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placename:- Styhead Tarn
locality:- Stye, The
parish Borrowdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
lake
coordinates:- NY221098
10Km square:- NY20

1Km square NY2209

photograph

Styhead Tarn -- Stye, The -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 14.9.2009
photograph

Styhead Tarn -- Stye, The -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 20.5.2008

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0344, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Sty Head, Nether Wasdale and Borrowdale, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s?
Looking across Styhead Tarn down to Derwent Water.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 152:-
... the little clear rippling lake, where the mountaineer throws himself down to rest on the bank, when heated by the ascent from the vales. He has found
Page 153:-
everything sunny and dry, perhaps; but here he sees, by the minute diamond drops resting thick on the grass, that a cloud has lately stooped from its course, and refreshed the verdure in this retreat. It looks very tempting - this bright sheet of water; but no creature now comes to drink, unless a sheep may have strayed far from the flock, and in its terror may yet venture to stoop to the water, with many a start and interval of listening, till, at the faint sound of the distant sheep dog, it bounds away. The solitude is almost equally impressive whether the traveller comes up from the one dale or the other; ... The rill from Sprinkling Tarn is close by, and it leads to this Sty Head Tarn, where the boars used to come to drink. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY21, button to large image
Styhead T.
outline with shore form lines, lake or tarn

placename:- Styhead Tarn
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY21, button to large image
Sparkling Tarn
Outline?

placename:- Sparkling Tarn
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P037, button   goto source.
Page 37:-
... Sty-head Tarn, in some maps called Sparkling Tarn, lies about three quarters of a mile below the last, near the road to Wasdale. The water, which it receives from Sprinkling Tarn, seems to have been deprived of its nutritive qualities; as its fish are of a very inferior kind. The stream running from thence towards Seathwaite, has some fine frothy breaks, and one grand waterfall, before it reaches the bottom of [the vale.]

placename:- Styhead Tarn
other name:- Sparkling Tarn
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Fielding and Walton 1821 (plate 27)

Set of prints, Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes, illustrated with hand coloured aquatints by Theodore Henry Fielding and John Walton, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
thumbnail FW0127, button to large image
Print, coloured aquatint, Sty Head Tarn, Top of Sty Head, Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn by Theodore H A Fielding, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
Tipped in opposite p.193 in A Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes.

placename:- Sty Head Tarn
date:- 1821
period:- 19th century, early

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY20, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY20, button to large image
Drawn at:-
Sty Hd.
lake

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY20, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY20, button to large image

placename:- Sparkling Tarn
lake
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Donald 1774

Map, engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
Outline with form lines at:-
Stye Head
labelled:-
Sparkling Tarn

placename:- Sparkling Tarn
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old text:- Miller 1847

Report on the Fall of Rain in the Lake Districts of Cumberland and Westmoreland in 1846, by John Fletcher Miller, printed by G Irwin, Lowther Street, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1847.
Page 4:-
Note. The Lake district Gauges are five inches in diameter; they are all of the same construction, and are elevated about eighteen inches above the surface. The funnel rims are of stout sheet brass, so that the apertures cannot readily lose their circular form. The Metres were all made by Bate of the Poultry, London. - The Rain is read off daily at 9 A.M.
...
Page 8:-
thumbnail MI02Tab3, button to large image
Page 9:-
REMARKS ON MOUNTAIN GAUGES.
The Mountain Gauges are on pretty much the same construction as those in the vallies, but the receivers are much more capacious, being calculated to hold nearly 80 inches of Rain.
...
... The Gauge near Stye Head Tarn, is on the Shoulder of Great Gabel, at the eastern extremity of the vale: ...
... the whole of the instruments are freely exposed to the action of wind and rain, from almost every point of the compass.
...

placename:- Stye Head Tarn
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

old print:- Jenkinson 1875

Guide book, A Practical Guide to the English Lake District, by Henry Irwin Jenkinson, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 4th edition 1875.
thumbnail Jk01E3, button to large image
Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Scawfell Pike, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Sty Head Tarn ...

placename:- Sty Head Tarn
date:- 1875
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R271, button to large image
Sty Head Tarn, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by A le Petit, 1833.

placename:- Sty Head Tarn
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Tattersall 1836 (version 1869)

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT213, button to large image
Print, hand coloured, Stye Head Tarn, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, 1836, engraved by W F Topham, published by T J Allman, 463 Oxford Street, London, 1869.
Included in The Lakes of England, by W F Topham.
printed at bottom:-
STYE HEAD TARN.
printed at bottom:-
Stye Head. / Great End. / Scawfell Pike. / Lingmell. / Great Gavel.

placename:- Stye Head Tarn
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT131, button to large image
Print, engraving, Stye Head Tarn, Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.78 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
STYE HEAD TARN. / London Pubd. April 15th. 1836, by Sherwood & Co.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Stye Head. / Great End. / Scawfell Pikes. / Lingmell. / Great Gavel.

placename:- Stye Head Tarn
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Prior 1865

Guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
thumbnail PI0106, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Sty Head Tarn, Scafell Pike, and Scafell, in Borrowdale and in Eskdale, Cumberland, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
Included on page 39 of the guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior.
printed at bottom:-
STY HEAD TARN, SCAFELL PIKE, AND SCAFELL.

placename:- Sty Head Tarn
date:- 1865
period:- 19th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Styhead Tarn -- Stye, The -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 14.9.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Styhead Tarn -- Stye, The -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 12.5.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Styhead Tarn -- Stye, The -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 12.5.2009

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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