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placename:- Kendal to Shap
other name:- Shap to Kendal
other name:- A6
parish Kendal parish, once in Westmorland
parish Skelsmergh parish, once in Westmorland
parish Whitwell and Selside parish, once in Westmorland
parish Fawcett Forest parish, once in Westmorland
parish Orton S parish, once in Westmorland
parish Shap Rural parish, once in Westmorland
parish Shap parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
route; road
10Km square:- SD59
10Km square:- NY50
10Km square:- NY51
road code:- Kndl=Shap
suffix:- KtoS

old map:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
thumbnail EJB3KtoS, button to large image
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

source:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
The eastern route from Kendal to Carlisle calls for less detailed description; the scenery is grand but without the lakes to punctuate the long succession of mountains. This is some of the loneliest country in England, a rare place for deep snowdrifts even in winters that are mild elsewhere. The road climbs Shap Fell to a height of 1,400 feet, with a bog at the top and then a descent to Shap village. ...

date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL179, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, The Road over Shap Fell, Westmorland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 302 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
The Road over Shap Fell.
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY51, button to large image
double line, bold light, major road
thumbnail GAR2NY50, button to large image
thumbnail GAR2SD59, button to large image
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02SD59, button to large image
thumbnail FD02NY50, button to large image
K to S 16 Ms.
thumbnail FD02NY51, button to large image
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

source:- Otley 1818

The label is descriptive, not a placename, of the low pass by Whatshaw Common, above Hause Foot, on the old road climbing Shap.
New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY50, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY50, button to large image

placename:- Hause

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
[Kendal] ... another [street] leads by similar distance [half a mile] to cross the river Kent on the eastward, and by means of this latter the post road is continued to Shap. ...
...
The road from Kendal to Shap, after passing the fertile vale of the river Ken, shews a vast succession of wide wastes, mountains, and moors, long vales, and broad hollows, that yield the traveller little amusement after the novelty of the first impression. Seats of the Wakefield's and the Blount's adorn the first part of this track.
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Wd, button to large image
double line, feathered edges; post road?
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38267, button to large image
page 267-268
LONDON, through Manchester and Carlisle, to Port Patrick
part of
thumbnail C38271, button to large image
page 271-272
[PORT PATRICK to Northampton.]
in the reverse route
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road map:- Cary 1790 (Wmd/edn 1792)

Map, Westmoreland, now Cumbria, scale about 11.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, 181 Strand, London, 1790; published 1790-1828.
thumbnail CY16, button to large image
double line, with road distances from Kendal
date:- 1790
period:- 18th century, late; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P173, button   goto source.
Page 173:-
...
... to the village of Shap, a proper place for refreshment, before you face Shap-fells, ... [Shap to Kendal]
image WS21P174, button   goto source.
Page 174:-
a dreary, melancholy tract of twelve miles. On the east side of the road, soon after you leave the village, observe a double range of
image WS21P175, button   goto source.
Page 175:-
huge granites, ... They are supposed to have run quite through the village, and terminated in a point. ...
There is at a small distance to the east from these stones a spring, called Shap-spaw, in smell and taste like that of Harrowgate, and much frequented by the people of the country for scorbutic complaints, and eruptions of the skin. Leaving this gloomy region of black moors and shapeless mountains behind you, you approach a charming vale, which Mr. Young, in his elegant manner, describes thus:
'After crossing this dreary tract, the first appearance of a good country is most exquisitely fine; about three miles from Kendal, you
image WS21P176, button   goto source.
Page 176:-
at once look down from off this desolate country upon one of the finest landscapes in the world; ...
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J55192Z, button to large image
road
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY51SE, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY50NE, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY50SW, button to large image
thumbnail J5SD59NW, button to large image
thumbnail J5SD59SW, button to large image
double line; road, bold, main road, with mile numbers
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Kitchin 1767 (plate 40)

Road book with strip road map maps, Kitchin's Post Chaise Companion, by Thomas Kitchin, published by Robert Sayer, 53 Fleet Street, John Bowles, Cornhill, and Carington Bowles, St Paul's Church Yard, London, 1767.
thumbnail K040KtoS, button to large image
date:- 1767
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY41, button to large image
double line, dotted
thumbnail BO18NY40, button to large image
double line, dotted
thumbnail BO18SD49, button to large image
double line, dotted
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plates 93 and 94)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B094KtoS, button to large image
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Ogilby 1675

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38KtoS, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38KtoS, button to large image
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Speed 1611

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14Mk, button to large image
road N from Cross Bank ie Longpool

date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP4, button to large image
double line; road
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA18, button to large image
double line, solid; main road; Kendal, Spittle, Selside, Kitts How, Hause Foot, Demmings, Shap
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYK, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYK, button to large image
Double line; distance number 13.
image SMP2SDP, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2SDP, button to large image
Double line.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD12, button to large image
double line

county:- Westmorland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- see:- : 1745 (?): : : vol.1: p.389

... On the 16th [December 1745] the Main Body of the Army marched for Shap, but Rear-guards were obliged to stop at a farm [Forest Hall] four miles from Kendal, by Reason that a great many of the carriages and particularly the four-wheeled waggons, in which was Part of the Ammunition, could not be forwarded because of the steepness of the Hill, and the Badness of the Road. But small carriages being got next Day, and the Ammunition being shifted from the broken waggons, they came that night to Shap, being the 17th; the main Body having gone to Penrith that day. ...
date:- 1745
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

photographs
Views N on old road.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY53730062 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY53880069 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54020075 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54080086 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54130098 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54110117 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY55330684 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY55450706 (N) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY56901004 (N) -- 6.10.2006

photographs
Views S on old road.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY56490850 (S) -- 6.10.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY55450706 (S) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY55330684 (S) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54110117 (S) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54130098 (S) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54080086 (S) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY54020075 (S) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY53880069 (S) -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- NY53730062 (S) -- 23.3.2007

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- Waywiser being used to measure along the road. -- 23.6.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- Waywiser. -- 23.6.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- Waywiser. -- 23.6.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal to Shap -- Kendal and Skelsmergh etc -- Cumbria / -- Waywiser, TRUMETER from York Survey Supply Centre. -- 23.6.2008

places
mapping:- Kendal
Watchgate, Skelsmergh
Forest Hall, Fawcett Forest
Hucks Bridge, Fawcett Forest
Shap

route segments
mapping:- Lncs=Crls:m257Lncs=Crls:m262Lncs=Crls:m267

milestones
mapping:- milestone, Skelsmergh (5)
milestone, Skelsmergh (4)
milestone, Gateside
milestone, Selside
milestone, Fawcett Forest (2)
milestone, Fawcett Forest
milestone, Fawcett Forest (3)
milestone, Skelsmergh (2)
milestone, Orton S
-- on old road, not in same sequencemilestone, Skelsmergh
milestone, Skelsmergh (3)
milestone, Shap Rural
milestone, Shap (5)
milestone, Shap (4)
-- not in same sequencemilestone, Shap (3)

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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