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Shepherd's Guide, Robinson, Dent and Vickers, 1885

These notes are from a copy of the guide in Kendal Library, Local Studies, item WOO636.3 No.300.
source type: Robinson, Dent and Vickers 1885
Title page:-

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THE SHEPHERDS' GUIDE; BEING AN AMALGAMATED ASSOCIATION COMPRISING THE FOLLOWING SOCIETIES:- THE EAST, SOUTH, AND NORTH FELLS ASSOCIATIONS; Including certain parts of Unenclosed Lands, lying and being within the Counties of YORKSHIRE, WESTMORLAND, CUMBERLAND, DURHAM, AND NORTHUMBERLAND: AND Giving a proper account of the Members' Names, their Places of Residence, the names of the Committee, the Treasurer, and Secretaries; ALSO, A PROPER DELINEATION OF THE WOOL, HORN, AND EAR MARKS OF ALL THE MEMBERS' SHEEP. / EXTENDING From Bowes and Wensleydale, to Sedbergh, in Yorkshire; from Ravenstonedale and Brough, to Gillumholme, in Westmorland; from Cross Fell and Kirkoswald, to Castle Carrick, in Cumberland; from Knaresdale and Allendale, Hexhamshire, to Blanchland, in Northumberland; from Lanchester and Stanhope, to Middleton, in Durham; and from thence to Bowes, in Yorkshire. TO WHICH ARE ADDED THE RULES AND AN INDEX.

Introductory matter, page iii:-

To the Flock-Masters of Yorkshire, Westmorland, Cumberland, Northumberland, and Durham.
The following pages are presented to you, 'the Flock-masters' occupying the unenclosed Moors, Commons, Fells, Stinted Pastures, or Waste Lands, in Yorkshire, Westmorland, Cumberland, Northumberland, and Durham, by Messrs. ROBINSON, DENT, and VICKERS, who were appointed by the East, South, and North Fells Associations, and they now publish this work as a Guide Book for the Shepherds upon those tracts of unenclosed Land, for the recovery of Lost or Strayed Sheep, so as to be in keeping with the progressive changes of the present time.
From a desire to make this work as clear and distinct as possible, we include the Rules, the Names of the Committee of Management, the Treasurer, and Secretaries; also, the proper delineations of the Marks of Sheep belonging to the Members; and an Index, giving a clear and distinct account of Members' Names, their place of Residence, &c., belonging to, or connected with, the Amalgamated Association.
We are, Gentlemen, Yours obediently,
JOHN ROBINSON, Secretary for the East Fells Association,
A. C. DENT, Secretary for the South Fells Association,
WM. VICKERS, Secretary for the North Fells Association.
July, 1885.
Pages v to vii


1.- The each Township appoint a member, or person within the district, to attend the Exchange Meeting of Stray Sheep, and discharge the duties of any other office connected with the Association.
2.- That each member shall gather all Stray Sheep belonging to the Members of this Association, upon the Moor or Common upon which his Sheep usually go, four days previous to the Meeting of Exchange within his district where he resides, and forward them in proper time to the aforesaid meeting.
3.- That the Meetings take place in the following order, viz.:-
For the East Fells District -
At the Blue Bell Inn, St. John's Chapel, Weardale, on the first Monday after the 8th of July, for the Midsummer; and on the first Monday after the 8th of November, for the Autumn gathering. At Slaggyford, and High Force Inn, in Teasdale, on the Tuesday; at Shaw House, and Renwick, On Wednesday; at Melmerby, and Hilton, on Thursday; and the Central Meeting at Gullom Holme, on the Friday following these dates.
For the South Fells District -
At Nateby, near Kirkby Stephen; Hardrow, in Wensleydale; New Spittal, Bowes; and C.B. Inn, Arkingarthdale, on the first Monday after the 8th of July, for Midsummer; and on the first Monday after the 8th of November, for Autumn gathering. At the Punchbowl Inn, near Brough, on the Tuesday; and at Grains-o-beck, Lunesdale, on the Friday following these dates. At the Miners' Arms Inn, Keld Green, Swaledale; at Shaw Paddock Inn, near Hawes; and Stang Foot Inn, near Barnard Castle, on the Saturday before Nateby gathering. At the Cross Keys Inn, Tebay; at the King's Head Inn, Gunnerside, Swaledale; and Gearstones Inn, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, on the Friday before Nateby meeting. At the Red Lion Inn, Sedburgh; and Bolton Arms Inn, Downholme, Richmond, on the Thursday before Nateby meeting. At the King's Head Inn, Coldbeck, Ravenstonedale, on the second Tuesday in July, for the Midsummer gathering; and on the first Tuesday in November, for Autumn gathering.
For the North Fells District -
At Bolts Law, in Weardale; Carrshield and Allendale Town, on the first Friday after the 12th of July, for the Midsummer; and on the first Friday after the 12th of November for the Autumn gathering; and the Central Meeting at the house of Mr. W. Sparke, Corn Mill Inn, Allenheads, on the Saturday following these dates.
4.- If any member shall wilfully neglect to gather any Stray Sheep belonging to any member of this Association, from that part of the Moor or Common upon which his sheep are usually depastured; or, when gathered, if he shall neglect to forward them in due time to the proper Meeting of Exchange within his district, he shall be fined for the first neglect, in either particular, the sum of One Shilling; for the second Two Shillings; and for the third he shall be excluded the benefits of this Association.
5.- If any member shall refuse to attend in his turn to remove such Sheep as require removing (having reasonable expenses allowed from the person owning the sheep), he shall be reported, and excluded the benefits of the Association.
6.- Should any member find any Stray Sheep belonging to any of the members of this Association during the intervals between the meetings: that is to say, between Midsummer and Autumn, or Autumn and Midsummer gatherings, in any year, he must give information of the same to the member or members, or any other person to whom the sheep may belong, either by proxy or otherwise - the owner of the sheep to pay postage and all other expenses.
7.- If any Sheep be found straying, and its marks be not in this Association Book, it shall be conveyed to the nearest Meeting of Exchange; and if not owned or claimed there, to be delivered up to the Lord or Lady, or their Bailiff (expenses being paid), of that manor upon which it was taken up: the marks to be taken down in writing, and also the address of the person who takes charge of the sheep, by the Committee of the meeting, and forwarded to the Secretary, together with One Shilling, to meet the expenses of getting bills printed and sent to every Sheep Meeting house for circulation.
8.- All Stray or neighbouring Sheep to be at each meeting place by Twelve o'clock at noon; and those Sheep whose marks are not in the book to be drawn into a fold by themselves, for the inspection of all present at the meeting. Members who infringe this rule to be fined Sixpence each.
9.- If any member shall, at any meeting, wilfully challenge and claim for his own, or for any other person, any Stray Sheep not being his or theirs, upon such conduct being clearly proved against him, he must bear all expenses of such sheep to the owner, or to the Lord or Lady of the manor upon which it was taken up.
10.- That each member attending the Exchange shall pay One Shilling for refreshments, otherwise be excluded the benefits of the Association.
11.- As it is generally supposed that occasionally a number of Sheep are unlawfully driven off from sundry moors and commons, it is therefore requested by the Committee that every member be diligent in studying his book, so as to be conversant with the various marks contained therein, and thereby be qualified to detect such improper proceedings.
12.- That a Committee-man be appointed in each township throughout the district to see that these rules are properly acted up to and carried into effect; any three to have power to act in their district.
13.- That all fines, &c., be paid to the Treasurer of the Amalgamated Societies; and that the Treasurers and Secretaries make up their accounts for the inspection of the members every year, against the Autumn Central Meeting.


The guide is printed in black and white. A typical page spread:-

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Example from Longsleddale:-
Sadgill illustration of mark
    103 - JOHN FISHWICK, Sad Gill, Longsleddale. Cropped near ear; a stroke over the fillets and down both lisks, and a stroke from that up the back to the shoulder.

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