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placename:- Penrith
other name:- Peerith
parish Penrith town, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
building/s -- market town; selected place
coordinates:- NY513304
10Km square:- NY53
10Km square:- NY52
place code:- Pnrt

1Km square NY5130

photograph

Penrith -- Penrith -- Cumbria / -- Market place? -- 12.1.2006

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 58 4)

OS County Series (Cmd 58 8)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Penrith
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map (vignette):- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
thumbnail EJB3Vg21, button to large image
Penrith is now close ahead, guarded by Beacon Hill and with the merest fragment of its castle lingering near the railway station. The town has some old inns and many old houses built in narrow streets in a way that helps to conjure up pictures of hand-to-hand fighting twixt English and Scots. The churchyard contains two ancient sandstone pillars with traces of Runic decoration, set at either end of what is known as the Giant's Grave. ...

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 170:-
... Penrith is a neat little town, busy, from being the great thoroughfare of the district, but not particularly interesting, except from some Druidical remains in the neighbourhood, a curiosity in the churchyard, and the vicinity of Brougham Castle. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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PENRITH
blocks, settlement

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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PENRITH

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
...
THE order in which the Lakes should be visited, if seen in any prescribed order at all, can be pointed out much more easily than satisfactorily. Lancaster and Kendal in the south, Carlisle and Penrith in the north, formerly offered the readiest facilities of access to this Northern Elysium; but since the improvement of steam navigation, Whitehaven and other ports have become equally suitable as starting places. One advantage, however, remains in favour of the old routes, that the direct lines are better, especially for carriages, although to the pedestrian this will not be a matter of any great importance.
Page 131:-
... the market-town of
PENRITH,
Vulgarly called Perith, an ancient, respectable, and well-built town, consisting chiefly of one long street, at the junction of the roads from London and Manchester to Glasgow. The houses, built of stone, are generally plastered and whitewashed. In 1807 the town was much improved by the removal of the market-cross, shambles, and moot-hall; and the south entrance from Appleby has lately been widened and carried by a gentle curve out of the town, instead of by a narrow, crooked, and dangerous road, as it formerly was. The markets and fairs are well attended, and rank high as marts for agricultural produce.
The parish church, dedicated to St. Andrew, ...
Page 132:-
[the] ruins of the Castle are on the west side of the town: ... On the north side of the town is the excellent race-course, ... At the George inn is a spacious assembly-room, and at the Crown a news-room, which, with libraries, form a fund of amusement for the inhabitants.
Above the race-course, on the point of a wood-embowered hill, stands the Beacon, ...
Page 133:-
Many pleasant and picturesque walks are in this neighbourhood; and, within five miles, are Lowther Castle, Brougham Hall, Eden Hall, Dalemain, Greystoke Castle, Hutton Hall, and Ulles Water.

placename:- Penrith
other name:- Perith
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cobbett 1832

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by William Cobbett, 11 Bolt Court, Fleet street, London, 1832.
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Penrith
dot and circle; town

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
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Page 112:-
PENRITH
Is a good market town with 6059 inhabitants. It is a considerable thoroughfare, being situated at the junction of the Yorkshire and Lancashire roads to Carlisle and Glasgow. The principal inns are the Crown and the George. From Penrith to Alston Moor is 20 miles, to Appleby 14, to Carlisle 18, to Kendal by Shap 27, to Keswick 18.
Ullswater may be visited from Penrith, going either by Eamont Bridge and Tirrel, or by Dalemain, to the Inn at Pooley Bridge; with carriages the former road is generally preferred.
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Page 163:-
... From Maryport towards Carlisle, and thence to Penrith, is a large tract of red sandstone of unknown depth. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Perrot 1823

Map, Cumberland, Westmoreland, scale about 38 miles to 1 inch, by Aristide Michel Perrot, engraved by Migneret, 1823, published by Etienne Ledoux, 9 Rue Guenegaud, Paris, France, 1824; published 1824-48.
thumbnail PER2, button to large image
Penrith
circle; town

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Penrith / 283
circle, upright lowercase text; town; distance from London

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY53, button   goto source.
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PENRITH

placename:- Penrith

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
...
Penrith is situated beneath some verdurous heights that stretch from it towards the east; one point of which is decorated with a fancy building, commonly called the Beacon. From this spot is a most interesting view if the adjacent country, and hereon are the annual races of the town. The river Emmont on one side winds amicably along the edge of the town, and on another side the ruins of an antient castle occupy the landscape.
... Like other towns on this great military way, it hath often suffered by the rancourous predatory contentions and ravages of the English and the Scotch. It contains neat modern buildings, and many venerable relics of antiquity, such as fragments of its antient walls, Saxon or other monuments. ...

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
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Penrith / 286

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
Penrith / 281
blocks, upright lowercase text; town, distance from London

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
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Penrith
blocks, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 267-268
Penrith - Crown, Cumberland / At Penrith, on l. a T.R. to Keswick.
market town, post office
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page 269-270
INNS. ... Penrith, Crown, George. ...
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page 281-282
Penrith - Crown, Cumberland / On l. a T.R. to Keswick.
market town, post office
thumbnail C38285, button to large image
page 285-286
INNS. ... Penrith, Crown, George. ...
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page 319-320
To Penrith, p.282
again:-
To Penrith, p.282
market town, post office
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page 735-736
INNS. Penrith, Crown, George. ...

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 173:-
...
... a little way from the confluence of the Eimot and Loder, where is a round fortification called by the inhabitants Arthur's table, stands Penrith, q.d. if derived from the British language, Red Head, or Hill: for the soil and the stones of which it is built are of a red colour; but it is commonly called Perith. It is a small market town of some note, defended on the west by a royal castle, ... has a very handsome church, a spacious market place, with a wooden market house for the use of those who assemble there, adorned with bears and ragged staffs, the arms of the earls of Warwick. It belonged formerly to the bishops of Durham, but bishop Anthony Bec growing insolent through his excessive wealth, Edward I. as we read in the register of Durham "took from him Werk in Tividale, Perith, and the church of Simondburne." For the use, however, of the town, W. Stricland, bishop of Carlisle, of a famous family in these parts, cut, at his own expence, a chanel from Pete-rill, ...

placename:- Penrith
other name:- Perith
person:- : Durham, Bishop of; Bec, Anthony, Bishop
person:- : Edward I
person:- : Stricland, W; Carlisle, Bishop of
person:-
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 188:-
...
"Pereth, a market town by S. 61 miles from Carluel, where is a strong castle of the king's, and stondeth on a litle water by force cut out of Peterel. But Pereth standith not half a mile from the river of Emot and a mile from the town or castel of Burgham, that longeth to the earls of Cumberland. In Perith is one parish church and a grey friary. A castel of the kinges by the town."
Penrith lies in a bottom, the beacon standing on a high hill as you enter the road above which is the course. A fine valley opens to the west as you descend from the Carlisle road into a very long suburb neatly paved. The town is considerable and handsome, having a very large market. ...
Page 189:-
... On the north wall of the vestry without [St Andrew's Church] is this inscription A.D. 1598, ex gravi peste quae regionibus hisce incubuit obierunt apud Penrith 2260, Kendal 2500, Richmond 2200, Carlisle 1160. Posteri avortite vos & vivite. The parish register says the plague broke out at Carlisle October 3, 1597, and raged here from September 22, 1597, to January 5, 1598, and that only 680 persons were buried here: so that Penrith must have been put for the centre of some district. At the little village of Eden hall the register says 42 person died in this year. The plague raged at Penrith 1380, when the Scots breaking in at the time of a fair, carried it home to their own country, where it made dreadful havoc. The wooden market-house is now gone. ...
This town was burnt by the Scots 19 Edward III. and 8 Richard II. Richard III. when duke of Gloucester, lodged in the castle, to check the Scots, and enlarged the works with stones as it is said from Mayboro' before-mentioned.
Dr. Todd derives the name of Penrith from Petriana three miles north of it, out of which, he says, it rose.
At the Conquest the manor of Penrith and the forest of Englewood, in which it is situate, were in the possession of the Scots, who were soon after dispossessed, but kept up their claim to the three counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Northumberland, ... ... William III. gave the honour of Penrith and all its dependances with the appurtenances within the forest of Englewood, whose boundaries may be seen in Burn, III. 522. to William Bentink, afterwards created earl of Portland, and they are still held by his great grandson William Henry duke of Portland.

placename:- Penrith
other name:- Pereth
person:- : Todd, Dr
person:- : Scots
person:- : Richard III; Gloucester, Duke of
person:- : William III
person:- : Bentink, William; Portland, Earl of
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 14:-
...
WE now enter the town of Penrith, remarkable for the neatness of its appearance, if we except the shambles and town-hall; most of the houses being built of red free stone, and covered with those blue slates whose excellence is now well known throughout most towns in the kingdom, though they are generally called, (I know not why) White-slates.
Page 15:-
Though an inland town, there are some very considerable manufactories of checks, which are daily increasing; two common breweries in good employ; two hair-merchants, who, (limited as their business may seem,) are both men of property; and a tannery, where some business is done. Yet as these employ but a small part of the inhabitants, perhaps the manners of no place are more strongly or generally stamped with the marks of ease and peace. Few are rich, but as few miserably poor. Whoever wishes to enjoy a social glass, is seldom at a loss for a companion. A regular Card-Assembly, during the Winter; and small, though agreeable private parties all the year round, furnish the fair sex with ample amusement; whilst two well frequented bowling-greens, afford, during the fine weather, exercise and amusement to such of the males who have no better employment. During the races and assizes [sessions], a more gay and agreeable place cannot be imagined. The more than usually bustle of those times rousing the inhabitants out of that placid dream of existence they at other times enjoy, and animating them to a degree of real mirth and festivity rarely met with in more pompous scenes.
But why not here, as well as any where else, should I pay the tribute due to the general manners of the country? They deserve it. Every reputable farmer in the neighbourhood prides himself upon the goodness of his ale, and is never so happy as when his friends have taken as much of it as they can carry home. The gentlemen are remarked for affability and hospitality. True it is, that, like trees which grow single, every little irregularity has ample room to expand and shew itself; but at the same time, all is pure nature, undisguised by art. To rise still higher; even a Cynic would acknowledge, were he at Graystock, that there is at least one Nobleman who has the art of joining the polish of France to the hospitality of Britain, and whose chief delight is to shew, that true nobility can reside alone in superior worth.
Penrith has an excellent market on Tuesday, and a small one on Saturday. The Tuesday market is likewise a market for live-cattle, both fat and lean, from Lammas till Whitsuntide; but from Whitsuntide till Lammas the cattle-market is held upon the Nolt-Fair. The markets here are disposed in a manner truly astonishing in so small a town: the wheat-market is in one part of the town; rye and potatoes in another; barley in another; oats and pease in another; live-cattle, horses, and hogs have also their distinct markets. The measures here are different in different articles; as there are two customary bushels in use here, one of 80 quarts and another of 64: by the first are sold barley and oats; by the second, wheat, rye, fruit, pease, and potatoes. The second is called the Penrith Bushel, and is double the Winchester measure, and three of the bushels are called a Load.
The average prices of Fish, in this and the neighbouring inland towns is as follows:
Penrith is perhaps the greatest thoroughfare in the North of England: all the Irish [most of the Irish] now crossing the sea at Port-Patrick, and consequently take this in their road to the Metropolis. Should they come by Whitehaven this is still their road: besides, since the improvements of the roads, those who are travelling from Scotland to London generally chuse this road. Another set of never-failing travellers are those whom nature, in opposition to an absurd law, prompts to connubial ties; this way they must come on their road to Gretna-Green; more famous, though less dangerous in our days, for the cure of love-sickness, than the promontory of Leucothoc was in days of yore. Those, likewise, whom a taste for natural beauties impells to visit the Lakes, always consider Penrith as a kind of home in these solitary regions: and the consequence is natural, all the inns here seem to vie with each other in attention, and strain every sinew in making the country as agreeable as possible.

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
thumbnail CLO1, button to large image

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, early; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
PENRITH
image Ws02NY43, button   goto source.
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placename:- Penrith
building/s
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
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Page 167:-
...
PENRITH. [1]
So much is already said of this town, that little remains now to be added here. The situation is pleasant, and open to the south. It is tolerably well built, and rather a genteel than a trading town. The town's people are polite and civil, and the inns commodious and well served.
Saving the few resident families, the life of this town is its being a thorough-fare. For, although seated in the midst of a rich and fruitful country, few manufacturers have been induced to fix here. Before the interest of the sister kingdoms became one, Penrith was a place of uncertain tranquillity, and too precarious for the repose of trade and manual industry; being better circumstanced for a place of arms and military exercise. Yet since this happy change of circumstances, no more than one branch of tanning, and a small manufacture of checks have taken place. This must be owing either to want of attention in people of property, or of
[1] (Bereda, Rav. Chor. Vereda, Anton. Inter.)
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Page 168:-
industry of the inhabitants. The latter is not to be supposed; for the spirit of agriculture, introduced by the gentlemen of the environs, is in as flourishing a way amongst the farmers of this neighbourhood, as in other parts of the kingdom. The superfluities of the market are bought up for Kendal, where much of that produce is wanting which superabounds here.
The most remarkable objects at Penrith, are the beacon, on the summit of the hill above the town, and the awful remains of the royal fortress on the crest of the rising ground that commands the town. ... now no longer terrible, since the border service ceased, and a mutual inter-
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Page 169:-
[inter]course of trade and alliance happily took the place of national reprisals and family feuds.
The antiquity of this town is supposed to be found in its name being of British derivation, from Pen and Rhudd, signifying in that langauge, a red head or hill; and such is the colour of the hill above the town, and the ground and stones round it. But with respect to situation, it may well be derived from Pen, the head, and Ryn, a promontory, and so be referred to the beacon hill. It might however be judged a more honourable etymon to derive the name from Pen, and Rhydd, of Rhyddaw, to make free, and that on account of special service or fidelity to the Roman government, the Britons of this town were emancipated from the abject slavery which the nation in general were subjected to, by their tyrannical masters. This, in their own language, might be Penrhydd, and pronounced by the Britons, as by the Welch at this day, Penrith. However this may be, it has been the happiness of this town to remain a royal franchise through all the ages of feudal servitude; at least ever since the reign of Edward I. without the incumbrance of a charter, and it is now peaceably governed by the steward of the honours, and a free jury. The honours of both town and castle belong to the Duke of Portland.
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Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 200:-
... crossed the Eden and the Eamont with its green vale, and dined at three o'clock with Mrs. Buchanan, at Penrith, on trout and partridge. In the afternoon walked up beacon-hill, ...

other name:- Penrhydd
person:- : Edward I
person:- : Portland, Duke of
person:- : Buchanan, Mrs
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
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PENRITH
blocks on a street plan, labelled in block caps; settlement, market town?; street plan with many buildings

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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Penrith Mar. Twes. / R
blocks, on roads, street plan, town, market, two crosses potent for charity schools, symbol for post stage

placename:- Penrith
market town
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bickham 1753-54 (Cmd)

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
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Penrith
view (sort of)

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1753=1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYL, button   goto source.
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Penrith
Building.

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P183, button   goto source.
...
Penrith, or, as it is usually call'd Perith, which, in the British Language, is a Red Hill, or Head, because the Ground hereabouts, and the Stone of which it is built, are both reddish. It is a large well built Town, and esteem'd the second in the County for Trade and Wealth. The Market-House, which is a great Convenience to the People resorting thither to sell their Goods, is a large Building, beautify'd with Bears climbing up a ragged Staff, the Devise of the Earls of Warwick.
...
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...
In Penrith is a good Market for Corn, and other Commodities, on Tuesdays weekly; but for Cattle a much greater on the same Day once a Fortnight, from Whit-Sunday to August 1. The Fair is on Whit Tuesday; and it is 221 Miles computed, and 283 measured from London.
This Town was possess'd by that Party of Highland Scots Rebels, who made that desperate Push into England, which ended at Preston. In the Moor, or Heath, on the N. Part of the Town, the Militia of the County making a brave Appearance, and infinitely out-numbering the Highlanders, were drawn up; yet with their usual Bravery they run away as soon as the Scots began to advance to charge them, and never fir'd a Gun, leaving the Town at their Mercy: However, to do Justice to the Rebels, they offer'd no Injury to the Town, only quarter'd in it one Night, took what Arms and Ammunition they could find, and advanc'd towards Kendal in Westmoreland.

placename:- Penrith
other name:- Perith
person:- unit : Cumberland Militia
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s
event:- rebellion : 1715 Rebellion

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
Penrith Market Tuesday, Fair Whitsun Tuesday.

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
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Penrith
circle, tower/s, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
Perith, or Penrith, is a handsome market town, populous, well built, and, for an inland town, has a very good share of trade. It was unhappily possessed by the late party of Scots Highland rebels, when they made that desperate push into England, and which ended at Preston; in the moor or heath, on the north part of this town, the militia of the county making a brave appearance, and infinitely out-numbering the Highlanders, were drawn up; yet, with all their bravery, they ran away, as soon as the Scots began to advance to charge them, and never fired a gun at them, leaving the town at their mercy. However, to do justice even to the rebels, they offered no injury to the town, only quartered in it one night, took what arms and ammunition they could find, and advanced towards Kendal.

placename:- Perith
placename:- Penrith
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s
event:- battle : Battle of Penrith Fell

descriptive text:- Bowen 1720 (plate 94)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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Penrith which in the British Tongue signifies Red head, because ye Soil round about it & ye Stone of which it is built are Reddish. The Town is large & well Built, esteemed the Second in the County for Trade. The Church is a very Spacious & Fine Structure, ... In ye Church Yard on ye North Side of ye Church, are 2 large Pillars, ... The West Side of this Town is fortified wth. a Royal Castle. The Market House is a large & Comodious building, Beautifyed with Bears Climbing up a ragged Staff, the device of the Earls of Warwick. Here are 2 Charity Schools, the one for 20 Boys, & the other for 30 Girls, Maintained by 55 pound per Annum, ye endowment of one Mr. Robinson a Citizen of London & ye Sacrament Money & Parish Stock. Weekly Markets Tuesday for Corn &c. & a very great one for Cattle on ye Sam. Day every fortnight from Whitsunday to August [1st]

placename:- Penrith
person:- : Warwick, Earl of
person:- : Robinson, Mr
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
The stones and slatt about Peroth look'd so red that at my entrance into the town thought its buildings were all of brick, but after found it to be the coullour of the stone which I saw in the Quarrys look very red, their slatt is the same which cover their houses; its a pretty large town a good market for cloth that they spinn in the country, hempe and also woollen; its a great market for all sorts of cattle meate corne etc.

placename:- Peroth
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail MRD3Cm, button to large image
Penreth
circle, ?buildings and tower; town

placename:- Penreth
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY52, button to large image
Penrith
Circle, buildings, towers.

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY52, button to large image
Penrith
Circle, buildings, towers.

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
Penreth
circle, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Penreth
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
Penreth
circle, buildings and towers; town

placename:- Penreth
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m005, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96m005, button to large image
In mile 9, Westmoreland.
Crossroads, right:-
to Penrith
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m030, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96m030, button to large image
In mile 30, Cumberland.
Turning right:-
to Penreth

placename:- Penrith
other name:- Penreth
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

John Ogilby's route through the town is not understood. St Andrew's Church is to the right of the road.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m282, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m282, button to large image
In mile 282, Cumberland.
Penrith
a long row of houses each side of the road on a curve, with a church on the left.

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY53, button to large image
Penreth
Buildings and towers, suggestion of a wall, notice ?fence palings, suggestion of a wall, notice ?fence palings; upright lowercase text; market town.

placename:- Penreth
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Jenner 1643

Table of distances and map, Cumberland, now Cumbria, scale about 21 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN4Sq, button to large image
Penreth
dot, circle, red tint

placename:- Penreth
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

source:- Brathwaite 1638

Poem, Drunken Barnaby's Four Journey to the North of England, by Richard Brathwaite, 1638, published 1716-62.
Page 123:-
... [horse fairs] ...
Thence to Pearless Penrith went I,
Which of Merchandize hath plenty.

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1638
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM4, button to large image
Penreth S.E.
upright text, larger place; and tabulated distances; P on thumbnail map

placename:- Penreth
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
Penreth
dot, circle, and tower

placename:- Penreth
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY53, button to large image
Penreth
circle, buildings, towers

placename:- Penreth
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY53, button to large image
Penreth
buildings and towers

placename:- Penreth
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
Penrethe
dot, two circle, tower, tinted red; town

placename:- Penrethe
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Penrith
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY43, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY43, button to large image
Buildings and towers, symbol for a town.
PENRETH

placename:- Penreth
county:- Cumberlandia
town
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY138, button to large image
Itinerary, route 3, London to Edinburgh and Glasgow via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Bowes, Durham; through Brough, Appleby, Westmorland; then Penrith, Carlisle, Longtown, Cumberland; and into Scotland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
pp.36-49 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.37-39.
printed at p.36:-
... / ROUTE III. - LONDON to EDINBURGH and GLASGOW via / BOROUGHBRIDGE and CARLISLE (See Maps 31 to 42.) / Boroughbridge 206 (as per Route I.), Leeming 221 1/2, Catterick 228, Greta Bridge 242 1/2, Bowes 248 1/2, Brough 261 1/2, Appleby 269 3/4, / Penrith 283 1/2, Carlisle 301 1/2, Longtown 310 1/4, Langholm 321 3/4, / Hawick 349 1/2, Selkirk 356, Middleton 379 1/2, Edinburgh 392 1/2. / ...

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.35-36):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY1M2, button to large image
Strip map, road map, part of London to Edinburgh via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Appleby, Westmorland through Penrith to Carlisle, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.35-36 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS. / 35 LONDON TO EDINBURGH, VIA BOROUGHBRIDGE & CARLISLE. 36

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5002, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Preston to Glasgow, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.1-10 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.1:-
ROUTE 37. / PRESTON via Lancaster (21 1/2), Kendal (42 1/2), Shap (58 1/2), Penrith (69), Carlisle (87), Lockerbie (111 1/2), Beattock (125 3/4), Abington (144 1/2), Hamilton (170 1/2) to GLASGOW (182). / (The Land's End to John o' Groats Route.)
thumbnail JS5003, button to large image

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5017, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Preston, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.11-21 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.11:-
ROUTE 37. Reverse / GLASGOW via Hamilton (11 1/2), Abington (37 1/2), Beattock (56 1/4), Lockerbie (70 1/2), Carlisle (95), Penrith (113), Shap (123 1/2), Kendal (139 1/2), Lancaster (160 1/2) to PRESTON (182).

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5083, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 41. reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Doncaster, through Appleby, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.83-84 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.83:-
ROUTE 41. Reverse. / GLASGOW via Carlisle (95), Penrith (113), Appleby (125 1/2), Bowes (146 3/4), Scotch Corner (162 3/4), Boroughbrisge (191 3/4), to DONCASTER (235 1/4).

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
Distances from London
... at 281'5 over Emon-Br. cross Eden flv. to Cumberland, and 5F. farther, to Penrith vulgo Perith of 6F. signifying in British the Red-head, a large and well built T. esteem'd the 2d. of the County, with a fair Church, and in the Church-Yard an old Pyramidal Monument: It has a good Mt. for Corn, &c. on Tuesdays, and a greater for Cattel, every Tuesday fortnight, from Whitsunday to Agust 1st.

placename:- Penrith
other name:- Perith
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1699 map (edn 1712)

Penrith
image OGY7Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail OGY7Cm, button to large image

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1712
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

old map:- Millward and Dickinson 1737

Penrith / 282
miles from London
thumbnail MWD1Cm, button to large image

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1737
period:- 18th century, early; 1730s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
Distances from London
... at 281'5 over Emon-Br. cross Eden flv. to Cumberland, and 5F. farther, to Penrith vulgo Perith of 6F. signifying in British the Red-head, a large and well built T. esteem'd the 2d. of the County, with a fair Church, and in the Church-Yard an old Pyramidal Monument: It has a good Mt. for Corn, &c. on Tuesdays, and a greater for Cattel, every Tuesday fortnight, from Whitsunday to Agust 1st.

placename:- Penrith
other name:- Perith
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1699 map (edn 1712)

Penrith
image OGY7Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail OGY7Cm, button to large image

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1712
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Penrith
circle with two side bars; town

placename:- Penrith
locality:- Leath Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

source:- Gents Mag (1746) (pp.233-235, 300-302)

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
Carlisle Attack'd by the Rebels, 1745
...
Penrith beacon was fir'd as a signal of distress, and the whole country thereupon flock'd southward to its relief. A party of about 120 rebels, which had been driven from Kendal before the rest came up, were intercepted in their flight, and pursued into Orton craigs; but they regain'd their main body, tho' with great difficulty, and after a very close pursuit, one only being taken.
As there were no officers among them, and the people were very ill-arm'd, 'twas judg'd extremely imprudent to hazard an action, especially as the distance of the duke's army could not certainly be known; so they separated to guard the avenues leading to their respective habitations, and left Penrith to shift for itself.
date:- 1745
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s
event:- rebellion : 1745 Rebellion

market notes:- see:- Owen: 1792: New Book of Fairs

see:- : 1889: Market Rights and Tolls: HM Government

see:- Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland

Wednesday market to be held at the royal manor until the king comes of age, granted by Henry III, 16 October 1222.
Market day Tuesday given on Bowen and Kitchin's map, 1760.
Market listed by Owen, 1792.
Market listed by HM Government, 1888.
market town
person:- : Henry III
date:- 1222; 1792; 1888; 1760

old advertisement:- Atkinson 1847 (5th edn 1850)

Guide book, Handbook to the English Lakes, published by Thomas Atkinson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1847; published 1847-53.
thumbnail AK2A12, button to large image
Advertisement for coaches, Thet Helvellyn and The Skiddaw, running between Ambleside and Patterdale, Westmorland, and Penrith, Cumberland, 1850.
At the end of a Handbook to the English Lakes, 5th edn.

placename:- Penrith
date:- 1850
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
thumbnail BGG137, button to large image
Print, engraving, Street Scene, Penrith, Cumberland, by A Haselgrave, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.134 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.
person:- rope manufacturer : Clarkson, J F
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Penrith -- Penrith -- Cumbria / -- inscription, King Street, a sheep and:- -- '1776' -- 4.9.2006

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Penrith -- Penrith -- Cumbria / -- Door lintel. -- NY51433032 (at) -- 2.8.2008

hearsay A market was established here by Henry III, about 1123; Wednesday market and fair from the Eve of Pentecost to the Monday after the Feast of the Holy Trinity.

hearsay At villages round about - Skirsgill, Edenhall, Clifton, Dickie Bank - each of the Sundays in May was known as Shaking Bottle Sunday or Sugar Water Sunday, presumably an old pagan fertility custom.



The custom began to include more common spirits in the water, with cock fighting and wresting too; so a self righteous bishop banned the celebrations, 1824

hearsay Jacob Thompson, eldest son of Merrick Thompson, was born on Langton Street, 1806. His father, a Quaker, was a factory owner who had built Factory Yard, Friargate. Jacob became an artist, exhibiting at Carlisle Academy of Art, and from 1831 at the Royal Academy and the British Institution, London. After living in the south 1834-41, he returned to live at The Hermitage, Hackthorpe, on the estate of Lord Lonsdale. He died there, 1879, and is buried in the churchyard at Lowther.

notes supposed town walls
licence to crenellate 10 April 1346
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6

button   Abbots Bank, Penrith
button   Advertiser Office, Penrith
button   Agricultural Hotel, Penrith
button   Albert Court, Penrith
button   Alma Cottage, Penrith
button   Arches, Penrith
button   Ash Grove, Penrith
button   Bank House, Penrith
button   Barco Hill, Penrith
button   Barco Lodge, Penrith
button   Beacon Bank, Penrith
button   Beacon Hill, Penrith
button   Beacon Plantation, Penrith
button   Beauhill, Penrith
button   Bishop Yards Cottage, Penrith
button   Board and Elbow, Penrith
button   Bowerbank Hall, Penrith
button   Boys National School, Penrith
button   British Legion, Penrith
button   Burrogate division
button   canal, Penrith and Ullswater
button   Candia, Penrith
button   Carleton division
button   Carleton Hall, Penrith
button   Caroline Cottage, Penrith
button   Castle, Penrith
button   Castlegate Turn Pike, Penrith
button   Castletown, Penrith
button   chapel, Penrith (2)
button   chapel, Penrith (3)
button   Christchurch, Penrith
button   clock tower, Penrith
button   Cockell House, Penrith
button   Cold Springs, Penrith
button   Conservative Club, Penrith
button   Corn Market, Penrith
button   Corney House, Penrith
button   Cross Keys, Penrith
button   Crown Inn, Penrith
button   Crozier Lodge, Penrith
button   Dockray division
button   Dockray Lodge, Penrith
button   Dog and Duck, Penrith
button   drinking fountain, Penrith
button   Druids Arms, Penrith
button   Eamont Bridge division
button   engine shed, Penrith
button   Fair Hill, Penrith
button   Fellside, Penrith
button   Fern Bank, Penrith
button   Friarage, Penrith
button   friary, Penrith
button   George Hotel, Penrith
button   Giant's Grave, Penrith
button   Giant's Thumb, Penrith
button   Gloucester Arms, Penrith
button   Granary House, Penrith
button   Grapes, Penrith
button   Grey Bull Inn, Penrith
button   Grey Goat, Penrith
button   Halfway House, Penrith
button   Hawthorn, Penrith
button   Hill House, Penrith
button   house, Penrith
button   house, Penrith (2)
button   house, Penrith (3)
button   house, Penrith (4)
button   house, Penrith (6)
button   Hunter House, Penrith
button   Hutton Hall, Penrith
button   hydrant plate, Penrith
button   hydrant plate, Penrith (2)
button   hydrant plate, Penrith (3)
button   Lark Hall, Penrith
button   London and Glasgow Railway
button   Lonsdale House, Penrith
button   Lowther Arms, Penrith
button   Lowther Gardens, Penrith
button   Lowther House, Penrith
button   Magistrate's Clerks Office, Penrith
button   Mansion House, Penrith
button   Masonic Hall, Penrith
button   meeting house, Penrith
button   Melbourne House, Penrith
button   Middlegate and Sandgate division
button   Mostyn Hall, Penrith
button   Mountain Heritage Trust, Penrith
button   Netherend and Townhead division
button   New Brewery, Penrith
button   North Friarage, Penrith
button   Outwood, Penrith
button   Penrith Beacon, Penrith
button   Penrith Castle, Penrith
button   Penrith Cemetery, Penrith
button   Penrith Fire Station, Penrith
button   Penrith Junction, Penrith
button   Penrith Methodist Church, Penrith
button   Penrith Museum, Penrith
button   Penrith Parish Centre, Penrith
button   Penrith Police Station, Penrith
button   Penrith Station, Penrith
button   Penrith: ACE Fixings
button   Penrith: Albert Street
button   Penrith: Albert Street, 9 to 11
button   Penrith: Albert Street, 12 and 13
button   Penrith: Albert Street, 26 to 29
button   Penrith: Albert Street, 30 to 32
button   Penrith: Angel Lane, 4
button   Penrith: Arnison's
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 19 and 20
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 21
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 30 and 31
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 48 to 50
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 51 to 52
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 53 to 55
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 60
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 61 to 63
button   Penrith: Arthur Street, 65 to 68
button   Penrith: Barclay's Bank
button   Penrith: Beckside Books
button   Penrith: Bensons Row
button   Penrith: Bishop Yards
button   Penrith: Bishop Yards, 1 to 3
button   Penrith: Brunswick Square, 18
button   Penrith: Burrowgate, 45 and 46
button   Penrith: Burrowgate, 54
button   Penrith: Corn Market, 3 to 5
button   Penrith: Corn Market, 8
button   Penrith: Corn Market, 9 to 12
button   Penrith: Corn Market, 24 and 25
button   Penrith: Corn Market, 25a
button   Penrith: Corn Market, 26
button   Penrith: Costas Tapas Bar
button   Penrith: Cowper's
button   Penrith: Crown Square, 1 and 2
button   Penrith: Devonshire Street
button   Penrith: Devonshire Street, 3 and 4
button   Penrith: Devonshire Street, 5 and 6
button   Penrith: Devonshire Street, 11
button   Penrith: Devonshire Street, 12
button   Penrith: Devonshire Street, 13
button   Penrith: Devonshire Street, 23
button   Penrith: Drovers Lane
button   Penrith: Fish Cellar
button   Penrith: Graham's
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 4
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 5 to 7
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 8
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 21
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 23 to 25
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 26
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 36
button   Penrith: Great Dockray, 37 to 39
button   Penrith: Greenfields Heat and Power
button   Penrith: Harrison Granger and Fairer
button   Penrith: HSBC Bank
button   Penrith: King Street
button   Penrith: King Street, 9 and 10
button   Penrith: King Street, 12
button   Penrith: King Street, 19 to 21
button   Penrith: King Street, 26 to 28
button   Penrith: King Street, 30 to 31
button   Penrith: King Street, 41 and 42
button   Penrith: King Street, 43 and 44
button   Penrith: King Street, 46
button   Penrith: King Street, 48 to 52
button   Penrith: Little Dockray
button   Penrith: Little Dockray, 3
button   Penrith: Little Dockray, 8
button   Penrith: Little Dockray, 9 and 10
button   Penrith: Little Dockray, 11 and 12
button   Penrith: Little Dockray, 19 to 21
button   Penrith: Lloyds TSB bank
button   Penrith: Maggie's Bakery
button   Penrith: Market Square
button   Penrith: Meeting House Lane
button   Penrith: Meeting House Lane, 14 to 17
button   Penrith: Middlegate
button   Penrith: Middlegate, 1 and 2
button   Penrith: Middlegate, 6 and 7
button   Penrith: Middlegate, 8
button   Penrith: Middlegate, 11 and 12
button   Penrith: Middlegate, 13 and 14
button   Penrith: Norris's
button   Penrith: Penrith Building Society
button   Penrith: Queen Street
button   Penrith: Queen Street, 7
button   Penrith: Queen Street, 11 and 14
button   Penrith: Queen Street, 17
button   Penrith: Queen Street, 19 to 22
button   Penrith: Queen Street, 24 and 25
button   Penrith: Richardson's
button   Penrith: Roper Street, 1
button   Penrith: Rowcliffe Lane
button   Penrith: Royal Thai Restaurant
button   Penrith: Saddlery
button   Penrith: Sandgate
button   Penrith: Sandgate, 13 to 15
button   Penrith: Sandgate, 16 to 19
button   Penrith: Sands
button   Penrith: St Andrew's Churchyard, 2 to 4
button   Penrith: St Andrew's Churchyard, 8
button   Penrith: St Andrew's Churchyard, 9 and 10
button   Penrith: St Andrew's Churchyard, 11 and 12
button   Penrith: St Andrew's Place, 1
button   Penrith: St Andrew's Square, 1 and 2
button   Penrith: St Andrew's View, 1
button   Penrith: Stricklandgate, 21
button   Penrith: Stricklandgate, 60 to 62
button   Penrith: Stricklandgate, 85 to 87
button   Penrith: Sykes's
button   Penrith: Thornborrow
button   Penrith: Tilly's
button   Penrith: Victoria Road
button   Penrith: Victoria Road, 2
button   Penrith: Victoria Road, 20
button   Penrith: Victoria Road, 31
button   Penrith: Victoria Road, 36
button   Penrith: West Lane, 11 and 12
button   Penrith: Wordsworth Terrace
button   plague stone, Penrith
button   Plumpton Head division
button   Police Museum, Penrith
button   post box, Penrith
button   Potters Lodge, Penrith
button   race course, Penrith
button   Red Coach Restaurant, Penrith
button   Red Stone Inn, Penrith
button   ring of bells, Penrith
button   road, Ambleside to Penrith
button   road, Penrith to Brampton
button   road, Penrith to Hesket Newmarket
button   Robin Hood Inn, Penrith
button   roman road 7d, Cumbria
button   roman road 7e, Cumbria
button   Rowcliffe House, Penrith
button   Rowcliffe Lane, Penrith
button   Royal Hussar Hotel, Penrith
button   Royal, Penrith
button   Rutherford House, Penrith
button   Salutation Hotel, Penrith
button   Scaws, Penrith
button   school, Penrith
button   school, Penrith (2)
button   school, Penrith (3)
button   school, Penrith (4)
button   school, Penrith (5)
button   Scumscaw Farm, Penrith
button   seat, Penrith
button   Shepherd's Hill, Penrith
button   St Andrew, Penrith
button   St Andrew, Thursby
button   St Andrew's Churchyard, Penrith
button   St George's School, Penrith
button   Station Hotel, Penrith
button   Station View House, Penrith
button   station, Beacon Hill
button   station, Penrith
button   Stoneybeck Inn, Penrith
button   Strickland House, Penrith
button   sundial, Penrith
button   sundial, Penrith (2)
button   sundial, Penrith (3)
button   sundial, Penrith (4)
button   telephone box, Penrith
button   Thackagate, Penrith
button   Toll Bar Cottage, Penrith
button   toll gate, Penrith
button   Town Hall, Penrith
button   trig point, NY5162730151
button   trig point, NY5163130154
button   Two Lions Inn, Penrith
button   Tynefield House, Penrith
button   Union Court Brewery, Penrith
button   Union Mills, Penrith
button   United Reformed Church, Penrith
button   Vicarage, Penrith
button   Victoria Cottage, Penrith
button   Villa Bianca, Penrith
button   Virginia, Penrith
button   war memorial, Penrith
button   Warehouse, Penrith
button   water trough, Penrith
button   Waverley Hotel, Penrith
button   White Horse, Penrith
button   White House, Penrith
button   Wolfe, Penrith
button   Woolpack Inn, Penrith

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
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button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University