button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Wray Castle
parish Claife parish, once in Lancashire
county:- Cumbria
castle
coordinates:- NY37490103
10Km square:- NY30

1Km square NY3701

photograph

Wray Castle -- Claife -- Cumbria / -- 15.2.2008
photograph

Wray Castle -- Claife -- Cumbria / -- Date stone:- -- 'IMD AD mdcccxl' -- 15.2.2008

old map:- OS County Series (Lan 2 11)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Wray Castle
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0838, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Wray Castle, Claife, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0839, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Low Wray Bay, Wray Castle Boat House and the castle behind, Claife, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
stamped at reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
thumbnail HB0840, button to large image
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Prior 1874 map 1

Map, Winander Mere, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1874.
thumbnail PI03M1, button to large image
Wray Cas. / WRAY CASTLE
block/s; building/s, and a vignette view

placename:- Wray Castle
date:- 1874
period:- 19th century, late; 1870s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 19:-
... On the opposite shore is Wray Castle, erected by James Dawson, Esq.,- a most defensible-looking place for so peaceful a region; but an enviable residence, both from its interior beauty and the views it commands. ...
person:- : Dawson, James
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY30, button to large image
Wray Ca.
block, building

placename:- Wray Castle
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

source:- Otley 1818 -- roughly relevant

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY30, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY30, button to large image

placename:- Wray
building/s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
R.M.S. WRAY CASTLE / / / CLAIFE / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 76756 / NY3749701014
courtesy of English Heritage
House, now college of marine electronics. 1840-47. Possibly by. H.P. Horner or J. Lightfoot. Dressed slate with ashlar dressings. Rectangular plan with porte cochere to entrance facade and service wing to south; tall central tower and angle towers. Battered base with frieze and sill course and corbelled and coped parapets. Entrance facade has octagonal tower to left, square tower with octagonal bartizan to right; porte cochere has octagonal turrets, all with embattled parapets. Towers and turrets have arrow slits, most have iron dressings. Windows have double-chamfered openings and label moulds; porte cochere has 3-light double-chamfered-mullioned window. Ground floor window to left has 2-light traceried casement. Porte cochere has triple-chamfered segmented-pointed arches to front and returns. Recessed panels with armorial bearings to returns of porte cochere; corbelled-out panels with arrow slits to 1st floor flanking porte cochere and to left of tower. Embattled parapet above and to rear of porte cochere. Entrance has 1/2 glazed doors and pointed arched fanlight. Central tower has embattled parapet with canted turret to right return. Left return of 5 bays, the 4th and 5th bays wider and breaking forward with octagonal bartizan; octagonal angle towers. Some windows have original traceried casements; 4th bay has canted bay window with 2-light traceried casements and panels beneath; 5th bay has bay with tripartite mullioned window, traceried casements and return lights. 1st floor windows to 4th and 5th bays of 3 lights, one now with later casement; parapet above has projecting embattled section. Right return has canted bay window with 3-light traceried casement window above and projecting bay to right with embattled parapet. Service wing projects to right; embattled parapet corbelled to angle with 2-face clock. End square tower with low wings which have embattled turrets. Rear has projecting service wing to left with square angle towers; right irregular facade of 3 storeys to left; pointed entrance with label mould and canted oriel with 2-light traceried window above. Interior has octagonal entrance hall with 1st floor gallery. Main hall has encaustic tiles, panelling and segmental pointed heads to doors; 1st floor gallery and imperial stair leading to landing with high hammer beam roof, canted corbelled angles, niches, plaster panelled frieze, and 2-light transomed windows. Many rooms with elaborate ceilings, former drawing room has linenfold panelling. Beatrix Potter stayed here, 1882. Property of the National Trust.

placename:- RMS Wray Castle
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- NY37490101
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
FORMER GARDENER'S HOUSE APPROXIMATELY 130 METRES TO SOUTH OF RMS WRAY CASTLE / / / CLAIFE / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 76760 / NY3749400886
courtesy of English Heritage
Gardener's house, now student accommodation. Mid C19. Slate rubble with single, pitch slate roof sloping to rear. 2 storeys, 2 bays. Diagonal buttresses. 1st floor sill band and top parapet, the angles projecting with arrow slits with iron dressings. Windows have casements, those to ground floor have plaster panels below, probably originally entrances. 1st floor windows have label moulds, that to 1st bay with small-paned casement. Rear of one storey, has entrance with gabled head and window. Property of the National Trust.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- NY37490088
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
GREENHOUSE AND RETAINING WALL TO EAST OF R.M.S. WRAY CASTLE / / / CLAIFE / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 76758 / NY3747901052
courtesy of English Heritage
Greenhouse, now store. c.1845. Possibly by H.P. Horner or J. Lightfoot. Dressed slate and limestone. Square north-west tower has battered base and corbelled embattled parapet, the north-west angle projects further. Entrance recessed under corbel table, with segmental-pointed head; arrow slit with iron dressing above. South-east 3-bay limestone greenhouse with pyramidal roof, originally glazed, and large segmental-pointed windows with 2-light casements, now boarded; south-east facade similar. North-east facade has basement entrance to room with fireplace, and corbelling above; terrace to north with raking buttresses; retaining wall to south, 6.7m with end turret. Retaining wall continues to north for approx 67m with 3 projecting bays and raking buttresses; end canted bay. Wall continues west for approx 30m. Property of the National Trust.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- greenhouse
coordinates:- NY37470105
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
RETAINING WALL TO NORTH WEST OF RMS WRAY CASTLE / / / CLAIFE / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 76757 / NY3747801042
courtesy of English Heritage
Retaining wall extending approx. 37m to north-west of entrance drive and returning to join angle of castle. Weathered buttresses and steps to each end. That to north-western end in projection originally attached to ornamental ruin, now demolished.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- NY37470104
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
LODGE AND GATES TO RMS WRAY CASTLE / / / CLAIFE / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 76762 / NY3715800737
courtesy of English Heritage
Lodge and gates. c.1845. Possibly by H.P. Horner. Dressed stone with slate roofs. 2-storey tower with one-storey wings to right and to rear. String course and top corbelled embattled parapet, higher to left. Wing to right has embattled parapet over string course; large turret with corbelled-out embattled parapet to left, smaller similar turret to right. Ground floor has casement windows of 3 and 2 lights in chamfered reveals. 1st floor has Tudor-headed window, the casement of 2 lights with cusped heads. To right, coped wall, approx 13m long, canted forward to end; similar wall to left has gate opening with octagonal piers on square bases and embattled caps; flanking segmental-pointed entrances in projecting surrounds. Left return has corbelled parapet carried round canted rear angle, embattled parapet to rear wing; casement windows. Right return similar, with low gabled wing and lean-to wing behind front wall, end of wing roof is hipped. Property of the National Trust.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- gate
coordinates:- NY37150073
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Garnett 1850s-60s F

Set of prints, engravings, Views of the English Lakes or Views in the English Lake District, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
thumbnail GAR714, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Wray Castle, Windermere, Cumberland, drawn and engraved by William Banks and Son, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
Found with Views of the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn & Engd. by W. Banks & Son, Edinr. / WARY CASTLE, WINDERMERE
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Atkinson 1847 (5th edn 1850)

Guide book, Handbook to the English Lakes, published by Thomas Atkinson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1847; published 1847-53.
thumbnail AK2E06, button to large image
Print, woodcut engraving, Wray Castle, Claife, Westmorland, by T W Holme, published by Thomas Atkinson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1850.
On p.22 of a Handbook to the English Lakes, 5th edn.
printed at bottom:-
Wray Castle.

placename:- Wray Castle
date:- 1850
period:- 19th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Wray Castle -- Claife -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms, James Dawson - argent two pales sable a chevron gules on a canton gules a battleaxe or. -- 15.2.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Wray Castle -- Claife -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms, James Dawson quartered with another. -- 15.2.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Wray Castle -- Claife -- Cumbria / -- 15.2.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Wray Castle -- Claife -- Cumbria / -- Machicolations. -- 15.2.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Wray Castle -- Claife -- Cumbria / -- Gate house. -- 15.2.2008

hearsay Built by Dr James Dawson, a surgeon from Liverpool, deigned by H P Horner, 1840-47. Dr Dawson died 1875, age 96.
According to William Wordsworth:-
... added a dignified feature to the interesting scenery in the midst of which it stands ...

hearsay Beatrix Potter, aged 16, stayed here on holiday with her parents, 1882. She fell in love with the area; and here she met Hardwick Rawnsley who encouraged her to publish her stories.

hearsay Owned by the National Trust, rented to the College of Marine Electronics who refer to it as RMS Wray Castle (1990s).

button   John Longmire's Folly, Wray Castle
button   sundial, Wray Castle
button   Wray Castle Boat House, Claife

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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