Shepherd's Guide, B T Sweeten, 1853
These notes are from a copy of the guide in Carlisle Library, Local Studies, item 3 8003 03045 9911, shelf mark M29.
source type: Sweeten 1853
THE SHEPHERD'S GUIDE; OR, A DELINEATION OF THE WOOL, HORN, AND EAR MARKS, OF THE DIFFERENT STOCKS OF SHEEP, ON THE EAST FELLS, EXTENDING, ON THE EAST SIDE, FROM CLOVER HILL, IN KNARESDALE, TO PIKE STONE, IN WEARDALE AND LUNEDALE, IN YORKSHIRE; AND ON THE WEST SIDE, FROM GELTSDALE FOREST TO STAINMORE. TO WHICH IS PREFIXED, THE RULES, A LIST OF THE COMMITTEE, AND AN INDEX, SHEWING THE PROPRIETOR'S NAMES, HORN BURNS, AND PLACES OF ABODE.
PENRITH: PRINTED AT THE OFFICE OF B. T. SWEETEN. 1853.
Introductory matter, pages 4 to 6:-
1. A Bit or Fork, denotes a sharp bottom, and a Key Bit or Square Fork, a square bottom.
2.- Underhalfed denotes a piece out of the underside of the ear.
3.- Upperhalfed denotes a piece out of the top side of the ear.
4.- Stowed denotes a piece cut off the end of the ear.
TO BE OBSERVED BY THE MEMBERS OF THE
1.- That each Township appoint a Person by House-row, or any other manner it may think proper, to attend the exchange of Stray Sheep, and other requisite Offices.
2. That the Meetings take place in the following order, viz.,- at the Blue Ball Inn, St. John's Chapel, Weardale, and Morpeth Arms Inn, Hartleyburn, on the first Monday after the Eighth of July, for the Midsummer; and on the first Monday after the Eighth of November, for the Autumn gathering, at Slaggyford, Castle Carrick, High Force Inn, in Teesdale, and Punch Bowl Inn, on Stainmore, on the Tuesday; at Show House, Renwick, and Grainside Beck, on Wednesday; at Melmerby, and Wheatsheaf Inn, on Thursday; and the Central Meeting at Gullum Holme, on the Friday following these dates.
3.- That the Committee-man for each Township, appoint a day within four days of the Meeting in his district; on which every Member in the Township shall assemble, and gather all Stray Sheep on their Fell, and deliver the same to the person appointed to carry them to the place of exchange.
4.- If any Member shall wilfully neglect to collect on the day appointed by the Committee-man, all Stray or neighbouring Sheep from that part of the common, on which his sheep usually go, and not deliver them to the person appointed, as aforesaid, he shall be fined Two Shillings and Sixpence, or excluded the benefit of this association.
5.- If any Member refuse to attend in his turn, to remove such sheep as may be required (having reasonable expenses allowed from the person belonging such sheep), he shall be reported, and excluded the benefit of this association.
6.- Should any Member find any Stray Sheep belonging to a Member of this, or the South Association, in the interval between meetings, (that is to say, betwixt Midsummer and Autumn, and Autumn and Midsummer) he must give information of the same, to the Member or Members to whom the sheep may belong, either by letter or proxy. The owner of the sheep to pay postage, &c.
7.- If any sheep be found straying, and its mark be not in this, or the South Association Book, it shall be conveyed to the nearest exchange, and if not owned there, to be delivered to the Lord of the Manor (or his Bailiff), upon which it was taken up; the marks to be taken down in writing, by the Committee of the Meeting, and forwarded to the Central Meeting, to be kept there.
8.- All Stray or neighbouring Sheep to be at each meeting place by one o'clock, p.m., and those sheep whose marks are not in the books, to be drawn into a fold by themselves, for the inspection of all persons at the meeting. Members who infringe this rule to be fined Sixpence each time.
9.- I any Member shall at any Meeting wilfully challenge and claim for his own, or for any other person, any Stray Sheep, and that sheep not being his or theirs; upon such conduct being clearly proved against him, he must bear all expenses of such sheep to the owner, or to the Lord of the Manor, upon which it was taken up.
10.- That each Member attending the exchange, shall pay One Shilling for refreshment, other be dismembered. Members of the South Association, to be exempt from this Rule.
11.- As it is generally supposed, that occasionally, a number of sheep are unlawfully driven off sundry moors; it is therefore requested by the Committee, that every Member be diligent in studying his Book, so as to be conversant with the various marks, and thereby qualified to detect such improper proceedings.
12.- That a Committee-man be appointed in each Township throughout the district, to see that these rules are properly acted up to; any three to have power to act in their own district.
13.- That all fines be paid to the Treasurer; and that the Secretary and Treasurer make up their accounts every year against the Autumn Central Meeting.
The sheep diagrams are printed in black and white. A typical page spread:-
169.- ISABELLA RAINE, Wanwood Hill.- Face burn, [diamond]; horn burn. E R on both horns, and a figure on the far horn; near ear upperhalfed (bought sheep, different ear marks); tar mark, [diamond] on the near, and R on the far side. Ewes and old Wedders, no R on.
This copy of the guide has several extras bound
in, including a supplementary pamphlet:-
A SUPPLEMENT TO THE SHEPHERDS' GUIDE.
A typical page has descriptive text, but no diagrams, excepting a neat tail piece:-
J. Barnes, Printer, Bridge-Street, Appleby.
|Lakes Guides menu.|