Shepherd's Guide, H Brown, 1848
These notes are from a copy of the guide in Carlisle Library, Local Studies, item 3 8003 00828 4508, shelf mark 1A 636.3.
source type: Brown 1848
THE SHEPHERD'S GUIDE, OR A DESCRIPTION OF THE WOOL AND EAR MARKS, OF THE RESPECTIVE STOCKS OF SHEEP IN CALDBECK, MOSEDALE, BOWSCALE, MUNGRISDALE, THRELKELD, UNDERSKIDDAW, BASSENTHWAITE, ULDALE, IREBY, &C.
MEETINGS Are annually and alternately held at Caldbeck, Mungrisdale, Threlkeld, Bassenthwaite and Uldale, on the first Monday in December, and at Skiddaw House, on the last Monday in July.
PENRITH: PRINTED BY H. BROWN. 1848.
The book has a modern binding.
FOR the better accomplishing the objects in view, it may be necessary to observe the following RULES:-
1.- It is requested of every person in the different townships, whose stock are entered in this book, that they collect strayed or straying sheep from all parts of the township, against the usual time of exchange, which will be the last Monday in July, and first Monday in December, in each year, as mentioned in the title-page of this book.
2.- If any person shall wilfully neglect to collect stray or neighbouring sheep, from that part of the common on which his sheep usually go, previous to the aforesaid meeting for exchange, and deliver them to the person at that time appointed for the purpose of exchanging, to be by him conveyed, agreeable to his office, to the place of exchange, he shall be reported and excluded the benefit of this association.
3.- If any person refuse to attend in his turn to remove sheep, as may be required, he shall also be reported and excluded the benefit of this association.
4.- If any sheep be found strayed or straying, and its mark be not in the book, it shall be conveyed to the exchange, and if not owned there, be delivered to the lord of the manor, or his bailiff. It is then to be proclaimed at the church, and two nearest market towns on two market days; and if not claimed by the owner, shall belong to the queen, and now commonly, by grant of the crown, to the lord of the manor or the liberty. The astray is not the absolute property of the lord, till the year and day after proclamation; and therefore, if it escape from the lord before, to another manor,he cannot reclaim it. If proclamation is neglected, the owner may claim it without paying the expenses, and may do so at all times within the year and day, if proclaimed, upon paying them; but afterwards it is vested in the lord absolutely. The year and day runs from the first proclamation, not the seizure.
5.- That any additional rule or rules may be added or any amendment or amendments made in the foregoing rules, by the delegates appointed, and the major part of any annual meeting; which said additions and amendments shall be lodged at the place of exchange, and also inserted in the public books of the respective townships.
A typical page spread:-
The sheep diagrams are printed in black and white, but in this copy have no marks. The marks would probably have been hand coloured, a laborious task. The ear crops on the engravings are just a basis for illustration, also not completed. The incomplete engravings suggest the possibility that the guide was sold either coloured or uncoloured, the latter cheaper. An example:-
William Barrow, Mosedale, under halved near ear, cropped far, a red stroke from the far ribs over the pen to the near side of the tail, and R.B. on the near side.
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