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Shepherd's Guide, William Hodgson, 1849

These notes are from a copy of the guide in Kendal Library, Local Studies, item WOO636.3 No.8106.
source type: Hodgson 1849
Title page:-

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THE SHEPHERD'S GUIDE, OR A DELINEATION OF THE WOOL AND EAR MARKS OF THE DIFFERENT STOCKS OF SHEEP IN Lancashire, Cumberland, and Westmorland. BY WILLIAM HODGSON, NORMOSS, CORNEY, CUMBERLAND.
ULVERSTON: PRINTED BY S. SOULBY, ADVERTISER OFFICE, KING STREET, 1849.
The modern binding:-

Introductory matter:-

THE SHEPHERD'S GUIDE.
THIS book will be found not only a Guide, but will prove of the utmost benefit to all Sheep-owners who have Stocks going upon the Commons within the Districts it comprehends. It will be a great preventative against the loss of Sheep that may go astray, by observing the following

RULES;-
1st.- It will be considered the duty of every person who enters into this book, when he has seen a stray sheep, to take care of it; and should he not have a book of his own, that he make application to some person who has one, in order to peruse it, and endeavour to find out whether the owner of the stock to which the strayed sheep belongs be entered in it; if he finds him out, notice must be sent him, as soon as possibly convenient, to take it away; if the owner cannot be made out, the sheep will belong to the Lord of the Manor, according to custom and the law.
2nd.- Should any one be found keeping a sheep, the property of another person who has entered in this book, for a longer time than is necessary for making application to some one having a book, (should he not have one himself,) it will be considered that he intended to defraud the owner of it, and will be prosecuted according to law.
N.B.- Twinters are generally redded on the back of the head.

Examples

A typical page spread:-

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Examples

The sheep diagrams are printed in black and white, hand coloured to show the marks. Examples from Longsleddale:-
Sadgill illustration of mark
    BENJAMIN MARTINDALE, Sad Gill.
    Cropped near ear, a stroke over the fillets and down both lisk[s], and a stroke from that up the back to the shoulders.
Tom's Howe illustration of mark
    JOHN MATTINSON, Thomshow.
    Cropped and upper fold bitted far ear, a stroke down the far shoulder, M on the near side, MM on the horns, and a figure.
Middale illustration of mark
    JOHN MATTINSON, Middale.
    Upper fold bitted far ear, a red stroke down the far shoulder, M on the far side, IM on the horn, and a figure.
High Swinklebank illustration of mark
    THOMAS FISWICK, High Swingle Bank.
    Cropped and punch holed near ear, a red stroke from the shoulder to the fillets and down the lisk on the near side, TF on the near horn.
Middle Swinklebank illustration of mark
    HENRY MATTINSON, Middle Swingle Bank.
    Cropped far ear, a red stroke from the shoulder blade to the lisk, and down the lisk on the far side, HM on the far horn.
Low Swinklebank illustration of mark
    JOHN TAYLOR, Low Swingle Bank.
    Cropped near ear, a red stroke down the near shoulder, and a black pop on top of the shoulders, IT on the horn.
Wads Howe illustration of mark
    THOMAS HUDSON, Wadshow.
    Cropped and forked far ear, a red pop on the shoulders, and a stroke down the near buttock TH on the horns.
Sadgill illustration of mark
    GEORGE HUDSON, Sad Gill.
    Forked near ear, a red stroke from the fillets to the far side of the tail, and a stroke from the near hock bone over and across the other and down the buttock, TH on the far horn.
Sadgill illustration of mark
    GEORGE HUDSON, Sad Gill.
    Under key bitted near ear, cropped far, a red stroke over and down both shoulders, and one over the back and down both sides, and a pop at the tail head.
Beech Hill illustration of mark
    JAMES HORSFALL, Beach-hill.
    Cropped near ear, a red stroke down the near shoulder, and a black pop on the far hock.
High House illustration of mark
    MYLES SINKINSON, High House.
    Cropper far ear. a red stroke down the near shoulder, and a pop at the tail head, RS on both horns.
illustration of mark
    MYLES SINKINSON.
    Potter fell sheep no ear mark, a red pop on the top of the shoulders.
Docker Nook illustration of mark
    JAMES ATKINSON, Dockernook.
    Ritted near ear, forked far, a red pop on the near hock, G on the near side, JA on the horn.
Stockdale illustration of mark
    JOHN MARTINDALE, Stockdale.
    Cropped and punch holed far ear, a red stroke over the fillets and down both lisks, and a cross on the face, M on the near shoulder.

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