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placename:- Petteril, River river
parish Hutton parish, once in Cumberland
parish Greystoke parish, once in Cumberland
parish Dacre parish, once in Cumberland
parish Catterlen parish, once in Cumberland
parish Penrith town, once in Cumberland
parish Hesket parish, once in Cumberland
parish St Cuthbert Without parish, once in Cumberland
parish Carlisle city, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
river; boundary; parish boundary
coordinates:- NY4935
10Km square:- NY32
10Km square:- NY42
10Km square:- NY43
10Km square:- NY44
10Km square:- NY45

1Km square NY4935

photograph

Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Storch Bridge. -- NY44543115 (at) -- 14.3.2009
photograph

Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Botcherby Bridge. -- NY41755591 (at) -- 20.10.2013

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY45, button to large image
wiggly line, river
thumbnail GAR2NY44, button to large image
R Petterill
thumbnail GAR2NY43, button to large image
R. Petterill

placename:- Petterill, River
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY44, button to large image
Petteril R.

placename:- Petteril River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P040, button   goto source.
Page 40:-
... the Petterill, which rises near Greystoke; ...

placename:- Petterill, River
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY44, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY44, button to large image
Petterill R.

placename:- Petterill River

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
Petterill R.
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Petterill River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38267, button to large image
page 267-268
Cross the Petteril River.
thumbnail C38283, button to large image
page 283-284
Cross the Petteril River

placename:- Petteril, River
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 173:-
...
... For the use, however, of the town [Penrith], W. Stricland, bishop of Carlisle, of a famous family in these parts, cut, at his own expence, a chanel from Pete-rill ...

placename:- Pete Rill
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 20:-
[Penrith] ... in the year 1748 [1468], Bishop Strickland of Carlisle remedied the former of these wants [water], by purchasing of the owners of certain Mills, (particularly Vaux of Catterlin,) so much of the water of the river Petterell as would flow through the eye of a mill-stone. This he generously, at his own expence, conveyed to Penrith, and the water still continues to flow in the same quantity, and no more. Since the general use of pumps, no town perhaps is better supplied
Page 21:-
with water; scarce any house being so inconsiderable as not to be provided with one of those useful engines.

placename:- Petterell, River
person:- : Carlisle, Bishop of
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 50:-
... Between Penruddock and this village [Motherby] is the head of the river Petteral, ...

placename:- Petteral, River
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY43, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY43, button to large image

placename:- Petterill River
river
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P146, button   goto source.
Page 146:-
... Also, on the banks of the Petteral, ...
image WS21P147, button   goto source.
Page 147:-
... whether the station [roman fort, Old Plumpton ?] took its name from the river, as being upon its banks, and was called the Petriana, or whether the station gave name to the river (which is perhaps the least probable) let him who can determine.

placename:- Petteral
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

The map is confused about the track of the Petteril near Carleton.
New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY32, button to large image
Petterell R.
wiggly line
thumbnail BO18NY45, button to large image
double line with stream lines, into the Eden
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYM, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYM, button to large image
Petterett R.
Wiggly line.
image SMP2NYL, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYL, button to large image
Wiggly line.

placename:- Petterett River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P190, button   goto source.
Upon the Banks of the little River Peterell, lay Plompton-Park, ...
image SMP4P192, button   goto source.
...
The Eden now drawing near the AEstuary receives two little Rivers almost at the same Place, viz. the Peterell and the Caude, which coming from the S. keep all along at almost equal Distance, ...

placename:- Peterell, River
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
Peteril R
tapering wiggly line

placename:- Peteril River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... Carlisle is strong by situation, being almost surrounded with rivers. On the east it has the River Potterell, ...

placename:- Potterell, River
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 232)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B232m65, button to large image
Petterel Flu
Mile 68.

placename:- Petterel Flu.
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail MRD3Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly line
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY44, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY44, button to large image
Petterel River

placename:- Petterel River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 86)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG86m065, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG86m065, button to large image
In mile 68, Cumberland.
Petterel fluv:
drawn across the road.

placename:- Petterel Fluvius
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m297, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m297, button to large image
In mile 300, Cumberland.
River crossed by the road over a bridge.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY45, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY44, button to large image
Pettevell fl.
thumbnail JAN3NY43, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY42, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY32, button to large image
Double wiggly line, tapering to single.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Jenner 1643

Table of distances and map, Cumberland, now Cumbria, scale about 21 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN4Sq, button to large image
wiggly line
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

table of distances:- Simons 1635 -- possibly relevant

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM4, button to large image
on thumbnail map
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 167:-

placename:- Petterell
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY510, button to large image
Petterel fl
River, naiad.

placename:- Petterel Fl.
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW) -- probably relevant

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly line
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY45, button to large image
double line, runs into the Eden
thumbnail SP11NY44, button to large image
Petterell flud
double line

placename:- Petterell flud
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
double wiggly line, tapering to single; river
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
fl [ ]erell
Tributary to the Eden.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image
river

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY45, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY45, button to large image
image Sax9NY32, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY32, button to large image
Petterell flu:

placename:- Petterell Flu.
county:- Cumberlandia
river
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Petterill R.
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Petterill River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0953, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Petteril Trout, by the River Petteril, Cumberland, by Robert Harrington, 1850s.
Three dead trout laid out on a sandy riverbank; behind them dragonflies rest on the leaves of a butterburr plant.
date:- 1850=1859
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0978, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Trees near Botcherby Mill, Carlisle, Cumberland, by John James Hodgson, about 1900.
Summertime; a stand of oak trees on the right bank of a wide river are reflected in its waters. Dusk approaches; there is a faint tinge of pink to the sky above the horizon where hills rise in the misty distance.
signed at bottom left:-
J J HODGSON
date:- 1900
period:- 1900s

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1046, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, On the Petteril, Newbiggin Bridge, Near Carlisle, St Cuthbert Without, Cumberland, by Thomas Bushby, 1888.
Cattle at a shallow river's edge; across centre of composition stretches a stone bridge upon which stands a figure watching them. Wooden poles are fastened across the arches of the bridge to prevent the cattle from straying. Meadows and woodland beyond.
signed & dated at bottom right:-
Thos. Bushby. 1888.
inscribed at reverse on mount:-
On the Petteril, Newbiggin Bridge, Nr. Carlisle. Thos. Bushby. 1891
date:- 1888
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1297, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Sunset, by the River Petteril, Cumberland, by John James Hodgson, about 1904.
Tree beside a river bank surrounded in snow with sunset behind.
date:- 1904
period:- 1900s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Catterlen Bridge. -- NY49683357 (at) -- 4.4.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Middle Bridge, -- NY48953689 (at) -- 2.8.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Plumptonfoot, -- NY48423965 (at) -- 2.8.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Crooks Bridge, -- NY44234809 (at) -- 22.10.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Petterilbank Bridge, -- NY46364270 (at) -- 8.6.2012
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At a ford, -- NY45634371 (at) -- 8.6.2012
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At a ford? -- NY47374172 (at) -- 8.6.2012
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- Up from Calthwaite Bridge. -- NY47504076 (at) -- 8.10.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- Down from Calthwaite Bridge. -- NY47504076 (at) -- 8.10.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- From Kitchenhill Bridge. -- NY49763412 (at) -- 3.2.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- From Kitchenhill Bridge. -- NY49763412 (at) -- 3.2.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- From the bridge at Southwaite. -- 9.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Petteril, River -- Hutton and Greystoke etc -- Cumbria / -- At Wreay Bridge, -- NY44064851 (at) -- 2.3.2010


button   Barrow Mill, Hesket
button   Blencow Bridge, Little Blencow
button   Botcherby Bridge, Botcherby
button   Botcherby Mill, Carlisle
button   bridge, Newton Reigny
button   Calthwaite Bridge, Hesket
button   Calthwaite Wash Pool, Hesket
button   Catterlen Bridge, Catterlen
button   Crooks Bridge, Hesket
button   ford, Hesket
button   ford, Hesket (2)
button   Harraby Bridge, Harraby
button   Kettleside Bridge, Penrith
button   Kitchenhill Bridge, Penrith
button   Laithes Bridge, Laithes
button   Middle Bridge, Hesket
button   Newbiggin Bridge, St Cuthbert Without
button   Newbiggin Old Bridge, St Cuthbert Without
button   Petteril Crooks Mill, Hesket
button   Petterilbank Bridge, Hesket
button   Plumptonfoot Bridge, Hesket
button   Southwaite Bridge, Hesket
button   Storch Bridge, Greystoke
button   Upperby Bridge, Upperby
button   Wooloaks Mill, Hesket
button   Wreay Bridge, St Cuthbert Without

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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