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placename:- Three Shire Stones
other name:- Brandreth ?
other name:- Three Foot Brandreth ?
site name:- Wrynose Pass
parish Ulpha parish, once in Cumberland
parish Dunnerdale-with-Seathwaite parish, once in Lancashire
parish Coniston parish, once in Lancashire
parish Lakes parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
boundary stone; stone; county boundary mark
coordinates:- NY27720274
10Km square:- NY20

1Km square NY2702

photograph

Three Shire Stones -- Wrynose Pass -- Ulpha and Dunnerdale-with-Seathwaite etc -- Cumbria / -- 17.11.2005
photograph

Three Shire Stones -- Wrynose Pass -- Ulpha and Dunnerdale-with-Seathwaite etc -- Cumbria / -- 17.11.2005
photograph

Three Shire Stones -- Wrynose Pass -- Ulpha and Dunnerdale-with-Seathwaite etc -- Cumbria / -- 17.11.2005

source:- OS County Series (Cmd 80)

OS County Series (Cmd 80 11)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Threefoot Brandreth
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Three Shire Stone or Threefoot Brandreth

placename:- Threefoot Brandreth
other name:- Three Shire Stone
date:- 1867=1868
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 115:-
... The travellers are now in Westmorland; but at the three shire stones at the top [of Wrynose], where three counties meet, they will step into Lancashire, in order to leave it for Cumberland at Cockley Beck bridge, within three miles further on. We are glad to hear that a spirited citizen of Ambleside, to whom his neighbours are under great obligations, is erecting a stone pillar at the spot where the shire stones are, that the junction of counties may not be overlooked (as it easily may be now) by the unobservant traveller. Young tourists, who happen to have long limbs, may enjoy the privilege of being in three counties at once, by setting their feet on two of the three stones, and resting their hands on the third. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY20, button to large image
Three Shire Stones
block; at meet of county boundaries

placename:- Three Shire Stones
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P001, button   goto source.
Page 1:-
...
THE Mountainous District, in which the English Lakes are situated, extends into three Counties, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, which form their junction at a point upon the mountain Wrynose, near the road side. ...
image OT01P107, button   goto source.
... Near the road on Wrynose are the three shire stones of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 179:-
...
In Langdale in Westmorland are two high hills in the road from Cumberland to Gresmere called Hardknot and Wrynose; on the latter of which are placed the shire stones; three little stones, about a foot high and a foot asunder, set in a triangle.
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
On the meeting of the three county boundaries; there are three dots by the label.
image Ws02NY20, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY20, button to large image

placename:- Shire Stones
county:- Westmorland
county:- Cumberland
county:- Lancashire

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY20SE, button to large image
Three Shire Stones
one standing stone, on county boundary

placename:- Three Shire Stones
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18SD19, button to large image
Three Shire Stones upon Wry Nose Head
two stones standing at meet of county boundaries Westmorland Cumberland Lancashire

placename:- Three Shire Stones
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P194, button   goto source.
...
... the Mountain called Wry Nose, upon the Top of which, near the Highway-Side, are to be seen three Stones, commonly call'd Shire-Stones, lying within a Foot of one another, yet in three several Counties, viz. one in Cumberland, another in Westmorland, and the third in Lancashire. ...

placename:- Shire Stones
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) -- possibly relevant

These are not plotted at the three county boundary, but seem to be the most likely feature meant by Simpson, copying from earlier sources. Saxton shows a hillock with a construction on top at the head of the Duddon.
Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYF, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYF, button to large image
Hillock; building on top; on border with Lancashire.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY20, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY20, button to large image
Shire Stones Upon Wrenose
Two upright stones.

placename:- Shire Stones upon Wrenose
county:- Cumberland
county:- Westmorland
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY20, button to large image
Shire Stones Upon Wrenose
Two, only, square pillars are drawn, on the county boundaries.

placename:- Shire Stones upon Wrenose
county:- Cumberland
county:- Westmorland
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY20, button to large image
Shire Stones upon Wrenose
two standing stones, on a hillock at the county boundaries

placename:- Shire Stones upon Wrenose
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY20, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY20, button to large image
Shirestones Upon wrenose
3+ stones drawn on a large hillock; county boundary of Cumberlandia, Westmorelandia and Lancastria.

placename:- Shirestones upon Wrenose
county:- Cumberlandia
stone
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
Shire Stone upon Wrenose
one standing stone

placename:- Shire Stone upon Wrenose
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

observation Three stones are set flat in the ground, each with a letter for a county; Lancashire, Cumberland, and Westmorland: these are replacements for the originals, set here in the mid 20th century. The stone you see in passing is not oone of the shire stones; It is sad that a personal memorial has taken over the site.

button   Field Memorial, Ulpha

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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