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place:- salt spring, Borrowdale
locality:- Manesty
parish Borrowdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
spring; well; salt spring
coordinates:- NY25171847
10Km square:- NY21

1Km square NY2518

photograph

salt spring, Borrowdale -- Manesty -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 25.9.2009
photograph

salt spring, Borrowdale -- Manesty -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 25.9.2009

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 70 1) -- probably relevant

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Salt Well
well
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P154, button   goto source.
Page 154:-
... A salt spring near the Grange in Borrowdale, has anciently been in some repute for its medicinal qualities; another has been more recently discovered in working a lead mine near Derwent Lake. They both issue from veins in this rock, but their source remains unknown.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 83:-
... Below this house [Manesty] is Borrowdale-well, a medical water of excellent quality, and was formerly much frequented; it is a never failing cure for cutaneous eruptions in man or beast, by washing only. I attended it several years, (but not of late) on account of rheumatic pains in my left shoulder, about mid-summer, five or six years successively: It so cured me that I have not had the slightest touch of it these twelve years past.
The water is strongly saline, but the want of convenience for lodgers makes it little frequented. It rises out of a dead flat through a spar-rock adjoining to a peat-moss, whereon grows the plant called Gale, which curious plant is found on almost every moss in this country.
The water tastes very like sea-water, is very clear and pellucid; but a kind of moss seems to arise with it, and remain upon the top like a scum. I could wish that some of our medical Gentlemen, who are not employed in inventing or defending useless theories, would describe its qualities; I cannot, as it is out of my line. I therefore speak only what I have seen and experienced.

placename:- Borrowdale Well
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Der)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL152518, button to large image
SPAW or BORROWDALE WELL
building?

placename:- Spaw Well
other name:- Borrowdale Well
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Der)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT2NY21N, button to large image
Salt Spring / Mr. Banks's
spring; salt spring
person:- : Banks, Mr
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P094, button   goto source.
Page 94:-
... The Grange was the place where they laid up their [monks of Furness] grain and their tithe, and also the salt they made at the salt spring, of which works there are still some vestiges remaining, below Grange.
...
image WS21P114, button   goto source.
Page 114:-
[Mr Pennant's description] ...
'... Borrowdale ... a salt-spring, once the property of the monks of Furness, trickles along the shore; ...
locality:- Grange
person:- : Pennant, Thomas
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large salt spring, Borrowdale -- Manesty -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 25.9.2009

hearsay Mentioned in:-
Short, Thomas: 1740: History of Mineral Waters
on page 85:-
Barrowdale Well, near Grange, three miles from Keswick in Cumberland, it lies in a Level near a Moss; it was found at first by Miners digging in Quest of Ore, and springs out of the hard blewstone which constitutes all those dreadful Mountains, and terrible precipices called Fells. Being a kind of Lapis scissilis, is pretty solid of a blewish Colour, and much of it bear a pretty good Gloss in polishing. It's a rough, severe purge to strong Consitutions, heats the Body much excites a Thirst, being a mere Brine of inland Salt, so strong as it would well bear the Expence of a Salt work there, for scarce a 22d part of the German Ocean is Salt, but a 16 of this is pure Salt, and might be brought to a much richer Brine, were the freshes made out of it, which drain into it at present, being a kind of pond; there grows no Grass as far as this water reaches. ... But however harsh a vomit and Purge Barrowdale Well is, it wants not it's Customers and Admirers, and indeed in Dropsical, cacochymic, cachetic, disorders; foulness of the Stomach, slipperyness of the Bowels from Relaxations, or much Mucus, some icteritious disorders, it is of Service to several. ...

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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