Shepherd's Guide, James Moore, 1824
These notes are from a copy of the guide in Kendal Library, Local Studies, item WOO636.3 No.302.
source type: Moore 1824
THE SHEPHERD'S GUIDE, OR, A DELINEATION OF THE Wool and Ear Marks ON THE DIFFERENT SHEEP, IN THE EXTENT OF WHARTON, RAVENSTONEDALE, ORTON, HOWGILL, TEBAY, MARTHWAITE, COUTLEY, GRISDALE, GARSDALE, DENT, WENSLEYDALE, SWALEDALE, MALLERSTANG, LUNDS, WADLEY, SMARDALE, CROSBY, LITTLE ASHBY, GREAT ASHBY, &c. &c.
ULVERSTON; PRINTED BY W. R. KNIPE, & Co., MARKET STREET. 1824. (Price Two Shillings and Six-pence.)
This guide is for an eastern region of shepherds.
Introduction, pages iii to v:-
MY first inducement to engage in this Work was the favourable opinion of the plan by several Shepherds to whom I communicated it; and the success it has met with since its commencement is sufficient to shew the extensive benefit which is likely to result from it: it has not been presented to any Sheep breeder who has not considered it of the greatest importance; the number of Subscribers sufficiently proves the fact. Indeed, its importance is so self-evident, as altogether to supercede any apology from me in bringing it before the public. It is well known to every proprietor of sheep, how apt they are to stray from their owners, and consequently, either from not knowing the proper owner, from neglect, or a worse cause, are often entirely lost to him. Now my object in bringing this work before the public, is to lay down a plan by which every man may have it in his power to know the owner of a stray sheep, and to restore it to him; and at the same time, that it may act as an antidote against the fraudulent practices too often followed,- in a word, 'restore to every man his own.'
If the work itself does not shew how far I have succeeded in these views, any thing I can say in its behalf would be useless, and cannot recommend it. I consider that the best mode of representing the Wool and Ear marks would be to have printed delineations of the animals.
Wharton Dykes, 21st. June, 1824.
which is a direct crib of James walker's original words.
For the better accomplishing the objects in view, it may be necessary to observe the following
IF any Sheep be found strayed or straying, and its mark be not in the Book, it shall be delivered to the Lord of the Manor, or his Bailiff; it is then to be proclaimed at the Church, and the two nearest Market Towns, on two Market days, and if not then claimed by the Owner, shall belong to the King; and now commonly by grant of the Crown, to the Lord of the Manor, or the Liberty; the estray is not absolutely the property of the Lord, till the Year and day after the proclamation; and therefore if it escape to another Lord before, to another Manor, he cannot reclaim it. If proclamation is neglected, the owner may claim it without paying the expences, and may do so at all times within the year and day; if proclaimed, upon paying them, but afterwards it is vested in the Lord absolutely. The Year and Day runs from the first proclamation, not from the seizure.
Page iii is inscribed by an owner:-
[J.H.Long Roundthwaite Abby, Orton Aug 1824.]
The guide is printed in black and white only. A typical page spread is:-
and an example:-
No.99.- Mr. ANTHONY WILKINSON, Howgill, sheep mark a stroke in the near ribs, and W on the far ribs; slit near ear. A W in the near horn.
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