|other name:-||Peel Island|
once in Lancashire
|Guide book, The Tourist's Picturesque Guide to Furness Abbey, the Vicinity, and Lakes Coniston and Windermere, by Henry Barber, published by The Graphotyping Co, 7 Garrick Street and Simpkin, Marshall and Co, Stationers' Hall Court, London, and by J Atkinson, King Street, Ulverston, Cumberland, 5th edn about 1873.|
|period:-||19th century, late; 1870s|
Garnett 1850s-60s H
|Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.|
|period:-||19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s|
Ford 1839 map
The label is misplaced and should be between Walney and
|Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.|
|Pile of Foudry|
|The label lying about in the sea, near no feature.|
|placename:-||Pile of Foudry|
|period:-||19th century, early; 1830s|
|New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.|
West 1784 map
|A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.|
West 1778 (11th edn 1821)
Piel castle is on Piel Island, the surrounding shallows
are the Fouldrey Stones.
|Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.|
|Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769|
|[looking from Lancaster] [Peel-]castle on the isle of Foudry, which lies off its southern extremity. ...|
|placename:-||Isle of Foudry|
|period:-||18th century, late; 1760s|
|To sail into Piel-of-Foudray from the S.; first make the old castle on that Island ... steer ... and steer for the E. side of Piel-of-Foudray Island, giving the S. end of it a birth of a cable's-length; anchor in the bight of the Island, on four fathoms at high-water, a cable's-length from the high-water mark, when the house bears S. by W. where you will ground before low-water: ...|
|period:-||18th century, late; 1770s|
Drayton 1612/1622 text
|Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.|
|placename:-||Pyle of Fouldra|
|period:-||17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s|
|Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.|
|The pyle of foudray|
|placename:-||Pyle of Foudray, The|
|period:-||16th century, late; 1570s|
Once upon a time on occasion, the King of Piel, that is the
landlord of the Ship Inn, carries out a knighting ceremony.
An honoured person is seated in the Abbot's Chair, wearing
oilskins and a viking helmet, and holding a viking sword.
Having read the words of an old charter, the victim, sorry,
the new knight, is annointed with a gallon of beer and then
has the duty of buying a round of drinks for all. He can, in
compensation, claim a free night's lodging whenever he is
shipwrecked on Piel Island.
A 16th century herbal:-
THE HERBALL OR GENERALL Historie of Plantes. Gathered by John Gerarde of London Master in CHIRURGERIE. Imprinted at London by John Norton 1597
includes a description of the barnacle tree, that breeds barnacle geese instead of leavs.
... one of the marvels of this land ...
In the Orkneys and the north of Scotland are
trees whereon do grow certaine shells of a white colour tending to russett, wherein are contained little living creatures: which shells in time of maturitie doe open, and out of them grow those little living things, which falling into the water do become foules, which we call Barnacles; in the North of England, brant Geese; and in Lancashire tree Geese: but the other that do fall upon the land perish and come to nothing
John Gerard claims to have seen with his own eyes, and touched with his own hands, on the Pile of Foulders, Lancashire, timber from wrecked ships on which grow a froth which turns to shells
in shape like those of the Muskle, but sharper pointed, and of a whitish colour; wherein is contained a thing in forme like a lace of silke, finely woven as it were together, of whitish colour, one end whereof is fastned unto the inside of the shell, even as the fish of Oisters and Muskles are; the other ende is made fast unto the belly of a rude masse or lumpe, which in time cometh to the shape and forme of a Bird: when it is perfectly formed, the shell gapeth open, and the first thing that appeareth is the foresaid lace or strinng; next comes the legs of the Birde hanging out and, as it groweth greater, it openeth the shell by degrees, til at length it is all come foorth, and hangeth onely by the bill; in short space after it commeth to full maturitie, and falleth into the sea, where it gathereth feathers, and groweth to a fowle, bigger than a Mallard and lesser than a Goose, having blacke legs and bill or beake.
Gerard, John: 1597: Herball or General History of Plantes: Norton, John (London):: p.1391
|Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008|