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placename:- Whitehaven
parish Whitehaven borough, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
building/s -- market town; selected place
coordinates:- NX974182
10Km square:- NX91
place code:- Whth

1Km square NX9718

photograph

Whitehaven -- Whitehaven -- Cumbria / -- 14.10.2005
photograph

Whitehaven -- Whitehaven -- Cumbria / -- 15.7.2008

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 67 2)

OS County Series (Cmd 67 6)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Whitehaven
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

text:- Mason 1907 (edn 1930)

Page 25:-
...
A coal-field stretches from Wigton to Whitehaven. Maryport, Workington, and Whitehaven are all busy towns among the collieries, ...
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL136, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Whitehaven, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 168 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
Whitehaven.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NX91, button to large image
WHITEHAVEN
blocks, settlement, and a minimal street plan

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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WHITEHAVEN

placename:- Whitehaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
...
THE order in which the Lakes should be visited, if seen in any prescribed order at all, can be pointed out much more easily than satisfactorily. Lancaster and Kendal in the south, Carlisle and Penrith in the north, formerly offered the readiest facilities of access to this Northern Elysium; but since the improvement of steam navigation, Whitehaven and other ports have become equally suitable as starting places. One advantage, however, remains in favour of the old routes, that the direct lines are better, especially for carriages, although to the pedestrian this will not be a matter of any great importance.
Page 78:-
...
Four miles will carry you from the quiet, studious cloisters of Saint Bees, into the midst of the bustling and commercial activity of Whitehaven. The piers and coal-pits are the chief objects of
Page 79:-
notice here. The Earl of Lonsdale has also a large mansion, called the Castle. The tourist from Dublin, Liverpool, or Glasgow, may land here and penetrate into the Lakes by way of Egremont, Gosforth, Wast Water, over the Stye Head into Borrowdale, and thence to Keswick or Ambleside.
Page 172:-
...
WHITEHAVEN is a well-built town. During the last century, it has risen into importance in consequence of its vicinity to the extensive coal-mines of the Earl of Lonsdale. The harbour is large and safe, being protected by an extensive pier, built after a design by Sir John Rennie. Upwards of 140,000 chaldrons of coals are annually exported.
Page 173:-
There are three churches in the town, a Scotch church, and several dissenting meeting-houses. Steam-packets ply between Dublin and Whitehaven regularly, as well as Liverpool, the Isle of Man, and Scotland. This town sends one member to Parliament. Population, 11,393; market-days, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday; inns, Black Lion, Golden Lion, and Globe.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cobbett 1832

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by William Cobbett, 11 Bolt Court, Fleet street, London, 1832.
thumbnail COB5, button to large image
Whitehaven
dot and circle; town

placename:- Whitehaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P163, button   goto source.
Page 163:-
... Coal is raised at Greysouthen, Gilcrux, and Plumbland; and there are extensive fields of coal beneath the town of Whitehaven, at Workington, ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Perrot 1823

Map, Cumberland, Westmoreland, scale about 38 miles to 1 inch, by Aristide Michel Perrot, engraved by Migneret, 1823, published by Etienne Ledoux, 9 Rue Guenegaud, Paris, France, 1824; published 1824-48.
thumbnail PER2, button to large image
Whitehaven
circle; town

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Whitehaven / 306
circle, upright lowercase text; town; distance from London

placename:- Whitehaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NX91, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NX91, button to large image
WHITEHAVEN

placename:- Whitehaven

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
White Haven / 322
blocks, upright lowercase text; town, distance from London

placename:- White Haven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
Whitehaven
blocks, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Whitehaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38317, button to large image
page 317-318
Whitehaven
market town, post office
INNS. Whitehaven, George, Globe, King's Arms.
thumbnail C38319, button to large image
page 319-320
Whitehaven
market town, post office
INNS. Whitehaven, as p.318
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page 798
At WHITEHAVEN, for the ISLE OF MAN. / The Packet Boat carrying the Letters to and from the Isle of Man sails from Whitehaven once a Week, and returns as often.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 180:-
...
Below St. Bees and in its parish is Whitehaven a handsome regular town, so called from the white rocks and cliffs. It is chiefly beholden for its improvement to sir John Lowther, who took his title of distinction from it, and whose descendants have a considerable estate here. It contains 1200 inhabitants, and has 190 great ships, mostly employed in the coal trade; three chapels, four meeting-houses, and a good artificial harbour with a long pier. The collieries lie at the foot of an hill 80 fathoms deep, by an easy descent bricked and vaulted. The town and collieries produced a revenue of 16,000 a year to the late sir James Lowther, who had here a magazine of oats, which he always sold to the colliers at 5s. per bushel Cumberland or three Winchester measure
Whitehaven in 1566 had but six houses and only one pickard of eight or nine tons; in 1582 twelve small ships. Sir Christopher, 2d son of sir John Lowther, purchased the lands of St. Bees priory here, and settled here and died 1644. The late sir James lived to see about 11000 inhabitants, and about 260 sail ships of near 30,000 tuns burthen. Thirty of them are employed in foreign trade and the rest in the coal trade, and export yearly above 20,000 tuns. He devised his estates here to sir William Lowther of Holker, bart. who dying the next year was succeeded in the said estates, reckoned 14,000£. a year, by the present sir James Lowther, created earl of Lonsdale 1780. ...

placename:- Whitehaven
person:- : Lowther, John, Sir
person:- : Lowther Family
person:- : Lowther, James, Sir; Lonsdale, Earl of
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
It is suggested that this dialect writing is invented by James Clark, or an acquaintance, complete with its 'explanation'. Page 76:-
Copy of a LETTER, WROTE BY A
Young Shepherd of Borrowdale,
AT HIS Return from Dublin, TO One of his Acquaintance.
FRIND,
I SEND te thisan, to tell the amackily what dreedfull fine things I saw ith rwod tyu, an at yon Dublin; an t'harships I've bidden. I set forrat o' Midsummer-day, an gat to Whitehebben a girt sea-side town, whore Sea-Nags eat cowls out o' rack-hurries, like as barrels dus yale drink: I think Sea-Nags is nut varra wild, for tha winter them ca girt foalds wi'out yates; an as I was lyukin about to gang to Ierland, I so twea duzzen o' fellows myakin a Sea-Nag tedder-styack ov iran; I ast yan othum if I cud git ridin tu Dublin? an a man in a three-nyuk'd hat, at knact like rottin sticks, telt me I mud gang wid him; for a thing tha caw tide, like t' post oth land, was gangin, an wadent stay o' nea boddee nivir. Than four men in a lile Sea-Nag, a fwot I think, at tha caw'd a bwot, helter'd our nag, and led it out oth' foald; than our nag slipt t' helter an ran away; but tha hang up a deal of wind-clyaths, like blinder-bridles, we' hundreds o' ryaps for rines. Land ran away an left us, ...

other name:- Whitehebben
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P295, button   goto source.
Account of Ennerdale, late 18th century
Page 295:-
Within these few years, several visitors of the lakes extend their tour, by taking in Whitehaven, ...
image WS21P307, button   goto source.
Mrs Radcliffe's Ride over Skiddaw, 1794
Page 307:-
...
[on Skiddaw] ... Whitehaven, and its white coast, were distinctly seen; ...
date:- 1760; 1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1790s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NX91, button to large image
Whitehaven Mar. Thur.
blocks, street plan, town, market

placename:- Whitehaven
market town
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Mackenzie 1760s

thumbnail MCK5P4, button to large image
WHITEHAVEN

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bickham 1753-54 (Cmd)

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
thumbnail JL05, button to large image
Whitehaven
view (sort of)

placename:- Whitehaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1753=1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P181, button   goto source.
...
Whitehaven is a Market Town, ... so called from a great Rock of hard white Stone, standing on the W. Side of it, and the Haven which shelters the Vessels that enter into it from Tempests and Winds. It anciently belong'd to St. Bees, which we shall speak of hereafter.
The Town of Whitehaven is grown up by Encouragement of the Lowther Family, from a small Place
image SMP4P182, button   goto source.
to be very considerable for its Coal Trade, which of late Years is so much increas'd, that, next to Newcastle, it is the most eminent Port in England for that Trade. The City of Dublin, and all the Towns of Ireland on that Coast, and some Parts in Scotland, and the Isle of Man, are wholly supply'd from hence. It is frequent in Time of War, on Occasion of cross Winds, to have 200 Sail of Ships at a Time go from this Place to Dublin loaded with Coals. And Sir James Lowther, particularly, is said to send from hence to Ireland, annually, as many Coals as brings him in near 20,000 l. a Year.
Here is likewise a good Trade for Salt; and by the Increase of Shipping here, and the Advantage the Place has received from two Acts of Parliament in Queen Anne's Reign, to mend and improve the Harbour, and another in his present Majesty's, in 1740, for the same Purpose, and to repair Roads leading to it, the people are led into Merchandizing, and it is now on all Accounts reckon'd a considerable trading Town; tho' in Mr. Camden's Time, it was of so little Consequence that he takes no Notice of it, and his Continuator but little.
The King has several Officers here to look after the Customs. It is 227 Miles computed distant from London, and 289 measured. The Market is kept on Tuesdays, and the Fair is annually on the 1st of September.
image SMP4P197, button   goto source.
... Whitehaven, Sir James Lowther's, the other Representative in Parliament for this County. ...

placename:- Whitehaven
person:- : Lowther Family
person:- : Lowther, James, Sir
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
Whitehaven Market Thursd: Fair September 1st.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
Whitehaven
circle, tower/s, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Whitehaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
Under this shore, the navigation being secured by this cape of St. Bees, is the town of Whitehaven, grown up from a small place to be very considerable by the coal trade, which is encreased so considerably of late, that it is now the most eminent port in England for shipping off coals, except Newcastle and Sunderland, and even beyond the last, for they wholly supply the city of Dublin, and all the towns of Ireland on that coast; and 'tis frequent in time of war, or upon the ordinary occasion of cross winds, to have two hundred sail of ships at a time go from this place for Dublin, loaden with coals.
They have of late fallen into some merchandizing also, occasioned by the great number of their shipping, and there are now some considerable merchants; but the town is yet but young in trade, and that trade is so far from being ancient, that Mr. Cambden does not so much as name the place, and his continuator says very little of it.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... and the sea [Irish Sea] itself seemed desolate and wild, for it was a sea without ships, here [Lancaster and Cumberland coast] being no sea port or place of trade, especially for merchants; so that, except colliers passing between Ireland and Whitehaven with coals, the people told us they should not see a ship under sail for many weeks together.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
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Whitehaven
circle; village or town

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NX91, button   goto source.
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Whitehaven
Circle, buildings, towers.

placename:- Whitehaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96Bm00, button   goto source.
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In mile 0, Cumberland.
Turnings left:-
to Whithaven

placename:- Whithaven
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY01, button to large image
Whithaven
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Whithaven
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NX91, button to large image
Whithave~
circle, building, tower

placename:- Whithaven
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
Whithanen
dot, circle and tower; village

placename:- Whithanen
county:- Cumberland

source:- Lloyd 1573

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image
Wythaven

placename:- Wythaven
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Withaven
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NX92, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NX92, button to large image
Church, symbol for a parish or village, with a parish church.
Whithaven

placename:- Whithaven
county:- Cumberlandia
village
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY191, button to large image
Itinerary, route 7, London to Whitehaven via the Lake Districts, including from Settle, Lancashire; through Kirkby Lonsdale, Kendal, Ambleside, Westmorland; then Keswick, Cockermouth to Whitehaven, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
pp.71-91 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.84-91.
printed at p.71:-
... / ROUTE VII. - LONDON to WHTEHAVEN via THE LAKE / DISTRICTS. (See Maps 65 to 80.) / Hitchin (as per Route I.) 34, Shefford 41, Bedford 50, Higham-Ferrers, / 64 3/4, Kettering 74 1/2, Rockingham 83 1/4, Uppingham 88 3/4, Oakham, / 94 3/4, Melton Mowbray 104 3/4, Nottingham 123 1/4, Rotherham 159 1/4, / Barnsley 171 3/4, Huddersfield 188 3/4, Halifax 196 3/4, Keighley 2083/4, / Skipton 218 3/4, Settle 234 3/4, Kirkby Lonsdale 252 1/2, Kendal 264 1/2, / Ambleside 278 1/2, Keswick 293 1/2, Cockermouth 305 1/2, Whitehaven / 319 1/2. / ...

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.79-80):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY1M5, button to large image
Strip map, road map, part of London to Whitehaven, including from before Keswick through Cockermouth to Whitehaven, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.79-80 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS / 79 LONDON TO WHITEHAVEN. 80

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Whitehaven
circle with two side bars; town

placename:- Whitehaven
locality:- Allerdale above Derwent Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Unknown 1690

Sketch map, Whitehaven, Cumberland, about 1690, perhaps redrawn by J Wilson.
thumbnail M006P, button to large image
Whitehaven

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1690
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old town plan:- Unknown 1690 (town-Whth)

Sketch map, Whitehaven, Cumberland, about 1690, perhaps redrawn by J Wilson.
thumbnail M069, button to large image
Town plan, uncoloured lithograph, Whitehaven as Built and Projected c1690, Cumberland, published by the Cumberland and Westmorland Archaeological and Antiquarian Society, 1878.
Reproduced from an original owned by the Earl of Lonsdale, to accompany an article Whitehaven, its Streets, its Principal Houses and their Inhabitants, by William Jackson. No date, but:-
'that may be closely fixed by the fact that the Old Church was built, or at any rate being built, whilst the site of the Presbyterian Chapel, the ground for which was granted 14th, February, 1694, is still a blank.'
printed at bottom:-
WHITEHAVEN AS BUILT AND PROJECTED c.1690.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1690
period:- 17th century, late

market notes:- see:- Owen: 1792: New Book of Fairs

see:- : 1889: Market Rights and Tolls: HM Government

see:- Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland

Market day Thursday given on Bowen and Kitchin's map, 1760.
Market listed by Owen, 1792.
Market listed by HM Government, 1888.
market town
date:- 1792; 1888; 1760

A limerick from a Dorothy L Sayers story, Whose Body?


old print:- Linton 1852

Guide book, A Handbook of the Whitehaven and Furness Railway, guide to the Lake District etc, by John Linton, published by Whittaker and Co, London, etc, 1852.
thumbnail LN1E02, button to large image
Print, engraving, Whitehaven from behind Corkickle, Cumberland, drawn by R Shepherd, engraved by W H Lizars, Edinburgh, published by Whittaker and Co, London, and by R Gibson and Son and by Callander and Dixon, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1852.
Frontispiece to A Handbook of the Whitehaven and Furness Railway, by John Linton.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
R. Shepherd delt. / W. H. Lizars sculpt. / WHITEHAVEN. / from behind Corkickle.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1852
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.3 no.25)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0039, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Whitehaven, Cumberland, drawn by G Pickering, engraved by T Jeavons, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.3 pl.25 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
G. Pickering. / T. Jeavons. / WHITEHAVEN, CUMBERLAND.

placename:- Whitehaven
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1295, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, View of Whitehaven, Cumberland, by Matthias Read, 1690-1706.
Distant view of Whitehaven and its environs seen from an elevated perspective. In the foreground a small group of people has gathered on the hilltop overlooking the town, an impromptu party resulting. Three of them dance a jig whilst four couples carouse in the scant shade offered by two stunted trees. Two men stand looking on. Three cattle wait nearby, one of which has upset a pail of milk.
Four views of Whitehaven by Read survive. This is the earliest and plainest example which shows only one pier in the harbour and a small number of ships. The town is still very small and details of the buildings are unfinished. Whitehaven was the earliest planned town in England thanks to the vision of Sir John Lowther, 1642-1706, the local landower who built up his wealth in coal. The groups of locals dancing and drinking in the foreground of the painting bring life to the scene. The small red and yellow stripe of paint is a mystery.
The painting originally hung in the Grapes Inn, Carlisle.
date:- 1690=1706
period:- 17th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0077, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Whitehaven, Cumberland, drawn by W H Bartlett, engraved by J C Redaway, published 1840s.
Probably from Findens Views of the Ports, Harbours, Coast Scenery, and Watering Places of Great Britain, as continued by W H Bartlett.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
W. H. Bartlett. / J. C. Redaway. / WHITEHAVEN, / (with St. Bees-head.)

placename:- Whitehaven
person:- shepherd
date:- 1840=1849
period:- 19th century, early

hearsay John Fletcher Miller was born here, 1816. He recorded the weather in The Lakes, having 35 rain gauges on the fells. He determined that Sty Head was the wettest place in England. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, 1850; died 1856.

button   Albion Hotel, Whitehaven
button   Anchor Vaults, Whitehaven
button   Barra Jacks, Whitehaven
button   Barrowmouth, Whitehaven
button   Bath House, Whitehaven
button   Beacon, Whitehaven
button   Black Lion, Whitehaven
button   Bleach Green, Whitehaven
button   Bransty Junction, Whitehaven
button   Bransty, Whitehaven
button   Candlestick, Whitehaven
button   Castle, Whitehaven
button   Christ Church, Workington
button   clay pipe works, Whitehaven
button   Colliery Schools, Whitehaven
button   Corkickle House, Whitehaven
button   Corkickle Station, Whitehaven
button   Corkickle, Whitehaven
button   Distressed Sailor, Hensingham
button   Dobson and Musgrave Warehouse, Whitehaven
button   drinking fountain, Whitehaven
button   drinking fountain, Whitehaven (2)
button   Duke Pit, Whitehaven
button   engine shed, Whitehaven (3)
button   engine shed, Whitehaven (4)
button   Female Training School, Whitehaven
button   fort, Whitehaven
button   George Pit, Whitehaven
button   George, Whitehaven
button   Globe Inn, Hensingham
button   Globe, Whitehaven
button   Golden Lion, Whitehaven
button   Haig Colliery Mining Museum, Kells
button   Haig Colliery railway
button   Hensingham, Whitehaven
button   James's Pit, Whitehaven
button   John Paul Jones, Whitehaven
button   Jonathan Swift House, Whitehaven
button   Kells, Whitehaven
button   King's Arms, Whitehaven
button   Labyrinth, Whitehaven
button   Lady Pit, Whitehaven
button   lifeboat, Whitehaven
button   Marine School, Whitehaven
button   Market Hall, Whitehaven
button   meeting house, Whitehaven
button   methodist chapel, Whitehaven
button   milestone, Whitehaven
button   Mirehouse, Whitehaven
button   Moor Row South Junction, Whitehaven
button   New Monkwray, Whitehaven
button   Newtown Foundry, Whitehaven
button   North Pit, Whitehaven
button   Old Brewery, Whitehaven
button   Old New Quay, Whitehaven
button   Old Quay, Whitehaven
button   Outer Light, Whitehaven Harbour
button   Preston Street Goods, Whitehaven
button   Prestonhows, Whitehaven
button   ring of bells, Hensingham
button   ring of bells, Whitehaven
button   Round Close, Whitehaven
button   Royal Oak, Whitehaven
button   Royal Standard Hotel, Whitehaven
button   school, Whitehaven
button   Shipwrights Arms, Whitehaven
button   St Gregory and St Patrick, Whitehaven
button   St James, Whitehaven
button   St John, Hensingham
button   St Nicholas National School, Whitehaven
button   St Nicholas, Whitehaven
button   Sun Inn, Hensingham
button   sundial, Whitehaven
button   Tom Hurd Rock, Whitehaven
button   trig point, NX9656715744
button   trig point, NX9661715978
button   trig point, NX9670618682
button   trig point, NX9671318674
button   trig point, NX9674517595
button   trig point, NX9709717259
button   trig point, NX9733618607
button   trig point, NX9753516268
button   trig point, NX9767118427
button   Trinity Church National and Sunday School, Whitehaven
button   Vagabond, Whitehaven
button   war memorial, Whitehaven
button   Watch House, Whitehaven
button   Watchtower, Whitehaven Harbour
button   weighing machine, Whitehaven
button   Wellington Pit, Whitehaven
button   Wellington, Whitehaven
button   West Pier, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Castle, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Colliery Schools, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Fire Station, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Harbour, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Museum, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Police Station, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Station, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven Station, Whitehaven (2)
button   Whitehaven Tunnel, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven United Reformed Church, Whitehaven
button   Whitehaven: Burton's
button   Whitehaven: Callander and Dixon
button   Whitehaven: Crosthwaite and Co
button   Whitehaven: Davidson
button   Whitehaven: G Conquest
button   Whitehaven: Henry Atkinson
button   Whitehaven: Isaac Linton
button   Whitehaven: J and C D Gordon
button   Whitehaven: J Booth
button   Whitehaven: J Laughlin
button   Whitehaven: J Whittle
button   Whitehaven: John Duggan
button   Whitehaven: La'al Tattie Bar
button   Whitehaven: Michael Moon
button   Whitehaven: R Gibson and Son
button   Whitehaven: Richardson and Sons
button   Whitehaven: Robert Burton
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 16
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 19 and 20
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 21 and 22
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 23 and 24
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 25
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 28
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 29
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 30
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 36 to 38
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 44 and 45
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 46 to 49
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 51
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 52
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 53
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 54
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 55
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 56
button   Whitehaven: Roper Street, 57 and 58
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street, 9 and 10
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street, 14
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street, 31
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street, 32 to 35
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street, 84 to 95
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street, 112
button   Whitehaven: Scotch Street, 113
button   Whitehaven: Shooz'n'Sox
button   Whitehaven: Sutton, R
button   Whitehaven: Whitehaven Herald
button   William Pit, Whitehaven
button   Woodhouse, Whitehaven

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
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button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University