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placename:- Red Pike
parish Buttermere parish, once in Cumberland
parish Loweswater parish, once in Cumberland
parish Ennerdale and Kinniside parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
hill
Altitude 2477 feet
coordinates:- NY16051545
10Km square:- NY11

1Km square NY1615

photograph

Red Pike -- Buttermere and Loweswater etc -- Cumbria / -- From low down Honister Pass. -- 24.4.2006
photograph

Red Pike -- Buttermere and Loweswater etc -- Cumbria / -- From NW. -- 17.8.2011

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Plate, opposite p.84:-
thumbnail MNU113, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Lanthwaite Wood Crummock Water, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image:-
1 Whiteless Pike, 2 Honister Crag, 3 Green Gable, 4 Great End, 5 Great Gable / Rannerdale Knott (beneath), 6 Scawfell Pike, 7 Kirkfell / Scarf Gap (below), 8 High Crag, 9 High Stile, 10 Bleaberry Crag, 11 Red Pike, 12 Melbreak.
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM LANTHWAITE WOOD CRUMMOCK WATER.
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.
person:- artist : Aspland, T L
person:- engraver : Banks, W
person:- publisher : Garnett, John
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 85:-
... Red Pike discloses its crater; both being streaked with red and lead-coloured screes, and tracts of bright verdure and darker moss. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Plate, opposite p.93:-
thumbnail MNU114, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Applethwaite near Keswick, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM APPLETHWAITE NEAR KESWICK.
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image:-
1 Wallow Crag, 2 Falcon Crag, 3 Shepherd's Crag / Lowdore below, 4 Glaramara, 5 Brund, 6 Castle Crag, 7 Great End, 8 Scawfell Pike, 9 Catbell, 10, High Stile, 11 Red Pike, 12 Grasmoor, 13 Causey Pike, 14 Melbreak, 15 Grisdale Pike
person:- artist : Aspland, T L
person:- engraver : Banks, W
person:- publisher : Garnett, John
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 179:-
A TABLE OF THE HEIGHTS OF MOUNTAINS IN THE COUNTIES OF CUMBERLAND, WESTMORLAND, AND LANCASHIRE.
No. : Names of Mountains. : Counties. : Height in Feet above the Sea Level.
12 : Red Pike, Buttermere : Cumberland : 2750
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY11, button to large image
Red Pike
Hill hachuring.

placename:- Red Pike
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
... THE Lake district ... consists of large masses or clusters of mountains, generally terminating in one aspiring and pre-eminent point, with the intermediate valleys occupied either by lakes and their subsidiary tarns, or by winding rivers.
The chief nuclei of these clusters are, Skiddaw and Blencathra, Helvellyn, Fairfield, Coniston Old Man, Blackcomb, Scafell, Gable, Red Pike, Grasmoor, Grisdale Pike, and the Langdale Pikes. Many noble and commanding mountains rise around these, rivalling them in height and grandeur, but still
Page iv:-
serving as large buttresses only. In the presentation of endlessly-diversified forms, these Mountains yield to none, however individually inferior they may be, owing to their being seldom seen in a detached point of view; although, on the other hand, they have thus the advantage of forming combinations at once grand and sublime, towering above each other, or rising in ridges, like the mighty billows of the ocean.
Page 178:-
ELEVATION OF THE MOUNTAINS,
ACCORDING TO DIFFERENT AUTHORITIES.

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (4th edn 1830)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
Page 57:-
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Some of the Western Mountains: / as seen from Helvellyn.
Wetherlam / Old Man - Coniston Fell / Carrs, or Scars / Gray Friar / Black Combe / Crinkle Crags / Bowfell / Scawfell Pike / Great-end Crag / Glaramara / Great Gable / Kirkfell / Pillar Fell / Honister and High Crag / High Stile / Dalehead and Red Pike / Robinson / Blake Fell / Witeless Pike / Grasmoor / Ill Crags / Grisedale Pike
Page 115:-
thumbnail O75E06, button to large image
The Mountains South-West of Derwentwater: / as seen from Keswick.
Brund and Glaramara / Esk Hause / Castle Crag and Great End / Scawfell Pike / Gait Crag / Blea Crag / Bull Crag / Cat Bell / Hindscarth / Gold Scalp / Robinson / High Stile / Red Pike / Rawling end / Causey Pike / Sail / Ill Crags / Barrow / Swinside / Coledale Hause / Grisedale Pike
Page 125:-
thumbnail O75E07, button to large image
The Mountains of Crummock and Buttermere: / as seen on the Road between Scale-Hill and Loweswater.
Whiteside / Grasmoor / Witeless Pike / Robinson / Fleetworth / Rannerdale Knot / Hay Stacks and Gable / Cold Kell Wyke / Kirkfell / High Crag / High Stile / Red Pike / Melbreak / Hencomb

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
thumbnail O80E06, button to large image
Engraving, outline view of mountains, Derwent Water from Crow Park, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.10 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.
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Engraving, outline view of mountains, Crummock and Buttermere from the Road near Loweswater Church, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.18 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.
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Engraving, outline view of mountains, Ennerdale from a Field near Kirkland and Salter, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.20 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.
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Engraving, outline view of mountains, A Group of Mountains seen from Helvellyn, looking towards the South West, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.50 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P021, button   goto source.
Page 21:-
image OT2E04, button   goto source.
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image OT01P025, button   goto source.
Page 25:-
image OT2E05, button   goto source.
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Page 63:-
image OT01P063, button   goto source.
image OT2E09, button   goto source.
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...
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Page 126:-
... to the right [of Scarf Gap], three adjoining summits are called High-crag, High-stile, and Red-pike. The two first are composed of what some would call a porphyritic greenstone rock, the third of a reddish sienite: and between the second and third lies Burtness Tarn.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY11, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY11, button to large image

placename:- Red Pike
hill

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
Marked by a tiny circle of hachuring.
image Ws02NY11, button   goto source.
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placename:- Red Pike
hill
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P134, button   goto source.
Page 134:-
Descend the track on the left, and you soon have in sight the highest possible contrast in nature. Four spiral towering mountains, dark, dun, and gloomy at noon-day, rise immediately from the western extremity of the deep narrow dell, and hang over Buttermere. The more southern is, by the dalesmen, from its form, called Hay-rick; the more pyramidal High-crag; the third High-style; and the fourth, from its ferruginous colour, Red-pike. ...
... ...
image WS21P190, button   goto source.
Page 190:-
A TABLE OF THE Height of Mountains and Lakes SEEN IN THIS TOUR, ... TAKEN FROM THE LEVEL OF THE SEA. ... by Mr. John Dalton.
Redpike, near Buttermere ... 950 [yards]
image WS21P293, button   goto source.
Account of Ennerdale, late 18th century
Page 293:-
...
... As he approaches the vale of Ennerdale, ... he will find the rugged scenery of the country gradually refining; and as he winds round the foot of the Pillar, he will discover a vista, which cannot fail to strike the most indifferent observer with astonishment and pleasure.
The mountains which serve to heighten this scene, and enhance its surprise, are Sty-head, Honister-crag, Wastdale, the Pillar, and Red-pike. ...

other name:- Redpike
Altitude 2850 feet
date:- 1760; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Smith 1751

Map of the Black Lead Mines in Cumberland, and area, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by George Smith, published in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1751.
thumbnail GM13b, button to large image
Red pike
knobbly hillocks; mountains

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old print:- Jenkinson 1875

Guide book, A Practical Guide to the English Lake District, by Henry Irwin Jenkinson, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 4th edition 1875.
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Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Helvellyn, Westmorland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Red Pike ...
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Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Scawfell Pike, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Red Pike ...

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1875
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Black 1856

Guide book, Black's Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, or Soho Square, London, 1856 to 1900s onwards.
thumbnail BC08E5, button to large image
Print, lithograph, Outline Views, Buttermere - Mountains as seen from the Knots near the Hotel at Buttermere, and Mountains as seen at the Seat in Lanthwaite Wood, Scale Hill, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1900.
... 11 Red Pike ... 12 Red Pike ...

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1900
period:- 1900s

old print:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
thumbnail MNU113, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Lanthwaite Wood Crummock Water, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Opposite p.84 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers refering to mountains in the image - 1 Whiteless Pike, 2 Honister Crag, 3 Green Gable, 4 Great End, 5 Great Gable / Rannerdale Knott (beneath), 6 Scawfell Pike, 7 Kirkfell / Scarf Gap (below), 8 High Crag, 9 High Stile, 10 Bleaberry Crag, 11 Red Pike, 12 Melbreak.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM LANTHWAITE WOOD CRUMMOCK WATER.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.
thumbnail MNU114, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Applethwaite near Keswick, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Folded in opposite p.93 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers refering to mountains in the image - 1 Wallow Crag, 2 Falcon Crag, 3 Shepherd's Crag / Lowdore below, 4 Glaramara, 5 Brund, 6 Castle Crag, 7 Great End, 8 Scawfell Pike, 9 Catbell, 10, High Stile, 11 Red Pike, 12 Grasmoor, 13 Causey Pike, 14 Melbreak, 15 Grisdale Pike.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM APPLETHWAITE NEAR KESWICK.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.2 no.13)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
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Print, engraving, Loweswater, from Water End, Cumberland, by Thomas Allom, engraved by W Floyd, 1833.
The text description of the view it 'includes the mountains of Blake Fell, Mellbreak, and Red Pike.'
Vol.2 no.13 in Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated, with descriptions by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate, London, about 1835.

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R213, button to large image
Loweswater, from Water End, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by W Floyd, 1833.
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT126, button to large image
Print, engraving, Honister Crag, Buttermere, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.73 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
HONISTER CRAG.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Honister Crag. / The Haycocks. / High Style. / Red Pike. / Hindscarth.

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Barrow 1888

Book, Mountain Ascents in Westmoreland and Cumberland, by John Barrow, published by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, London, 1886-88.
thumbnail BRW1, button to large image
Outline view, engraving? Outline of Mountain Tops as seen from the Keswick Hotel, sketched by John Barrow, published by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, St Dunstan's House, Fetter Lane, Fleet Street, London, 1888.
... Red Pike ...

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1888
period:- 19th century, late; 1880s

old print:- Black 1841 (3rd edn 1846)

Guide book, Black's Picturesque Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Blck, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, 1841 to 1888.
thumbnail BC02E7, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains as seen from The Knots near the Victoria at Buttermere, and Mountains as seen at the Seat in Lanthwaite Wood, Scale Hill, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1846.
... 11 Red Pike ... 12 Red Pike ...

placename:- Red Pike
date:- 1844
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Red Pike -- Buttermere and Loweswater etc -- Cumbria / -- 1.11.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Red Pike -- Buttermere and Loweswater etc -- Cumbria / -- Red Pike, High Stile, High Crag, from Pillar. -- 25.6.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Red Pike -- Buttermere and Loweswater etc -- Cumbria / -- Cairn. -- 17.8.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Red Pike -- Buttermere and Loweswater etc -- Cumbria / -- and Dodd, from SE. -- 17.8.2011

button   trig point, NY1605115463

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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