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placename:- Rydal Hall
locality:- Rydal
parish Lakes parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s; garden
coordinates:- NY36550635
10Km square:- NY30

1Km square NY3606

photograph

Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
photograph

Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 7.10.2009 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 26 2)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Rydal Hall
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0864, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Rydal, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0278, button to large image
Photograph, b/w, Rydal from Brow Head, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s?
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY30, button to large image
Hall
Building and park.
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 40:-
...
The road from Ambleside is adorned with beautiful trees, amongst which the Lord's Oak is conspicuous. On the right is Rydal Hall, the large mansion of Lady le Fleming, embosomed in a shady park, on a gently rising eminence at the junction of two vales; behind it, rise the steep and lofty Fairfield, and the ravine of Rydal Head. The Rydal Waterfalls are shown by a domestic; ...
Page 163:-
...
Rydal Hall has been converted into a large staring mansion, from the interesting and picturesque form of the old Westmorland hall. In the grounds are two beautiful cascades, extremely pretty as garden scenes. ...

placename:- Rydal Hall
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P109, button   goto source.
Page 109:-
... among ancient oaks, stands Rydal Hall, the patrimonial residence of Lady le Fleming, who has built and endowed a neat Chapel in the village. ...
person:- : Fleming, Lady le
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38317, button to large image
page 317-318
At Rydal is Rydal Hall, Sir Michael le Fleming, Bart.

placename:- Rydal Hall
person:- : Fleming, Michael le, Sir
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 155:-
...
A mile north of Ambleside, in Gresmere parish, is Ridal hall, a large antient seat of the Flemings, to whom this manor descended from the Lancasters t. Henry IV. The late sir Daniel Fleming communicated many particulars relating to this and the preceding county to bishop Gibson.
The Flemings were originally of Furness in Lancashire, from a younger branch of whom the present family here descended. Sir Daniel was created a baronet about 4 Anne. His 5th son George was bishop of Carlisle, to whom the title descended, but is now enjoyed by his next brother's grandson sir Michael, whose father restored the original orthography of the name le Fleming. Rydal hall is a large old building, erected at different times, and intended to be rebuilt by the present owner. ...

placename:- Ridal Hall
person:- : Fleming Family
person:- : Fleming, Daniel, Sir
person:- : Fleming, Michael le, Sir
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 125:-
...
Rydale ... the hall, with the manor, belongs to Sir Michael le Fleming, Baronet, member of parliament for the county of Westmorland. The hall stands upon a rising ground above the village, and is a beautiful retreat, situated in a pleasant country, and sheltered from the North and East by tall oaks of many hundred years growth; it commands an extensive view of Winandermere, and on a still evening is made yet more delightful by the softened noises of distant water-falls, which the echoes reverberate in an infinite variety of tones. Mr Gray passed this place, like many others, in silence; perhaps he might think that the large old-fashioned fabric, as he calls it, could afford nothing entertaining.
... Rydale-water, ... runs from Rydale-head through Rydale-park, forming two noble cascades, (one of which is near the hall.) ... the hanging gardens of Rydale-Hall add not a little to the view.
...
Page 127 (numbered 126):-
In the 29th year of the reign of Henry the VIII. Lancelot Lowther of Sewborwens was married to Jane, daughter of Hugh Fleming of Rydale. The marriage articles were, that each of the parties should pay for their own wedding cloathes; that the meat, drink, and licence should be at the expence of the said Hugh; and that he, the said Hugh, should give to the new-married couple bedding and inseyghe, as shall stand with his Worship to give; and that the portion should be 66l. 13s. 4d., to be paid at the parish church of Lowther. These articles bear date 30th May, the 29th of Henry VIII.
This family suffered much by Oliver Cromwell's party, every thing valuable being taken from Rydale-Hall, and the building almost torn to pieces in searching for hidden treasure; the estate also confiscated, as they were Roman Catholics till the reign of James the II. At that time Sir Daniel Fleming became a Protestant, and was elected member of parliament for Cockermouth; where, as he himself says, was a strong contest, yet his expences only amounted to twenty pounds. Elections are surely very different now, for I question but a contest there in the year 1769 cost each of the contending parties at least L.50,000.
There was a charter obtained of Edward the I. for a park here, but there are now no deer in it, they having been destroyed during the time the estate was confiscated, and since not stocked.

placename:- Rydale Hall
person:- : Fleming, Michael le, Sir
person:- : Fleming, Daniel, Sir
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ambleside to Keswick)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL9NY30T, button to large image
Rydale hall / Sir Michael le Fleming Bart.

placename:- Rydale Hall
person:- : Fleming, Michael le, Sir
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY30, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY30, button to large image

placename:- Rydal Hall
house
county:- Westmorland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Win/Ble) -- probably relevant

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT09Vgn1, button to large image
Rydal old hall Sir Michael le Fleming Bart. / Situate 2 Miles North of Waterhead.

placename:- Rydal Old Hall
person:- : Fleming, Michael le, Sir
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P079, button   goto source.
Page 79:-
...
Rydal-hall [2] has a grand situation, at the feet of stupendous mountains (opening to
[2] Sir Michael le Fleming lately made a new front to Rydal-hall, in good style, which gives it a very interesting appearance.
image WS21P080, button   goto source.
Page 80:-
the south, at the entrance of the vale, over a noble fore-ground), and commands a charming view of Windermere-water [1]. The river Rothay winds through the vale, amidst lofty rocks and hanging woods, to join the lake. ...
[1] The style of this landscape will be seen in No.15, of Mr. Farrington's views.
image WS21P211, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 211:-
...
... just to the left of our way, stands Rydal-hall, the family seat of Sir Michael le Fleming, a large old-fashioned fabric, rounded with wood. Sir Michael is now on his travels, and all this timber, far and wide, belongs to him. Near the house rises a huge crag, called Rydal-head,
image WS21P232, button   goto source.
Rev Plumtre's Night Piece on Windermere, 1797
Page 232:-
[the Rothay] ... / You, murmuring, in the valley gleam; / And, at the neighbouring water's fall, / Pass your Fleming's stately hall; / ...
person:- : Fleming, Michael le, Sir
date:- 1769; 1778; 1797
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s; 1790s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY30NE, button to large image
Sr. Michael Fleming
house and outline with fence palings; park, wooded
county:- Westmorland
person:- : Fleming, Michael, Sir
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18SD29, button to large image
Rydal Hall and Park
circle, tower, outline of fence palings, trees

placename:- Rydal Hall
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B260m10, button to large image
At mile 14-15.

placename:- Ridal Hall
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m010, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96m010, button to large image
In mile 14, Westmerland.
Ridale hall
house up a turning right of the road.

placename:- Ridale Hall
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
RYDAL HALL / / / LAKES / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 452647 / NY3655306354
courtesy of English Heritage
C16 core, the east end of north east wing late C17, the rest C18 and with early C19 main front. 2 storeys. Cement-rendered, with stone quoins, moulded architraves, cornice, balustraded parapet, panelled chimneys. Main (garden) front is 3 storeys, with a large centre bow the full height, the ground floor windows having cornices on scroll brackets. For group notes see General group description under Rydal.

placename:- Rydal Hall
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- NY36550635
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
BRIDGE OVER RYDAL BECK IN GROUNDS OF RYDAL HALL / / / LAKES / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 452650 / NY3665706319
courtesy of English Heritage
Below the terraces, at the east end of the front garden. Stone rubble, single segmental arch, late C17.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- bridge
coordinates:- NY36650631
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
SUMMER HOUSE IN GROUNDS OF RYDAL HALL / / / LAKES / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 452651 / NY3664206334
courtesy of English Heritage
Beside the bridge, on west bank of the beck. Snmll square building, late C17, former panelling removed.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- summer house
coordinates:- NY36640633
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
BARNS, STABLES ETC TO NORTH AND EAST OF RYDAL HALL / / / LAKES / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 452649 / NY3662606377
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- barn; stable
coordinates:- NY36620637
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
GAME LARDER IN GROUNDS OF RYDAL HALL / / / LAKES / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 452652 / NY3658506422
courtesy of English Heritage
On west bank of Rydal Beck above the barns. Small square stone substructure with external stairs up to wooden superstructure with gable.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- NY36580642
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
TERRACES TO SOUTH OF RYDAL HALL / / / LAKES / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 452648 / NY3656106317
courtesy of English Heritage
Include balustraded terrace, steps down to lower terrace, and surrounding balustrade.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- NY36560631
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R314, button to large image
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

notes Gardens were designed by Thomas H Mawson about 1909, for Stanley H le Fleming. Balustrades and urn etc were cast on site using Portland cement with sand and gravel dredged from Windermere. The moulds still exist at the house. The castings have not lasted well.
The gardens were restored and reopened 2007.
Waymark, Janet: 2009: Thomas Mawson, Life, Gardens and Landscapes: Lincoln, Francis (London)
Longville, Tim & Corbett, Val (photr): 2007: Gardens of the Lake District: Lincoln, Frances (London)
: 2012: Cumbria Gardens 2012: National Gardens Scheme

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 17.2.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms in the garden. -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- Croquet lawn. -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- Inscribed by Mary Rose leFleming Leversedge, New Zealand, descendant of the Fleming Family, 1987. -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal Hall -- Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- Game larder, -- NY36570647 (about) -- 31.10.2008 -- courtesy of Rydal Hall

hearsay The gardens were laid out by Thomas Mawson, Windermere, finished in 1910. Restored 1990s.

button   bridge, Rydal (2)
button   bridge, Rydal (3)
button   bridge, Rydal (4)
button   Grotto, Rydal
button   High Fall, Rydal
button   icehouse, Rydal Hall
button   Low Fall, Rydal
button   Rydal Hall Chestnut, Rydal

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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