, some carried on cavetto eaves. Graduated slate roofs; corniced stone chimneys. U-shaped plan with tower at end of each arm; mainly 2 and 3 storeys. Main entrance on south side in full-height porch. Scattered fenestration, mainly C19, of multi-light stone-mullioned (and transomed) windows. Very fine interior includes panelled Hall, drawing room (with decorative plasterwork to segmental ceiling), and octagonal library with galleries. For detailed description, see Pevsner, BUILDINGS OF ENGLAND : CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND pp165 and 166 (1980 edition).

placename:- Muncaster Castle
district:- Copeland
listed building
coordinates:- SD10359633
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
MONUMENT NORTH EAST OF MUNCASTER CASTLE / / A595 / MUNCASTER / COPELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 76267 / SD1107897490
courtesy of English Heritage
Eyecatcher, probably mid C18. Rough-dressed granite boulders with quoins; battered, with banding between floors. Pyramidal roof of stone blocks. 3 stages, octagonal in plan c65 ft high. Intended to appear medieval when viewed from a distance but lacks fine detailing. Entrance has pointed head and splayed jambs. Oculi to each side between the lower stages light the ground floor. 1st floor probably entered externally through opening on north-west face; blind Latin crosses to remaining faces. 2nd floor has small window, in rusticated surround, to each face. Interior: Spiral, domical vaults to ground and 1st floors; niches of varying size to ground-floor walls. Said to mark the place where shepherds found Henry VI wandering the Fells after the battle of Towton in 1461.
district:- Copeland
listed building -- monument
coordinates:- SD11079749
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
ENTRANCE GATEWAY AND WALLS TO NORTH OF MUNCASTER CASTLE / / A595 / MUNCASTER / COPELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 76271 / SD0978696642
courtesy of English Heritage
Entrance gateway and walls; 2 builds, probably late C18/early C19. Ashlar gateway has parapet; rough-dressed quoins and surrounds. Splayed walls of random rubble with chamfered copings. Gateway has taller central section with coat-of-arms and Pennington badges above semicircular-headed carriage arch; wrought-iron gates with scrollwork panels. Piers, square in plan with caps, to inner ends of walls.
district:- Copeland
listed building -- gateway
coordinates:- SD09789664
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.3 no.26)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0040, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Muncaster Castle, Cumberland, drawn by G Pickering, engraved by T Jeavons, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1835.
vol.3 pl.26 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
G. Pickering. / T. Jeavons. / MUNCASTER CASTLE, CUMBERLAND. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1835.

placename:- Muncaster Castle
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Farington 1816 (plate 26)

Set of prints, 43 engravings, The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland, drawings by Jospeph Farington, with text by Thomas Hartwell Horne, published by T Cadell, and W Davies, Strand, and by J M'Creery, Black Horse Court, Fleet Street, London, 1816.
thumbnail BNV38, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Muncaster Castle and Eskdale, drawn by Joseph Farington, engraved by John Pye, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1815.
Plate 26 in The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland and Cumberland ... with text by Thomas Hartwell Horne:-
VIEW OF MUNCASTER CASTLE. / THE Manor of Muncaster is known to have belonged to the Pennington family as early as the reign of Henry II. Sir John Pennington, who lived in the reign of Henry VI., is said to have secreted that unhappy monarch in his flight from his enemies; and the tradition of the family is, that on quitting Muncaster he presented his host with a small glass vessel, still preserved in the family, and called the Luck of Muncaster, to the preservation of which a considerable degree of superstition is attached. This Sir John Pennington is said to have been a distinguished military character, and to have commanded the left wing of the English army in an expedition against Scotland. His grandson, of the same name, was in the battle of Flodden Field. Another descendant, of the same name, was Admiral to King Charles I. and much trusted by that monarch in naval affairs. Sir William Pennington, grandson of the last-mentioned Sir John, was created a Baronet in 1676. Sir John Pennington, the fifth Baronet, was, in 1783, created Lord Muncaster, of the Kingdom of Ireland; he died in 1813, leaving only one surviving daughter, married to Lord Lindsay, son of the Earl of Balcarras, when the title of Muncaster and the Muncaster estates, being settled on male heirs, devolved to his brother, General Lowther Pennington, now Lord Muncaster. / Muncaster cstle, which retains the principal tower of the ancient fortifiied mansion, though it has lost its original form, was nearly rebuilt by the late Lord Muncaster. It stands on an eminence, nearly surrounded by beautiful plantations, and commanding in front a fine view of the Vale of Esk, flanked on each side, and terminated in front, by the wildest mountain scenery. In the house are several family pictures, and a curious portrait of Thomas Skelton, the fool of Muncaster, who is said to have lived in the family at the time of the civil wars, and of whose sayings there are many traditional stories. ...

placename:- Muncaster Castle
person:- : Muncaster, Lord
person:- : Pennington Family
person:- : Skelton, Thomas; Fool of Muncaster
date:- 1815
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Morris 1866-80 (vol.3 no.9)

4 volumes of colour lithographs, A Series of Picturesque Views of Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, edited by Francis Orpen Morris, published by William Mackenzie, 69 Ludgate Hill, London, etc, 1866-80?
thumbnail PR0103, button to large image
Print, coloured lithograph, Muncaster Castle, Muncaster, Cumberland, about 1880?
printed at bottom centre:-
MUNCASTER CASTLE.

placename:- Muncaster Castle
date:- 1880
period:- 19th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Muncaster Castle -- Muncaster -- Muncaster -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms, Pennington Family, 1861. -- 5.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Muncaster Castle -- Muncaster -- Muncaster -- Cumbria / -- 5.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Muncaster Castle -- Muncaster -- Muncaster -- Cumbria / -- Main gate. -- 13.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Muncaster Castle -- Muncaster -- Muncaster -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms on main gate. -- 13.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Muncaster Castle -- Muncaster -- Muncaster -- Cumbria / -- 11.5.2006

hearsay The house encloses a 14th century pele tower, and a castle built by Gamel de Mulcasre, 1258. The modern house was built 1862-63 by Anthony Salvin for the 4th Lord Muncaster.
After the defeat of the House of Lancaster at the Battle of Hexham, 1463, Sir John Pennington sheltered Henry VI for nine days. As reward the king gave Sir John a glass bowl, enamelled in white and gold, which is regarded as a luck bowl. In the church is a tablet:-
Holie Kinge Harrye gave Sir John a brauce wrkyd glass cuppe ... Whyles the familie shold keep hit unbrecken they shold gretely thryve

story The Tapestry Room is haunted by the ghost of a young carpenter. Sir Francis Pennington had his jester, Thomas Skelton, kill the man who had courted his daughter. Thomas presented his master with the young man's head. The jester is said to have been evil. But his jesting gave rise to the term tomfoolery ...

story The grounds of the castle are haunted by the ghost of Mary Bragg, sometimes seen crossing the road at Chase Corner. Mary came from Ravenglass and loved a footman at the castle. A rival, the housekeeper, hired a coachman and groom to collect Mary on pretext that the footman was ill, and needed her. At Chase Corner they stopped the coach, shot Mary and buried her in Hirst Plantation. A boy discovered the body but was sworn to silence, and Mary's corpse thrown into the River Esk. At the inquest on her body, which was washed up some days later, it was decided she had been drowned and her disfigured face caused by the chigling of eels; a cover up. The ill doers didn't escape: the housekeeper was ostracised, the groom went mad, and the coachman was later hanged as a highwayman.

Longville, Tim & Corbett, Val (photr): 2007: Gardens of the Lake District: Lincoln, Frances (London)

notes early tower and hall included in later house
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustration

button   summer house, Muncaster
button   Tom Fool's Tree, Muncaster

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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