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Shepherd's Guide, Daniel Gate, 1879

These notes are from a copy of the guide in Kendal Library, Local Studies, item WOO636.3 No.8272.
source type: Gate 1879
Title page:-

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GATE'S NEW SHEPHERD'S GUIDE FOR CUMBERLAND, WESTMORELAND, & LANCASHIRE.
PRINTED BY BRASH BROS.: COCKERMOUTH,- 'WEST CUMBERLAND TIMES' OFFICE. LANCASTER,- 3, CHEAPSIDE. 1879.

Introductory matter:-

INTRODUCTION.
GENTLEMEN,- It is needless for me to explain to you the object of the Publication I have now the pleasure to put before you; but for the benefit of those who have not seen a similar work, and do not understand its purpose, I may just state, that. owing to the greater portion of our mountains being unenclosed, sheep are daily straying away from their heath, and are often taken up by shepherds many miles away from the residence of their owner; and though there are some hundreds of different marks, the party who has taken up the stray sheep can at once find out their rightful owner by referring to the 'SHEPHERD'S GUIDE;' whereas, if advertised in a newspaper, it often occurs that the party to whom the sheep belongs, through living in a different district, never sees the advertisement, and the sheep is eventually sold to defray expenses.
In placing my Guide before you, I feel certain that some errors will be found in its pages; but I wish to impress upon you that it is my intention to have these corrected, whether they arise from my informants, printer's errors, or through any fault of my own. I purpose doing this by having a small supplement printed, and sent to each Subscriber.
The Printers have spared no pains in doing their work as efficiently as possible, and it has involved much patient labour on their part to accomplish such an undertaking.
It may not be here out of place to state, that on account of the ear marks all being different, only eight pages could be printed at one time.
Before giving an explanation of the Book, I must gratefully thank all those gentlemen who have given me assistance and encouragement to produce this work, and more especially those who have contributed the Essays. Also Mr. Hawell, of Lonscale, for the Photographs of two of his Prize Sheep, from which the Engravings are taken.
For a further explanation I have added a few concise notes to Shepherds.
Trusting this Book will merit your approbation, which I hope you will show by your further patronage on some future day, for which purpose I beg to refer you to the Advertisement Pages, and remain yours respectfully,
DANIEL GATE.

Examples

A typical page spread:-

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Examples

The sheep diagrams are printed in black and white, either hand coloured or overprinted to show the marks. The picture of the sheep is:-
Eng by G. E. Oliver Edinr. / From a Photo by Mayson Keswick
of sheep belonging to Mr Hawell, Lonscale.
High Swinklebank illustration of mark
    THOMAS ATKINSON, High Swingle Bank; cropped and punch holed near, stroke on near side from shoulder to fillets and down lisk, TA on near horn.
High Sadgill illustration of mark
    GEORGE ARMISTEAD, High Sadgill; stroke over and down both shoulders, pop on tail head.
Middle Sadgill illustration of mark
    THOMAS HUDSON, Middle Sadgill; under key bitted near, cropper far, stroke over and down both shoulders, one over back and down both sides, pop at tail head, TH on horn.
Low Sadgill illustration of mark
    WILLIAM GREEN, Low Sadgill; cropped near, stroke over fillets and down both lisks, and a stroke from that up the back to shoulders.
Tills Hole illustration of mark
    ROBERT HUDSON, Till's Hole; forked near, stroke from fillets to far side of tail, stroke from near hock bone over and across the other and down far buttock, RH on horn.
Stockdale illustration of mark
    RICHARD ROGERSON, Stockdale; cropped and punch hold far, stroke over fillets and down both lisks, RR on near horn.
Middle Swinklebank illustration of mark
    I. T. TAYLOR, Middle Swingle Bank and Thornshow; cropped far, stroke from shoulder to fillets and down lisk on far side, IT on both horns.
Low Swinklebank illustration of mark
    GEORGE READE, Low Swingle Bank; cropped near, stroke down near shoulder, black pop on top of shoulders.
Middale illustration of mark
    WILLIAM STAINTON, Mid-dale; upper fold bitted far, stroke down far shoulder, S on far side, WS on horn.
Wellfoot illustration of mark
    JAMES DIXON, Well-foot; upper fold bitted near, stroke from fillet down near lisk, JD on near horn.
Wads Howe illustration of mark
    THOMAS HUDSON, Wadshow; cropped and forked far, pop on shoulders, stroke down near buttock, TH on horns.
Ubarrow Hall illustration of mark
    THOMAS KITCHEN, Yewbarrow; cropped both, pop on both hocks, TK on horn.
Kilnstones illustration of mark
    JAMES DIXON, Kilnstone; red stroke over both shoulders, TK on horn.
Docker Nook illustration of mark
    A. W. LONG, Docker Nook; ritted near, forked far, pop on near hock, L on near side, AL on horn.
Low House illustration of mark
    GEORGE WHITWELL, Low House; cropped far, stroke down near shoulders, pop on tail head, GW on horn.
Nether House Farm illustration of mark
    JOHN ATKINSON, Nether House; stroke down near shoulder, A on near side.
Beech Hill illustration of mark
    WILLIAM MILES, Beach Hill; cropped near, stroke down near shoulder, black pop on far hock, WM on horn.

Advertisements

An advertisement, facing the title page:-
Under the Patronage of H.R.H. The Prince of Wales.
ALFRED PETTITT'S FINE ART GALLERY OF THE LAKE DISTRICT, And the Derwentwater Portrait & Landscape Photographic Establishment, ST. JOHN STREET (90 yards from the Royal Oak Hotel, on the Ambleside Road), KESWICK. OPEN FROM 8-0 A.M. TO 10-0 P.M., FREE. (Established 1854.)
THE PAINTINGS (in Oil and Water Colors) Exhibited for Sale, represent the Mountains, Lakes, and Passes of the English lake District; by ALFRED PETTITT, KESWICK.
PHOTOGRAPHS. Mr. PETTITT'S series (4) of the English Lake District are the Largest and most complete published, and include Views of and from the summit of Scawfell Pike, Great Gable, Helvellyn, Striding Edge, Red Tarn, Pillar Rock, Wastwater, &c.
CATALOGUES on application to Mr. PETTITT, or at the Hotels and Stationers of the District. Payne Jenning's Photographs and Books also on Sale.
...
The DERWENTWATER PORTRAIT STUDIO (in connection with the Fine Art Gallery) is Open Daily, and Portraits Taken in all the Newest Styles, including the 'Rembrandt,' 'Tourist,' &c. &c.
ALFRED PETTITT, FINE ART GALLERY ST. JOHN'S STREET, KESWICK
The advertisement includes a portrait of Daniel Gate:-

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PHOTOGRAPHED BY ALFRED PETTITT. / Yours truly, DANIEL GATE.
And Gate's has his own advert:-

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ADVERTISEMENTS.
To every Farmer and Flockmaster
D. GATE, KESWICK Will give FIVE PER CENT. DISCOUNT OFF LIST PRICES on all Orders entrusted to him for every description of SHEEP DIPPING.
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS BY ANY MAKER LISTS FREE ON APLICATION. Orders by Post punctually attended to. YOUR PATRONAGE RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED
5 per cent. off List Prices.
NOTE THE ADDRESS: D. GATE, KESWICK.

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