button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Pendragon Castle
locality:- Mallerstang
parish Mallerstang parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
castle
coordinates:- NY78180263
10Km square:- NY70

1Km square NY7802

photograph

Pendragon Castle -- Mallerstang -- Mallerstang -- Cumbria / -- 24.7.2005
photograph

Pendragon Castle -- Mallerstang -- Mallerstang -- Cumbria / -- 24.7.2005

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 30 11)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0657, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Pendragon Castle, Mallerstang, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0031, button to large image
Photograph, Pendragon Castle, Mallerstang, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1894.
Vol.1 no.31 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
31. Pendragon Castle. Kirkby Stephen. E.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1894
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0032, button to large image
Photograph, Pendragon Castle, Mallerstang, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1897.
Vol.1 no.32 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
32. Pendragon Castle. Kirkby Stephen. E.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1897
period:- 1890s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 147:-
... Pendragon castle, to which time has left nothing but a name and heap of stones; ...

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 156:-
...
Pendragon castle belonged to the Cliffords from the beginning of Edward II. and now again reduced to bare walls, four yards thick and embattled, was rebuilt 1660 by Ann Clifford countess dowager of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery, with three other antient seats of her ancestors in this county; in which she kept up the antient hospitality by removing from one to the other, and diffused her charity all over the county. Over the entrance of the castle is this inscription:
"This Pendragon castle was repaired by the lady Anne Clifford, countesse dowager of Pembroke, Dorsett, and Montgomerie, baronesse Clifford, Westmerland, and Vescie, high sheriffesse by inheritance of the county of Westmerland, and lady of the honour of Skepton in Craven in the year 1660; so as she came to lye in it herself for a little while in October 1661, after it had layen ruinus without timber or any covering, ever since the year 1541. Isiah, chap.lviii. ver.12."
... The castle was demolished by Thomas earl of Thanet about 1685. It is washed on the east by the Eden, and on the other side are great trenches, as if its founder meant to draw the water round it. But tradition says the attempt failed; and, according to the old provincial rhyme,

placename:- Pendragon Castle
person:- : Clifford Family
person:- : Pembroke, Anne, Lady
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY70SE, button to large image
Pendragon Castle
castle

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY70, button to large image
Pendragon Castle
circle, tower

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Bickham 1753-54

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
Noblemen's Seats are Pendragon-Castle, the Earl of Thanet's; ...
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
date:- 1753
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYQ, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYQ, button to large image
Pendragon Cast.
Building.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P8, button   goto source.
Page 1026:-
...
Pendragon Castle, twelve Miles from Appleby, the Seat of the Earl of Thanet, Hereditary Sheriff of the County.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
This lady [Lady Anne Clifford] was one of the family of Clifford; she had no less than four castles in this county, of which Pendragon Castle was the chief, which is a fine building to this day.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
person:- : Clifford, Anne, Lady; Pembroke, Countess of
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY70, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY70, button to large image
Pendragon Castle
Circle, tower with a flag.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Wmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL7, button to large image
Pendragon Cast.
circle; castle

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
Pendragon C.
circle, two towers, flag; castle

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY70, button to large image
Pendragon Castle
Buildings and tower with flag.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM3, button to large image
Pendragon Ca: E
and tabulated distances; P on thumbnail map

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
Pendragon ca
dot, circle, and tower

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY70, button to large image
Pendragon castle
circle, towers

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
Pendrago~ cast
dot, circle and tower; village

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorland

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Pen-dragon
county:- Cumbria

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY70, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY70, button to large image
Building with two towers, symbol for a castle.
Pendragon cast:

placename:- Pendragon Castle
county:- Westmorelandia
castle
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

text:- Jackson 1990

Jackson, M J

other name:- Melvestang castle -- 1228
other name:- Castle of Mallerstang -- 1250=1299 (?)
other name:- Mallerstang, Castle of -- 1250=1299 (?)

old print:- Pennant 1773 (edn 1801)

Book, A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
thumbnail PEN618, button to large image
Print, engraving, Pendragon Castle, Mallerstang, Westmorland, drawn by Moses Griffith, engraved by S Sparrow, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
Tipped in opposite p.131 of A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Moses Griffith. Del / S Sparrow. Sc / PENDRAGON CASTLE / Pub June 1 1801 by Edw Harding 98 Pall Mall.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1801
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Braithwaite 1922

Guide book, Kirkby Stephen, written by J W Braithwaite and published by J W Braithwaite and Sons, Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland, 4th edn 1922.
thumbnail BT0105, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Pendragon Castle, Mallerstang, Westmorland, published by J W Braithwaite and Sons, Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland, 1922.
Tipped in opposite p.16 of a guide book, Kirkby Stephen, 4th edn 1922.
printed at bottom:-
PENDRAGON CASTLE, 3 MILES FROM KIRKBY STEPHEN.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
date:- 1922
period:- 1920s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
PENDRAGON CASTLE / / B6259 (NORTH OF OUTHGILL) / MALLERSTANG / EDEN / CUMBRIA / I / 73359 / NY7817002626
courtesy of English Heritage
Fortified tower-house dating from C12 with later additions and alterations; extensively restored 1660 for Lady Anne Clifford. Dismantled c1685. See descrip- tion and plan in R.C.H.M. pp 163-164; since its publication some of the fallen masonry has been cleared away, uncovering north entrance with spiral stair to either side of passage which was closed by portcullis (slot visible in masonry). Scheduled Ancient Monument.

placename:- Pendragon Castle
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY78170262
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pendragon Castle -- Mallerstang -- Mallerstang -- Cumbria / -- 24.7.2005
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pendragon Castle -- Mallerstang -- Mallerstang -- Cumbria / -- 24.7.2005

hearsay The castle is said to have been built by Sir Hugh de Morville in the time of Henry II. Sir Hugh was one of the four murderers of Thomas a Becket, 1170, though tradition says he only held back the crowd at sword point while the cleric was killed. After the murder he was exiled to France. Ownership of the castle eventually went to a nephew.
John gave Mallerstang, including the castle, to Robert de Vetripont, 1202. The Vipont Family held the castle for 700 years, till it went to the Clifford Family and descendants. It was one of the favourite seats of Lady Anne Clifford. She repaired the castle in the mid 17th century, recording that she:-
came to lie in it herselfe for a little while in October 1661, after it had layen ruinous without timber or any covering since the year 1541.

hearsay It is said that Uther Pendragon lived here, the father of King Arthur. He built the original castle on an existing mound, roman of course, in the late 5th century. Uther was a giant warrior, and a canibal, and fought the Saxons from Dumfries to Cornwall. Merlin, the magician, is supposed to have helped Uther take the form of King Gorlois so tha he could sleep with the queen, Igerna, at Tintagel Castle. Thus was Arthur conceived.
Uther tried to divert the River Eden to flow around the maot at Pendragon castle, and failed.

Awkward stuff, water. The moat is dry.
The Saxons could not defeat Uther on the battlefield, but in a siege they poisonned the water supply. In 515 Uther and a hundred supporters died from the poisonned water from the castle well. Then tere was anarchy, till Arthur grew old enough to create a kiingdom.

references Robertson, Dawn & Koronka, Peter: 1992: Secrets and Legends of Old Westmorland: Pagan Press (Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria) & Cumbria CC (library service)

notes 12th century castle restored in the 17th century; in ruins
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustrations

button   Castle Bridge, Mallerstang
button   post box, Mallerstang

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

button to lakes menu  Lakes Guides menu.

©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
button, online connection  Other projects

button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University