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placename:- Garnett Bridge to Sadgill
other name:- Sadgill to Garnett Bridge
parish Whitwell and Selside parish, once in Westmorland
parish Longsleddale parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Westmorland
route; road; drove road
10Km square:- SD59, NY50, NY40
Road from Garnett Bridge to Sadgill; single track road with passing places.

The rain makes these signs green. We once met two valley wives scrubbing the signs clean because a lot of visitors were expected for an important funeral the next day.
photograph

Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- Roadsigns at Garnett Bridge. -- SD52359927 (at) -- 26.2.2010

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 27 6,7,11,15,16)

OS County Series (Wmd 33 4)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Spot heights and bench marks are shown along the road.

source:- OS 1881-82 New Series (outline edition)

Maps, parts of Westmorland, Cumberland, etc now Cumbria, New Series 1 inch maps of England, published by the Ordnance Survey, London, 1881-82; sheets 7, 11, 12, 16..19, 22..25, 28..31, 37..40, 47..50, 58.
thumbnail O21NY40X, button to large image
thumbnail O21NY40W, button to large image
thumbnail O21NY50B, button to large image
thumbnail O21NY50A, button to large image
date:- 1881=1882
period:- 19th century, late; 1880s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02SD59, button to large image
thumbnail FD02NY40, button to large image
Road.
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
Descriptive text with the plate of Long Sleddale Slate Quarry, includes:-
... This vale [Long Sleddale] is intersected by the Sprint rivulet, which runs parallel with the road by which tourists from Kendal approach the sublime mountain scenery around Hawes Water. ...
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P166, button   goto source.
Page 166:-
... The road along the vale is tolerable, and joins the great road at Watch-gate, about four miles from Kendal.
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY40NE, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY40SE, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY50SW, button to large image
double line; road, with mile numbers
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

specimen:- JandMN (402)

thumbnail BXO44, button to large image
Rock, hand specimen of a sedimenatry mudstone from a wall by the road from Garnett Bridge to Sadgill, Longsleddale, Westmorland, about NY50090290, 13 October 2012.
Silurian, Ludlow; Kendal group, Bannisdale Formation.
date:- 2012
period:- 2010s

Road Drainage
Drainage, or rather the opposite, of the road up Longsleddale was discussed at a Valley Meeting, autumn 2011. Out of this it was discovered that the local authority highways department have no clear idea of where 'gulleys', which are their responsibility, were. So I offered to try a survey with gps receiver in hand. Three sorts of features were plotted:-
DRAINS - proper street drains with a cast iron cover. So far, 78 of these have been located. I do not know where the water goes; some associated culverts under the road are obvious, but other pipework remains a mystery. See:-
c:\LongSled\RefData\LslDrain.xls
CULVERTS - water channels piped under the road. Some of these originate in the field beyond the wall on one side of the road, and exit beyond the wall on the other. Most were found by aurally; you have to listen carefully.
c:\LongSled\RefData\LslCulv.xls
'HOLES' - for sake of any better term! In many places along the road water just falls off over the verge into the lower land, usually on the west side of the road. In some places there are clearly made cuts in the verge to let this happen, and in some places there is provision for the water to flow under a wall. These are plotted as 'holes' with no degree of certainty. Some ditches are inclcuded in this tabulation. These seem to be called 'run offs'.
c:\LongSled\RefData\LslHole.xls
I cannot be certain I have found every feature of interest. Some may be obscured by mud and water. Others in the valley have helped; yet others may know more.

Scope
3 types of feature; drains, culverts, and 'holes'.
From Sadgill to the A6 (ie into the adjacent parishes)
Accuracy
The gps receiver is an ordinary hand held instrument which does not use a local ground station. Its acknowledged accuracy is limited to about +-10m. The tabulated readings are 10 figure grid references, +- 1m, which is not justified.

History
Most of the drain covers are from ironfoundries outside Westmorland and Cumberland. Two have been found with local interest, both cast in Kendal:-

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- Junction at Garnett Bridge. -- 19.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- Junction at Stockdale Bridge. -- 19.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- Road end at Sadgill. -- 19.3.2007

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- Hedge Trimmimg. -- 3.8.2005

photographs
Sometimes we have heavy rain, and there are unexpected streams.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- Leaking hedge! just below Dale End. -- 24.10.2008

photographs
Sometimes it snows. There is excellent snow clearance in the valley.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- 5.12.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- 5.12.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Garnett Bridge to Sadgill -- Whitwell and Selside and Longsleddale -- Westmorland / -- 5.12.2010

places
mapping:- -- junction (with A6) -- SD52559868
Garnett Bridge, Strickland Roger
Sadgill, Longsleddale

route concatenation
private
mapping:- route, Lsl1.1route, Lsl1.2route, Lsl1.3route, Lsl1.4route, Lsl1.5route, Lsl1.6route, Lsl1.7

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2013
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
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button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University