button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
place:- Mediobogdum
place:- Hardknott Castle
locality:- Hardknott Pass
locality:- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass
parish Eskdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
roman fort
coordinates:- NY21850147
10Km square:- NY20
Built to control the road between Ambleside and Ravenglass, between 120-138.

1Km square NY2101

photograph

roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- 13.10.2006
photograph

roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- North wall. -- 13.10.2006

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P083, button   goto source.
Page 83:-
... On the west side of the mountain Hardknot, a space of about two acres is encompassed by the remains of a wall, with places of entrance on each of the four sides. There seem to have been towers at the different gates and corners, and several interior erections.
image OT01P108, button   goto source.
Page 108:-
... half way down the hill on the right, are the ruins of a place called Hardknot Castle, described in a former page; but having been built without mortar, or cement, scarcely any part of the walls are left standing.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions) -- presumably relevant

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 180:-
The foundations on Hardknot may have belonged to some chapel or cross, built there as an eminent place. ...

date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 169:-
...
... Hard knott, a very steep mountain, on whose summit were lately discovered huge stones and foundations of a castle, to the astonishment of the beholders, it being so steep as hardly to be ascended. ...
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

text:- Rivet and Smith 1979


placename:- Mediobogdum
other name:- Medibogdo
other name:- Medebogdo

old map:- Unknown 1860

Sketch map, Sketch of the Pass into West Cumberland, ie Hardknott Pass, Eskdale, scale about 25 ins to 1 mile, 1860.
thumbnail M001P, button to large image
date:- 1860
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Stone wall, original up to the line of slates which mark from where restoration has been done. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Stone wall, original up to the line of slates which mark from where restoration has been done. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Turret, north corner. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Horrea; granaries. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Principia; administrative buildings. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Turret, west corner. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- North west gate. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Bath house. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Bath house, laconium. -- 4.6.2013
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- From the south. -- 14.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large roman fort, Hardknott Pass -- Hardknott Pass -- road, Ambleside to Ravenglass -- Eskdale -- Cumbria / -- Herdwick sheep, Brotherilkeld Farm? -- Red stroke over and down both shoulders, red pop on tail head. -- 7.10.2011

references : 1928: Trans CWAAS: series 2 vol.28: pp.314-352
: 1965: Trans CWAAS: series 2 vol.65: pp.169-175

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

button to lakes menu  Lakes Guides menu.

©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
button, online connection  Other projects

button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University