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placename:- Stake Pass
parish Borrowdale parish, once in Cumberland
parish Lakes parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
pass
Altitude 1575 feet; 480m
coordinates:- NY26530869
10Km square:- NY20

1Km square NY2608

photograph

Stake Pass -- Borrowdale and Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 11.11.2009

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 18 13)

OS County Series (Wmd 25 1)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Stake Pass
pass
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 145:-
...
The top of the Stake Pass is five miles and a-half from Rosthwaite. The last house,- Stonethwaite,- is left behind at the end of a mile. The path follows, and at length crosses, the stream, which is the infant Derwent,- finding its way down from Angle Tarn, lying high up in a recess of Bowfell. The rocky mass of Eagle Crag rises on the left; and further on, the curious stone called Black Cap. At the top of the Stake, the guide (who may be had from the inn at Rosthwaite) will point out the great summits,- the Scawfell Pikes, Bowfell, Hanging Knotts and Great Gable. Half a-mile of moorland leads to the descent on the Langdale side; a zigzag path which keeps near the stream that dashes down into Langdale. The
Page 146:-
traveller is under the shadow of Bowfell now, and in the very centre of the mountains. Four miles from the top of the Stake will bring him down to Langdale Head; and two miles more, to the farmhouse of Milbeck.
person:- mountain guide
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY20, button to large image
The Stake
pass, between hachures

placename:- Stake, The
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY20, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY20, button to large image

placename:- Stake
pass

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY21, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY21, button to large image

placename:- Stake
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P101, button   goto source.
Page 101:-
Whoever chooses an Alpine journey of a very extraordinary nature, may return thro' Borrowdale to Ambleside, or Hawkshead.- A guide will be necessary from Rosthwaite, over the Stake of Borrowdale (a steep mountain so called) to Langdale Chapel. This ride is the wildest that can be imagined, for the space of eight miles [1]. Above the culti-
[1] Every part of nature has something to recommend it to the observation of the susceptible and ingenious. A walk or ride, on the summits of mountains, will afford a species of ideas, which, though often neither of the social or luxuriant kind, will, nevertheless, greatly affect and entertain. The large unvariegated features of these hills, their elevation, and even their desolate appearance, are all sources of the sublime. ...
image WS21P102, button   goto source.
Page 102:-
[culti]vated tract the dale narrows, but the skirts of the mountains are covered with the sweetest
image WS21P103, button   goto source.
Page 103:-
verdure, and have once waved with aged wood. Many large roots still remain, with some scattered trees.
Just where the road begins to ascend the Stake, are said to be the remains of a bloomery, close by the water-fall on the left; but no tradition relates at what time it was last worked. This I could never verify from any visible remains. The mineral was found in the mountain, and the wood used in smelting had covered their steep sides. The masses of iron found on Castle-crag were probably smelted here. Cataracts and water-falls abound on all sides. A succession of water-falls will meet you on the ascent up the Stake, and others will accompany you down the most dreadful descent in Langdale. The scenes on the Borrowdale side are in part sylvan
image WS21P104, button   goto source.
Page 104:-
and pastoral, on the side of Langdale entirely rocky. The Stake exhibits a miniature of very bad Alpine road, across a mountain, just not perpendicular, and about five miles over. The road makes many traverses so close, that at every flexture it seems almost to return into itself, and such as are advancing in different traverses, appear to go different ways. In descending the Stake, on the Langdale side, a cataract accompanies you on the left, with all the horrors of a precipice. Langdale-pike, called Pike-a-Stickle, and Steel-pike, is an accessible pyramidal rock, and commands the whole. Here nature seems to have discharged all her useless load of matter and rock, when form was first impressed on chaos. Pavey-ark is a hanging rock 600 feet in height, and under it is Stickle-tarn, a large bason of water, formed in the bosom of the rock, and which pours down in a cataract at Mill-beck. Below this, White-gill-crag opens to the centre, a dreadful yawning fissure. Beyond Langdale chapel the vale becomes more pleasing, and the road is good to Ambleside or Hawkshead, by Scalewith-bridge.

placename:- Stake of Borrowdale
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old print:- MacBride 1922

Wild Lakeland, by MacKenzie MacBride illustrated by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 1922-28.
thumbnail MB0109, button to large image
Print, colour, Stake Pass and Bowfell, by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, 4-6 Soho Square, London, 2nd edn 1928.
Tipped in opposite p.44 in Wild Lakeland by MacKenzie MacBride.
printed at bottom:-
STAKE PASS AND BOWFELL
signed at lower right:-
A. HEATON COOPER

placename:- Stake Pass
date:- 1922
period:- 1920s

old print:- Garnett 1850s-60s A

Guide to the English Lake District, by a Cambridge Man, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 2nd edn 1860s?
thumbnail GAR6E2, button to large image
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 1860s; 1850s

old print:- Barber and Atkinson 1927

Guide book, Lakeland Passes, by John B Barber and George Atkinson, published by James Atkinson, Caxton Printing Works, Ulverston, Lancashire, 3rd edn 1928.
thumbnail AK0411, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Top of Stake Pass, Borrowdale, Cumberland, by E H Atkinson, published by James Atkinson, Caxton Printing Works, Ulverston, Lancashire, 1928.
Tipped in opposite p.57 of Lakeland Passes, by John B Barber and George Atkinson, 1927, 3rd edn 1928.
printed at bottom:-
Photo E. H. Atkinson.) Top of Stake Pass looking down Langstrath. (To face plage 57.

placename:- Stake Pass
date:- 1927
period:- 1920s

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Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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