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placename:- Thirlmere
other name:- Thirlmere Reservoir
other name:- Leathes Water
other name:- Wythburn Water
parish St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
lake
coordinates:- NY313160
10Km square:- NY31
place code:- Thi

1Km square NY3116

photograph

Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- Looking south. -- 25.12.2005
photograph

Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- From Helvellyn. -- 9.7.2009

source:- OS County Series (Cmd 70)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Sur.of Water 5[33].2
coordinates:- NY310168
date:- 1867=1868
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

descriptive text:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
... the long-shaped lake of Thirlmere, at the approach to which is Wythburn village. Close at hand on the right mighty Helvellyn ... Thirlmere now serves as a reservoir for Manchester's water supply. Our road runs close beside the lake for its entire length, ...

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old map (vignette):- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
thumbnail EJB3Vg40, button to large image
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

text:- Mason 1907 (edn 1930)

Page 21:-
...
Coming down from Helvellyn, we are again in a "smiling valley," with its beautiful lake - Thirlmere this time, water from which is brought all the way to Manchester.
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

thumbnail HC0157, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Raven Crag, Thirlmere, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.166 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
RAVEN CRAG, THIRLMERE
printed at signed lower right:-
[A HEATON COOPER]

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

thumbnail HC0158, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Thirlmere and Helvellyn, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.168 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
THIRLMERE AND HELVELLYN
printed at signed lower left:-
[A HEATON COOPER]

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL162, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Thirlmere, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 242 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower right:-
Joseph Pennell
printed at bottom:-
Thirlmere.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL164, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, On Thirlmere, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 247 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
On Thirlmere.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW302, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Head of Thirlmere and Dunmail Raise, Cumberland, by Meisenbach, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.36 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.
printed at bottom:-
HEAD OF THIRLMERE AND DUNMAIL RAISE
printed at lower right:-
Meisenbach

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW303, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, View of Thirlmere, showing Ford and Celtic Bridge across Lake, Cumberland, by Meisenbach, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.38 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.
printed at bottom:-
VIEW OF THIRLMERE, SHOWING FORD AND CELTIC BRIDGE
printed at lower left:-
Meisenbach

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late

bar chart:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW305, button to large image
Bar chart, lithograph print, rainfall at Longdendale, Lancashire and at Thirlmere, Cumberland, 1891, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.42 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1891
period:- 19th century, late

bar chart:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW306, button to large image
Bar chart, lithograph print, rainfall at Longdendale, Lancashire and at Thirlmere, Cumberland, 1892, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.42 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late

bar chart:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW307, button to large image
Bar chart, lithograph print, rainfall at Longdendale, Lancashire and at Thirlmere, Cumberland, 1893, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.42 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1893
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW309, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Thirlmere looking North, Box Holme Island, and Raven Crag, Cumberland, probably by Meisenbach, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.58 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE (LOOKING NORTH), BOX HOLME ISLAND, AND RAVEN CRAG.
printed at lower right:-
M

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW310, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Thirlmere and Helvellyn from Smaithwaite, Cumberland, probably by Meisenbach, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.60 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE AND HELVELLYN FROM SMAITHWAITE.
printed at lower right:-
M

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW311, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Site of Eastern Embankment, Thirlmere, Cumberland, by Meisenbach, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.104 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.
printed at bottom:-
SITE OF EASTERN EMBANKMENT.
printed at lower left:-
Meisenbach

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Harwood 1895

thumbnail HRW313, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Embankment at Lake Thirlmere, the dam, Thirlmere, Cumberland, by Meisenbach, published by Henry Blacklock and Co, Albert Square, Manchester, 1895.
Tipped in opposite p.152 of the History and Description of the Thirlmere Water Scheme, by Sir John James Harwood.
printed at bottom:-
EMBANKMENT AT LAKE THIRLMERE.
printed at lower left:-
Meisenbach

placename:- Lake Thirlmere
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late

guide book:- Philip/Wilson 1890s

Written after the conversion of the lake to a reservoir:-
Formerly it was barely 3 miles in length, now it is 3 5/8 miles. It was about 1/4 of a mile broad, but so narrowed at one point that it was crossed by three successive foot-bridges,- a conspicuus feature in all old views of the Lake. Now that the water has been raised 20 feet the bridge has disappeared, ...

date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Bemrose 1881

thumbnail BEM117, button to large image
Print, uncoloured, Thirlmere, Cumberland, published by Bemrose and Sons, 23 Old Bailey, London and Derby, by A B Moss, Carlisle, Cumberland, and by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, about 1881.
On p.62 of a Handy Guide to the English Lakes and Shap Spa.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1881
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0916, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere, looking south, before flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
stamped at reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0917, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere, looking south, before flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0918, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere, looking north, before flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0919, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere, looking north from the Rocking Stone, before flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0920, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Thirlmere and Raven Crag? St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0951, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Helvellyn and Thirlmere, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s?
printed at bottom:-
Herbert Bell, Ambleside / HELVELLYN AND THIRLMERE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0735, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Thirlmere, the island? St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0734, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, head of Thirlmere, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0732, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Thirlmere, from near Wath Bridge, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0727, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere from the Rocking Stone, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0726, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Thirlmere looking past Helvellyn, before flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0725, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere looking past Helvellyn, after flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0724, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere, looking towards Saddleback, after flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0723, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere, looking towards Saddleback, before flooding, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0722, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Thirlmere looking past Helvellyn, before flooding? St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0276, button to large image
Photograph, b/w, Thirlmere looking north, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s?
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 69:-
[Thirlmere] known by the various names of Wythburn Water, Leathes Water, and Thirlmere. ...

placename:- Wythburn Water
other name:- Leathes Water
other name:- Thirlmere
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 180:-
A TABLE OF THE LENGTH, BREADTH, AND DEPTH OF THE LAKES.
No. : Names of Lakes. : Counties : Length in Miles. : Extreme breadth in Miles : Extreme depth in Feet : Height above the Sea
17 : Thirlmere : Cumberland : 2¾ : ½ : 108 : 473
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY31, button to large image
THIRL MERE
outline with shore form lines, lake or tarn

placename:- Thirl Mere
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Wyld 1847

Map of the English Lake District, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, engraved by James Wyld, Charing Cross East, London, in Sylvan's Pictorial Handbook to the English Lakes, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, T Johnstone, Edinburgh, etc, 1847.
thumbnail WLD3M2, button to large image
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE, DERWENTWATER, / AND BASSENTHWAITE LAKES.

placename:- Thirlmere Lake
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY31, button to large image
Thirle Water
Outline with form lines.

placename:- Thirle Water
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 47:-
...
LEATHES WATER.
The [Horse Head] inn is a mile from the head of the lake, which is known by the several names of Leathes Water, Thirlmere, Wythburn Water, and Brackmere. It is about three miles in length, though rarely exceeding a quarter of a mile in breadth; the depth is not above eighteen fathoms, and its waters, which are the most elevated of any, are not remarkable for clearness. Pike, trout, and perch, are the chief fish. It is nearly equally divided by two promontories, connected by a series of wooden bridges and stone causeways at a place where it is fordable. The lower half, containing a small island, presents the most beautiful views; the upper part being more remarkable for wildness and sublimity. Tourists are generally content with
Page 48:-
a sight of this lake from the high road, but the western side ought not on any account to be passed by without a perambulation. This mere is fed by two streams; the main one rising in Wythburn Head; the other, not much inferior, pours down a rocky gill, after issuing out of Harrop Tarn, a marshy water of considerable size, situated at the foot of a precipice, in a coom on the western side of the valley.
In order to see this vale from its western side, cross the meadows from the inn to a few white cottages, enlivened by the green leaves of the cheerful hollin tree, called the City, a corruption undoubtedly from some more homely epithet; thence the road, not suitable for modern carriages, leads under towering precipices and crags to an eminence or rather promontory jutting into the lake, from which Helvellyn appears to rise directly and perpendicularly out of the water. In front, is the upper lake and alpine bridges, separating it from the lower reach, with the wood-crested How and Naddle Fell on one hand, on the other, the black and storm-shattered fronts of Fisher and Raven Crags; and often between these rocky frames Blencathra hangs suspended in aerial blue. In a coom on the left, between Bull Crag and Fisher
Page 49:-
Crag, are the Deargarth Cascades. Armboth House is pleasantly situated on the top of a gentle eminence under the Fells, whence the ground falls in easy slopes all round to the water's edge: the views from the house are commanding, and the eye rests upon the huge surfaces of Helvellyn and the Great Dodd. Raven Crag is a mighty mass of dark, frowning crags, that have braved the fury of many a storm. From its foot, looking diagonally across the lake, Dalehead Hall, amid woods of a modern growth, and, for the first time, the summit of Helvellyn, form a magnificent picture. Hence to the outlet of the lake, where the river may be watched, forming still pools between low meadows of green pasture, and stealing quietly and rather sluggishly away to foam and chafe with the rocks and wilds of Legberthwaite, the traveller will shortly after join the direct road, from which he had diverged in the dreary moss of Shoolthwaite.
From the Horse Head inn, the carriage-road winds under Helvellyn by the margin of the lake, which it leaves by a very steep ascent. This side of the dale presents the sternest features, seen, too, most impressively -
Page 164:-
...
... A little beyond this dreary and wind-swept pass [Dunmail Raise], there is a view, forward, of the cold and forbidding vale and water of Wythburn, bounded by the sloping sides of Helvellyn and Seat Sandal on the right, and by the Borrodale fells on the left, with Skiddaw closing in the view to the north.
...
Wythburn Water, known also as Thirlmere or Leathes Water, is a narrow and deep lake, divided
Page 165:-
into two by a wooden bridge and piers. The lower end of this water ought to be visited, and a pleasant, agreeable tour may be made from Keswick, by approaching it along Shoolthwaite Moss, keeping up its western side, under Raven Crag, as far as Armboth House. Here crossing the lake, pass through Dalehead Park into the public road; thence through Legberthwaite, having the castle rock of St. John's on the right, to Threlkeld, and so to Keswick.
Page 177:-
A TABLE
OF THE LENGTH, BREADTH, &c. OF THE LAKES,
COLLECTED FROM DIFFERENT AUTHORITIES.

placename:- Leathes Water
other name:- Thirlmere
other name:- Wythburn Water
other name:- Brackmere
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P016, button   goto source.
Page 16:-
THIRLMERE
- Commonly called LEATHES' WATER, from the family to whose estate it belongs; and sometimes WYTHBURN WATER, from the valley in which it is partly situated - lies at the foot of the 'mighty Helvellyn;' upon the highest level of any of the lakes, being near 500 feet above the sea; it is upwards of two miles and a half in length, and intersected by several rocky promontories; it is divided into an upper and lower lake, between which a picturesque wooden bridge leads to Armboth House. The depth of this lake, which has been reported to be very great, has not been found to exceed eighteen fathoms. A wooded island, of half an acre, lies near the shore, on the lower, or northern part of the lake; and the surface of the water being of late somewhat lowered by opening its outlet, a small rock in the upper part has become more conspicuous.
Travellers are commonly satisfied with a sight of this lake from the road; but those who have leisure may obtain better views of the lower and finer part of the lake, from different stations in the grounds near Dalehead House; and finer still from the other side of the water. But the most perfect view of the whole lake is from a rocky eminence at a little distance from the northern end of the water.

other name:- Leathes Water
other name:- Wythburn Water
person:- : Leathes Family
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Thurl Meer
outline, shaded; lake

placename:- Thurl Meer
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Fielding and Walton 1821 (plate 23)

Set of prints, Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes, illustrated with hand coloured aquatints by Theodore Henry Fielding and John Walton, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
thumbnail FW0123, button to large image
Print, coloured aquatint, Wythburn Water and Helvellyn, Cumberland, drawn by Theodore H A Fielding, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
Thirlmere.
Tipped in opposite p.125 in A Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes.

placename:- Wythburn Water
date:- 1821
period:- 19th century, early

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY31, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY31, button to large image

placename:- Thirlmere
lake

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
Leaths W.
outline with form lines; lake or tarn

placename:- Leaths Water
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
Thurle Meer
outline with form lines; lake or tarn

placename:- Thurle Meer
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Housman 1800 map 3

Plan of Lancaster, scale about 5.5 inches to 1 mile, engraved by McIntyre, published by F Jollie, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1800.
thumbnail HM01Thi, button to large image
THURLEMEER

placename:- Thurlemeer
date:- 1800
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions) -- probably relevant

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 181:-
...
At the foot of Wythburn fells is Brackmere, a large lake, a mile by one and an half, well stocked with pike, perch, and eels. ...

placename:- Brackmere
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 117:-
...
Thyrillmere belongs to Thomas Leathes, Esq; but is of small value for fish; there are none indeed found here but a few pike and trout. The form of it much resembles that of a bee or pismire, as it is so narrow in the middle, that there is a bridge across it; at each end it swells out to a considerable extent, as may be seen in the plan. The mountain which bounds one side of the lake is Helveylin, as far as Swirls-gate; on the other (from Armboth to Wythburn,) is called the Deer-garth.

placename:- Thyrillmere
person:- : Leathes, Thomas
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ambleside to Keswick)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL9NY31E, button to large image
thumbnail CL9NY31D, button to large image
thumbnail CL9NY31C, button to large image
thumbnail CL9NY31H, button to large image
thumbnail CL9NY31B, button to large image
thumbnail CL9NY31G, button to large image
THIRLMERE LAKE

placename:- Thirlmere Lake
lake
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
LEATHES WATER
image Ws02NY31, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY31, button to large image

placename:- Leathes Water
lake
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P083, button   goto source.
Page 83:-
... Leaving the vale of Grasmere behind, you soon come in sight of
LEATHES-WATER,
Called also WYTHBURN or THIRLEMERE. It begins at the foot of Helvellyn, and skirts its base for the space of four miles, encreased by a variety of pastoral torrents, that pour their silvery streams down the mountains' sides, and then, warbling, join the lake. The range of mountains, on the right [at Leathes Water], are tre-
image WS21P084, button   goto source.
Page 84:-
[tre]mendously great. Helvellyn and Cachidecam are the chief; ... The opposite shore is beautified with a variety of crown-topt rocks, some rent, some wooded, others not, rising immediately from, or hanging towards the water; and all set off with a back ground of verdant mountains, rising in the noblest pastoral style. Its singular beauty is its being almost intersected in the middle by two peninsulas, that are joined by a bridge, in a taste suitable to the genius of the place, which serves for an easy communication among the shepherds that dwell on the opposite banks.
...
image WS21P190, button   goto source.
Page 190:-
A TABLE OF THE Height of Mountains and Lakes SEEN IN THIS TOUR, ... TAKEN FROM THE LEVEL OF THE SEA. ... by Mr. John Dalton.
Leathes-water, Wythburn ... 182 [yards]
image WS21P210, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 210:-
...
Oct. 8. I left Keswick, and took the Ambleside road, ... Came to the foot of Helvellyn, along which runs an excellent road, looking down from a little height on Leathes-water, (called also Thirlmere, or Wythburn-water) and soon descending on its margin. The lake looks black from its depth, and from the gloom of the vast crags that scowl over it, though really clear as glass: it is narrow, and about three miles long, resembling a river in its course; little shining torrents hurrying down the rocks to join it, but not a bush to overshadow them or cover their march; ...

placename:- Leathes Water
other name:- Wythburn
other name:- Wythburn Water
other name:- Thirlemere
other name:- Thirlmere
Altitude 546 feet
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Donald 1774

Map, engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
Thirle Meer
Labels the whole lake as one.

placename:- Thirle Meer
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY20, button to large image
Wiborn Water
outline with form lines

placename:- Wiborn Water
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYF, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYF, button to large image
Outline with form lines.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
outline with form lines

county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B260m20, button to large image
At mile 22-23.

placename:- Wibourn Water
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY31, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY31, button to large image
Thurlemyre R
Outline with shore shading.

placename:- Thurlemyre River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY31, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY31, button to large image
Outline, blue tint.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
outline with shaded shore; lake
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
outline, shore shaded; lake
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m020, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96m020, button to large image
In miles 22 and 23, Cumberland.
Wibourn Water
lake close on the left of the road for a mile and a half.

placename:- Wibourn Water
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY31, button to large image
Thurlemyre fl.
Outline with shore shaded, dotted area.

placename:- Thurlemyre Flud
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Jenner 1643 -- probably relevant

Table of distances and map, Cumberland, now Cumbria, scale about 21 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN4Sq, button to large image
outline, shaded
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 165:-

placename:- Thurls Mere
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY514, button to large image
Thurle mere
Lake, naiaid.

placename:- Thurle Mere
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY31, button to large image
outline, shaded
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY21, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY21, button to large image
Thurle myer flu
Lake.

placename:- Thurle Myer Flu.
county:- Cumberlandia
lake
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Thirle Mere
outline, shaded; lake

placename:- Thirle Mere
locality:- Allerdale below Derwent Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old print:- Gresham Publishing 1900s

Book, Our Beautiful Homeland, volume including The English Lakes, by George Benson, A G Bradley, and R Murray Gilchrist, illustrated by Ernest W Haslehurst, published by The Gresham Publishing Co, 66 Chandos Street, London, 1900s?
thumbnail PR1563, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Thirlmere and Helvellyn, Cumberland, by Ernest W Haslehurst, published by The Gresham Publishing Co, 66 Chandos Street, London, 1900s?
Tipped in opposite p.20 of The English Lakes section of a volume of Our Beautiful Homeland.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE AND HELVELLYN
printed at lower right:-
E. W. HASLEHURST

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1305, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Head of Thirlmere, Cumberland, by Frederick Clive Newcome, 1880-94.
Sunny day; view of Thirlmere from its stony foreshore; the fells descend to the water's edge, crossing composition diagonally, and are reflected in the still waters. Tiny rowing boat to far right.
signed at bottom right:-
NEWCOME
inscribed at reverse:-
Head of Thirlmere

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1880=1894
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Pearson 1900s map (Thi)

Pearson's Map to the Lake District, two sheets, Northern Section and Southern Section, Westmorland, Cumberland etc, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by George Philip and Son, London, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
thumbnail PSN1M3, button to large image
Map, lithograph, Round Thirlmere, Cumberland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.xxxii of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
By permission of the Controller of H.M. Stationery Office. / ROUND THIRLMERE.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Pearson 1900s

Guide book, Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
thumbnail PS1E13, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Thirlmere from Dunmail Raise, Cumberland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.24 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE, FROM DUNMAIL RAISE. (p.143).

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Pearson 1900s

Guide book, Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
thumbnail PS1E15, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Thirlmere from the South, Cumberland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.29 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE FROM THE SOUTH.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Pearson 1900s

Guide book, Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
thumbnail PS1E68, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Thirlmere, from the South, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.193 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE, FROM THE SOUTH. (p.191, 192).

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL139, button to large image
Print, engraving, Leathes' Water from the West, ie Thirlmere, Cumberland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.154 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
LEATHES' WATER FROM THE WEST.

placename:- Leathe's Water
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836 (version 1869)

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT207, button to large image
Print, hand coloured, Thirlmere, from the North, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, 1836, engraved by W F Topham, published by T J Allman, 463 Oxford Street, London, 1869.
Included in The Lakes of England, by W F Topham.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE, / from the North.
printed at bottom:-
Helvellyn. / Steel Fell. / Raven Crag. / Borrowdale Fells.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT118, button to large image
Print, engraving, Thirlmere, from the North, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.55 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE, / from the North.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Helvellyn. / Steel Fell. / Raven Crag. / Borrowdale Fells.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT117, button to large image
Print, engraving, Thirlmere from Raysgap, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.54 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLMERE FROM RAYSGAP.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Pt. of Steel Fell. / Borrowdale Fells. / Raven Crag. / Skiddaw. / Helvellyn.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
thumbnail PR0421, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from the West Side of Thirlmere, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Used opposite p.69 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image - 1 Raven Crag, 2 Castlerigg, 3 Blancathra vulgariter Saddleback, 4 Great How, 5 Green Crag, 6, Great Dod, 7 Part of Helvellyn.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM THE WEST SIDE OF THIRLMERE.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr. / ...

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
thumbnail MNU110, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from the West Side of Thirlmere, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Opposite p.69 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers refering to mountains in the image - 1 Raven Crag, 2 Castlerigg, 3 Blancathra vulgariter Saddleback, 4 Great How, 5 Green Crag, 6, Great Dod, 7 Part of Helvellyn.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM THE WEST SIDE OF THIRLMERE.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Pyne 1853

Set of prints, The English Lake District, or Lake Scenery of England, scenes painted by James Barker Pyne, lithographed by W Gauci, published by Thomas Agnew and Sons, Manchester, 1853; published 1853-70.
thumbnail PY12, button to large image
Thirlemere and Wytheburn
Drawn by James Barker Pyne, 1848-1853, lithographed by T Picken, 1859.

placename:- Thirlemere
date:- 1848=1853
period:- 19th century, early; 19th century, late; 1840s; 1850s

old print:- Garnett 1850s-60s F

Set of prints, engravings, Views of the English Lakes or Views in the English Lake District, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
thumbnail GAR727, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Thrilmere from Raven Crag, ie Thirlemere, Cumberland, engraved by Banks and Co, Edinburgh, probably published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
Found with Views of the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
Banks & Co, Edinr. / THRILMERE FROM RAVEN CRAG.

placename:- Thrilmere
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Garnett 1850s-60s F

Set of prints, engravings, Views of the English Lakes or Views in the English Lake District, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
thumbnail GAR719, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Leaths Water ie Thirlmere, Cumberland, drawn and engraved by William Banks and Son, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
Found with Views of the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn & Engd. by W. Banks & Son, Edinr. / LEATHS WATER.

placename:- Leaths Water
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.36)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0012, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Thirlmere, or Wythburn Water, Cumberland, drawn by G Pickering, engraved by W le Petit, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1833.
vol.1 pl.36 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated. A fishing party in the foreground.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
G. Pickering. / W. Le Petit. / THIRLMERE, OR WYTHBURN WATER, CUMBERLAND. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1833.

placename:- Thirlmere
other name:- Wythburn Water
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R241, button to large image
Thirlmere Bridge, Looking North, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by W le Petit, 1833.
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Heywood 1906

Guide to Keswick and its Vicinity, in the Penny Guide Books series, published by Abel Heywood and Son, 56-58 Oldham Street, Manchester, and by Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co, Ave Maria Lane, Paternoster Row, London, 1906.
thumbnail HW1E15, button to large image
Print, halftone, Thirlmere, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, from a photograph by A Pettitt, Keswick, published by Abel Heywood and Son, 56-58 Oldham Street, Manchester, and by Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co, Ave Maria Lane, Paternoster Row, London, 1906.
In a Guide to Keswick and its Vicinity in the Penny Guide Books series.
printed at bottom:-
Photo by / THIRLMERE. / A. Pettitt, Keswick.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1906
period:- 1900s

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0116, button to large image
Print, aquatint, Leaths Water from Bucks Holm, ie Thirlmere, Cumberland, by William Green, 1819, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.1 p.441 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.I, page 441, line 20. / LEATHS WATER from BUCKS HOLM. / Published at Ambleside, Augt. 1. 1819, by Wm. Green.

placename:- Leaths Water
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0115, button to large image
Print, aquatint, Leaths Water, ie Thirlmere, Cumberland, by William Green, 1819, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.1 p.427 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.I, page 427, line 1. / LEATHS WATER. / Published at Ambleside, Augt. 1. 1819, by Wm. Green.

placename:- Leaths Water
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Religious Tract Society 1860s

Guide book, How To See the English Lakes, published by the Religious Tract Society, London, 1860s?
thumbnail RL01E4, button to large image
Print, engraving, View from the North West of Thirlmere, with Helvellyn on the Left, Cumberland, published by the Religious Tract Society, London, 1860s?
Tipped in opp.p.52 in How To See the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
VIEW FROM THE NORTH-WEST OF THIRLMERE, WITH HELVELLYN ON THE LEFT.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1860=1869
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Nelson 1859

Guide book, in the Nelson's Handbooks for Tourists series, The English Lakes, published by T Nelson and Sons, Paternoster Row, London, 1859.
thumbnail NS0111, button to large image
Print, engraving, Thirlemere from the Road to Keswick from Ambleside, drawn by Keeley Halswelle, Edinburgh, published by T Nelson and Sons, Paternoster Row, London, and Edinburgh and New York, United States, 1859.
Tipped in oppposite p.270 of a guide book, The English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
THIRLEMERE FROM THE ROAD TO KESWICK FROM AMBLESIDE.

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1859
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Prior 1865

Guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
thumbnail PI0117, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Thirl Mere and Saddleback, from Helvellyn, Cumberland, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
Included on page 130 of the guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior.
printed at bottom:-
THIRL-MERE AND SADDLEBACK, FROM HELVELLYN.

placename:- Thirl Mere
date:- 1865
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0164, button to large image
Print, chromolithograph, Thirlmere, Cumberland, published by T Nelson and Sons, London, 1900s?
From a set of prints, The Scenery of the English Lakes
printed at lower right:-
T. NELSON & SONS
printed at bottom left:-
THIRLMERE

placename:- Thirlmere
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- Looking south to Dunmail Raise. -- 25.12.2005
tiny photograph, 
button to large Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- From the south. -- 15.2.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- Wyth Burn running in at the S end, after a dry Spring. -- 27.6.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- Mountains on the east of the lake. -- 5.2.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- From above Castle Rock. -- 5.2.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- From above West Head Farm. -- 14.3.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Thirlmere -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- Fishing rules, at Armboth. -- 21.5.2013

hearsay There were two small lakes; Leathes Water to the north, Wythburn Water to the south. These became one when Thirlmere reservoir was created, raising the water level 54 feet. The hamlets of Armboth and Wythburn were flooded.
The dam wall is 260 yards long, 100 feet high.
John Ruskin and Thomas Carlyle were involved in the resistance to the project, and though this failed the issue was one of the seeds that fruited as the National Trust in 1895. Ruskin described Manchester Corporation:-
as a coporate body, plotting at last to steal, and sell, for a profit, the waters of Thirlmere and the clouds of Helvellyn ... [they] should be put at the bottom of the Lake of Thirlmere ...

An plot of the old and new lakes, overlain, is given by John Parker in his Atlas of the English Lakes.
Parker 2002

button   Agony, Castle Rock
button   Anarchist, Raven Crag
button   Angel's Highway, Castle Rock
button   Apocrypha, Raven Crag
button   Barbican, Castle Rock
button   Blitzkrieg, Raven Crag
button   Box Holme, Thirlmere
button   Chapel Cracks, Castle Rock
button   Clark's Leap, St John's Castlerigg etc
button   Close to the Edge, Raven Crag
button   Common Man, Raven Crag
button   Communist Convert, Raven Crag
button   Creation, Raven Crag
button   dam, Thirlmere
button   Das Kapital, Raven Crag
button   Deergarth Bay, Thirlmere
button   Deergarth How Island, Thirlmere
button   Direct Finish, Raven Crag
button   Direct Route, Castle Rock
button   Ecstasy, Castle Rock
button   Eliminate Girdle, Castle Rock
button   Eliminate, Castle Rock
button   Empire, Raven Crag
button   Exodus, Raven Crag
button   Ferrous Buttress, Iron Crag
button   Final Giggle, Castle Rock
button   First Circle, Raven Crag
button   Gangway Climb, Castle Rock
button   Gates of Delrium, Raven Crag
button   Gazebo, Castle Rock
button   Ghost, Castle Rock
button   Harlot Face, Castle Rock
button   Hause Point, St John's Castlerigg etc
button   Hawes How Island, Thirlmere
button   Iron Crag Chimney, Iron Crag
button   Last Laugh, Castle Rock
button   leat, Thirlmere
button   Matheson Avenue, Castle Rock
button   May Day Cracks, Castle Rock
button   Medlar, Raven Crag
button   milestone, St John's Castlerigg etc (6)
button   milestone, Thirlmere
button   No Name, Castle Rock
button   Overhanging Bastion, Castle Rock
button   Polytruk, Raven Crag
button   Raven Traverse, Raven Crag
button   Relay, Raven Crag
button   Rigor Mortis, Castle Rock
button   Rock of Names, Wythburn
button   Scoop and Crack, Castle Rock
button   Side of the Hill, Castle Rock
button   Slab Climb, Castle Rock
button   Southern Traverse, Castle Rock
button   Station Coppice, St John's Castlerigg etc
button   station, Dalehead Hall
button   Straining Well, Thirlmere
button   Ted Cheasby, Castle Rock
button   Thirlmere Eliminate, Castle Rock
button   Totalitarian, Raven Crag
button   Triermain Eliminate, Castle Rock
button   Ultimate Eliminate, Castle Rock
button   Via Media, Castle Rock
button   Walsh's Blind Variant, Castle Rock
button   Wath Bridge, Thirlmere
button   White Dwarf, Castle Rock
button   Yew Tree Climb, Castle Rock
button   Zig-Zag, Castle Rock

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

button to lakes menu  Lakes Guides menu.

©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
button, online connection  Other projects

button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University