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placename:- Bela Falls
other name:- Beetham Force ?
site name:- Bela, River
locality:- Beetham
parish Beetham parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
waterfall; weir
coordinates:- SD49647996
10Km square:- SD47
The waterfall is now part of the weir for the mill pond for Heron Corn Mill.

1Km square SD4979

photograph

Bela Falls -- Bela, River -- Beetham -- Beetham -- Cumbria / -- Weir on The Bela. -- 30.1.2009
photograph

Bela Falls -- Bela, River -- Beetham -- Beetham -- Cumbria / -- Sluice to the mill lade. -- 30.1.2009

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 147:-
... Lower down [below Kendal] in the river Can are two falls, down which the water rushes with great noise, one at the little town of Levens, the other more to the south near Betham, which are certain prognostics of weather to the neighbourhood. For, when the northernmost makes a loud noise they expect fair weather, and when the southernmost does the same rain and fogs. ...
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 153:-
...
In the river Betha is one of the two catadupae or waterfalls mentioned by Mr. Camden. The rock which crosses the bed of the river 66 feet in breadth is 16 feet perpendicular, down which the water falls with a mighty noise. But in the summer season the whole of the river is employed in carrying two corn mills.
The phaenomenon of Levens and Betham fall is thus to be explained. When that which is to the north sounds more loud and clear, the inhabitants look for sour weather; when that to the south, for rain; the south-west winds blowing from the sea bring the vapors with them, and from the north-east have the contrary effect.

placename:- Betham Fall
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5SD47NE, button to large image
Water Falls
no symbol; waterfall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18SD37, button to large image
Waterfall
no symbol, on the Ken below Levens Bridge
site name:- Kent, River
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) -- probably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2SDP, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2SDP, button to large image
Waterfall
The label is downstream by the estuary.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) -- probably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10SD48, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10SD48, button to large image
Catadupa
No symbol.

placename:- Catadupa
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

descriptive text:- Keer 1605 (edn 1620)

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
fourth page
... There are also neere Kendale in the River Can, two Catadupa or Waterfals, where the waters descend with such a forcible downefall, that it compels a mightie noyse to be heard, which the neighbour Inhabitants make such use of, as they stand them in as good stead as Prognostications: for when that which standeth North from them soundeth more cleare, and with a louder eccho in their eares, they certainly looke for faire weather to follow: But when that on the South do the like, they expect foggy mists and showers of raine.
date:- 1620
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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