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placename:- Wasdale Head
locality:- Wasdale
parish Nether Wasdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
building/s
coordinates:- NY186088
10Km square:- NY10
place code:- WsHd

1Km square NY1808

photograph

Wasdale Head -- Wasdale -- Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 12.5.2009
photograph

Wasdale Head -- Wasdale -- Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 11.5.2006

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

thumbnail HC0136, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Wastdalehead, Wastwater, Nether Wasdale, Cumberland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.94 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
WASTDALEHEAD, WASTWATER
printed at signed lower right:-
A HEATON COOPER

placename:- Wastdalehead
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0773, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Wasdale Head, Nether Wasdale, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
stamped at reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0774, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Wasdale Head and Great Gable, Nether Wasdale, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped at reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0905, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Wasdale Head, Kirk Fell behind, Nether Wasdale, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY10, button to large image
Wasdale Hd.
cross, a church

placename:- Wasdale Head
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY11, button to large image
Wastdale Head

placename:- Wastdale Head
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 71:-
...
... the deep, confined, and fruitful valley of Wastdale Head, with its chapel and half-dozen houses scattered upon a plain of meadow and corn-ground, divided into chequers by stone walls. Beyond, within a bed of steep rocky mountains of pure, unmixed, impenetrable sterility, is the long, narrow, stern, and desolate lake of Wast Water, to the head of which from these houses it is two miles. Refreshment may be had at any of these very respectable statesmen, and the tourist will not offend them by offer-
Page 72:-
[offer]ing a sufficient remuneration for their civility and trouble. Near their dwelling is the humble Chapel of Ease, past which a mountain track leads under Scafell by Burnmoor Tarn into Eskdale.
Page 171:-
... country is more distinguished by sublimity.
Wastdale Head contains only a few scattered houses; and its small chapel has only eight pews, and is without a burial-ground.

placename:- Wastdale Head
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P030, button   goto source.
Page 30:-
Wasdale Head consists of about half a dozen dwellings sheltered by trees, and a small Chapel, in the midst of an area of arable land, encircled by the loftiest mountains. A public house here is much wanted by travellers; on which account the hospitality of the inhabitants is not unfrequently drawn upon by strangers.
...
image OT01P130, button   goto source.
Page 130:-
Wasdale Head comprises a level area of 400 acres of land, divided by stone walls into small irregular fields, which have been cleared with great industry and labour; as appears from the enormous heaps of stones, piled up from the surplus after completing the inclosures. Here six or seven families have their Chapel, of a size proportionate to the number of inhabitants, and in a style according with the situation; and what Mr. Gray formerly said of Grasmere, may with equal propriety be applied to this vale: 'Not a single red tile, no gentleman's flaring house, or garden walls, break in upon the repose of this little unsuspected paradise; but all is peace, rusticity, and happy poverty, in its neatest, most becoming attire.'
...
image OT01P149, button   goto source.
Page 149:-
A variety of granite with reddish felspar, and which from a deficiency of mica, has sometimes been
image OT01P151, button   goto source.
Page 151:-
called sienite, ... may be seen shooting up in places, almost as far as Bootle, and also at Wasdale Head. ... It contains veins of red hematite and micaceous iron ore. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Wasdale Hd.
circle, italic lowercase text; settlement

placename:- Wasdale Head
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY10, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY10, button to large image

placename:- Wasdale Head

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
Wastedale Head
blocks, italic lowercase text, village, hamlet, locality

placename:- Wastedale Head
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 98:-
... There is a kind of sheep in these mountains called Herdwicks, which when fed to the highest growth, seldom exceed nine or ten pounds a quarter; they, contrary to all other sheep I have met with, are seen before a storm, especially of snow, to ascend against the coming blast, and take the stormy side of the mountain, which, fortunately for themselves, saves them from being over-blown. This valuable instinct was first discovered by the people of Wasdalehead, a small village, whose limits join those of Borrowdale. They, to keep this breed as much as possible in their own village, bound themselves in a bond, that no one of them should sell above five ewe (or female) lambs in one year; means, however, were found to smuggle more, so that all the shepherds now have either the whole or half breed of them; especially where the mountains are very high, as in Borrowdale, Newlands, and Skiddow, where they have not hay for them in winter. These sheep lye upon the very tops of the mountains in that season as well as in summer; and, as I said before, keep to the stormy side, where the wind blows the snow off the surface of the ground.
If a calm snow fall, the shepherds take a harrow, and drag it themselves over the tallest heath, or ling; the snow then falls to the bottom, and the sheep feed upon the tops of it, and the moss which grows upon the stones. They are so remarkably wild and stupid in their temper, that in forcing them by dogs to washing, shearing, &c. they have laid down and died without much fatigue.
Whence this breed first came I cannot learn; the inhabitants of Nether Wasdale say they were taken from on board a stranded ship, however, till within these few years, their number was very small: they grow very little wool; eight or nine of them jointly not producing more than a stone, yet their wool is pretty good.

placename:- Wasdalehead
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYA, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYA, button to large image
Warsdale
Building.

placename:- Warsdale
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
Warsdale C.
circle, italic lowercase text; village, hamlet or locality, at the head of Wast Water

placename:- Warsdale Chapel
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
Wasdale Chap.
circle, italic lowercase text; settlement or house

placename:- Wasdale Chapel
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jenner 1643

Table of distances and map, Cumberland, now Cumbria, scale about 21 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN4Sq, button to large image
Wasdale chap
circle

placename:- Wasdale Chapel
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

source:- Keer 1605 -- perhaps relevant

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
Wasdale chap
dot, circle and tower; village

placename:- Wasdale Chapel
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY11, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY11, button to large image
Building, symbol for a hamlet, which may or may not have a nucleus.
Wasdale chap:

placename:- Wasdale Chapel
county:- Cumberlandia
hamlet
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 230:-
VALLEY OF WASDALE HEAD. (Head Office:- Whitehaven.)
Braithwaite, Joseph, farmer, Middle How.
Briggs, Robt., farmer, The Hall.
Burns, William, farmer, Down-i'th-Dale.
Colebank, Fletcher, farmer, Burnthwaite.
Kitchin, Rev. Jos., Middle Row
Ritson, John, yeoman and boatman, Row Foot.
Ritson, Wm., farmer, Row Foot
Ritson, J., farmer, Burnthwaite.
Robinson, Jefferson, farmer, Rowhead.
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R258, button to large image
Wastdale Head, Scawfell Pikes, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J Sands, 1833.

placename:- Wastdale Head
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Farington 1816 (plate 25)

Set of prints, 43 engravings, The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland, drawings by Jospeph Farington, with text by Thomas Hartwell Horne, published by T Cadell, and W Davies, Strand, and by J M'Creery, Black Horse Court, Fleet Street, London, 1816.
thumbnail BNV37, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Wastdale Village, drawn by Joseph Farington, engraved by J Landseer, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1815.
Plate 25 in The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland and Cumberland ... with text by Thomas Hartwell Horne:-
WASTDALE VILLAGE, / IS situated among the western mountains of Cumberland, about two miles north from Eskdale; and has in its front the Lake of Wast-Water. From the difficulty of access to these interesting objects, except on the side of Egremont, this Village and Lake are seldom visited by strangers, but the traveller will be well rewarded on approaching the secluded and truly alpine valley in which the village is situated. Here every thing is rural, and seen in the true style of pastoral beauty and simplicity. ...

placename:- Wastdale Village
date:- 1815
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Barber and Atkinson 1927

Guide book, Lakeland Passes, by John B Barber and George Atkinson, published by James Atkinson, Caxton Printing Works, Ulverston, Lancashire, 3rd edn 1928.
thumbnail AK0408, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Looking into Mosedale, view of Wasdale Head, Nether Wasdale, Cumberland, published by James Atkinson, Caxton Printing Works, Ulverston, Lancashire, 1928.
Tipped in opposite p.38 of Lakeland Passes, by John B Barber and George Atkinson, 1927, 3rd edn 1928.
at inter negative:-
WASDALE HEAD. / Atkinsons Series 1266.
printed at bottom:-
Looking into Mosedale and showing (right) path to Black Sail. (To face plage 38.
date:- 1927
period:- 1920s

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL156, button to large image
Print, engraving, Wastdale Head, Nether Wasdale, Cumberland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.216 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
WASTDALE HEAD.

placename:- Wastdale Head
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old photograph:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
thumbnail BGG157, button to large image
Photograph, halftone print, Wasdale Head and Great Gable, Nether Wasdale, Cumberland, by F Leach, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.168 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Wasdale Head -- Wasdale -- Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 25.6.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Wasdale Head -- Wasdale -- Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- The emblem of the Lake District National Park. -- 11.5.2006

button   footbridge, Wasdale Head
button   packhorse bridge, Wasdale Head
button   Ritson Force, Nether Wasdale
button   school, Wasdale Head
button   St Olaf, Nether Wasdale
button   stone wall, Wasdale Head
button   stone wall, Wasdale Head (2)
button   Wasdale Head Inn, Nether Wasdale

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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